Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan 2.0
New Reforms known as SSA 2.0 project
Aim- To support the state in universalizing access to school education from pre-nursery to Class 12.
Allocation - increased from Rs 60,000 Cr to Rs 75,000 Cr.
Duration - 1 apr 2018 to 31 march 2020.
SSA, RMSA and teacher training would be integrated in a single scheme from Class 1 to 12.
Shift to digital blackboards from Class 9 to college education in the next 5 years.
Centre would provide 20% incentive to states for learning-outcome based education.
Skill courses would be introduced in Class 6, which are now introduced in Class 9.
Education loan for financially poor students would be interest-free, if paid within first year of finishing education.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
Launched in: 2000-2001
• universal access and retention
• bridging of gender and social category gaps in elementary education
• improving the quality of learning
• opening of new schools and alternate schooling facilities
• construction of schools and additional classrooms, toilets and drinking water
• provisioning for teachers, regular teacher in service training and academic resource support
• free textbooks& uniforms
• support for improving learning achievement levels / outcome
Changes after RTE Act, 2005:
• National Curriculum Framework 2005- revamp of the entire content and process of education with significant implications for curriculum, teacher education, educational planning and management.
• Equity, in which the disadvantaged sections of the society – children of SC, ST, Muslim minority, landless agricultural workers and children with special needs, etc. – can avail of the opportunity.
• Access, not to be confined to ensuring that a school becomes accessible to all children within specified distance but traditionally excluded categories – the SC, ST and others sections of the most disadvantaged groups, the Muslim minority, girls in general, and children with special needs.
• Gender concern, implying not only an effort to enable girls to keep pace with boys but to bring about a basic change in the status of women.
• Centrality of teacher, to motivate them to innovate and create a culture in the classroom, and beyond the classroom, that might produce an inclusive environment for children, especially for girls from oppressed and marginalized backgrounds.
• Moral compulsion is imposed through the RTE Act on parents, teachers, educational administrators
• In Hindi, 'Shala' means 'School' and 'Gunvatta' means 'Quality'.
• Shala Gunvatta (Shagun) Portal is a twin track approach to monitor progress of implementation of the various components while also capturing and sharing of best practices from States and UTs. The portal has two parts
• 1. Online Monitoring will capture the progress in implementation. Regular updates of progress will be available through dashboards to the Ministry and States for internal monitoring. Some reports would also be available in the public domain.
• 2. SSA Repository is a repository of innovative practices, success stories, evaluation reports, and interventions initiated across all the States and Union Territories in the area of Elementary Education.
Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat
Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat is a nationwide sub-programme of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. Children who fail to read in early education lag behind in other subjects. The programme is designed to improve comprehensive early reading, writing and early mathematics programme for children in Classes I and II.
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