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Economy 5-7 Letter of Undertaking क्या हैं? RBI ने क्यूँ बंद किए?
 
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Letter of Undertaking and Nirav modi scam explained for UPSC in Hindi You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 2330 Prep Ezee
Economy 4-6 Ways and Means Advances क्या हैं?
 
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Chapter 4 Fiscal Policy - Section 6 Ways and Means Advances Bridge temporary mismatches in Receipts and payments It is a temporary overdraft allowed for GoI by RBI. It is not a source of finance. Replaced ad-hoc T-bills in 1997, in which interest rate is not market driven and concessional. Set at start of the year  Penalty - 2% above repo rate LAF - day to day mismatches in liquidity. For banks, FIs, DBs, govt  For states 2types of WMAs Special - against g-secs. Exhausted first Normal - unsecured at bank rate You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 1119 Prep Ezee
Economy 4-7 Deficit Financing and Recession घाटा वित्तपोशन एवं मंदी
 
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Chapter 4 Fiscal Policy - Section 7 Deficit Financing Deficit Financing - c/d Primary Borrowing - printing fresh money. Also called high powered or reserve money. In west, it means borrowing for gap in receipts and expenditure. Cant be done above limit because: • inflation increases • Debt increases - because government borrows • Burdens future generation - because it is a means to finance FD • Crowding out private investment • interest rate increases because everybody wants to borrow • Resources to non-plan head • Negative Redistribution of income - because inflation rises, therefore savers lose Effects of Deficit - increased inflation(bcz of increase in demand). But if resources are lying unutilised, then no increase in inflation. Crowding out, but if rate of return is more than interest, and better infra is created, then it leads to crowding in. Contrasting theory- DF is good because at first wages increase, but later prices increase leading to forced savings, which leads to more investment. Deficit Reduction: by increasing direct tax and increasing efficiency in Public Admin. Eg. withdrawing mis-targeted subsidy. Divestment. DBT. How much FD is right? It is right as a medicine, wrong as a food - TT Krishnamachary, former FM In recession, FD can be increased. Recession:- Growth rate decreases Tax revenue hit Fall in demand Investment postponed Unemployment Keynisian stimulus Counter-cyclical expenditure Spending and borrowing You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 2965 Prep Ezee
Economy 4-4 Public Debt, Ricardian Equivalence, सार्वजनिक ऋण
 
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Chapter 4 Fiscal Policy - Section 4 Public Debt, Ricardian Equivalence Debt: सार्वजनिक ऋण Debt can be financed by tax, borrowing or printing money. Govt debt is different from trader debt as govt can increase taxes and print money. Debt may be transferred to future generations through bonds. For these bonds, increased taxes would be paid by next gen. Thus savings for next get would fall. Also, private investment would be crowded out, as less Savings mean less availability of credit. People spend more when taxes are less and deficit is more, as consumption income is more. Ricardian Equivalence: However, David Ricardo said that when faced with high deficit, people save more, because they want to save their future gen from increased taxes. Thus, Ricardo says that taxation and borrowing are equivalent means of financing the deficit. Alternatively, tax increase today for tomorrow does not matter. Both have same impact. Some say that internal debt does not matter because it is something country does to itself. However, for external debt we need to export equal amount of goods or services. Internal Debt:- RBI  banks bonds(Infrastructure, oil etc.) private sector(through g-secs) Other liabilities - Small Savings - KVP(Kisan Vikas Patra), IVP(Indira Vikas Patra), Post office savings certificates, PF  External Debt:- Bilateral MFI- ADB, world bank, NDB NRI deposits Private ECB - ($ denominated) Masala bonds - (Re denominated) Trade Credit External Debt:- =$ 483 bn Govt- 91 bn $ Private - $ 392 bn  Long term - 82.2% Short term - 17.8% Forex reserves - $ 350 bn - covers 70% of external debt You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 1256 Prep Ezee
Learn all about SAARC for UPSC in less than 10 mins
 
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SAARC 8 countries(Afghanistan-2007) Founded - 1985(Zia ur Rahman) Secreteriat - Kathmandu, Nepal It comprises 3% of world's area, 21% of world's population, and 3.8% of world's economy- $2.9 tn BIMSTEC - (-)Af, Pak,Mal (+)Mya, Thai SAFTA - 2006 Issues: Only 5% integration - trade just 1%, asean-10% Indo pak disputes 19th summit boycotted -2016
Views: 7871 Prep Ezee
Economy 4-5 Public Debt Management Agency सार्वजनिक ऋण प्रबंधन एजेंसी
 
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Chapter 4 Fiscal Policy - Section 5 Public Debt Management Agency PDMA - Public Debt Management agency • recommendations of FSLRC(BN Srikrishna) and Jahangir Aziz Committee • manages the internal and external liabilities of the Central Government  • manages the issue, reissue and trading of Government securities,  • manages and advises the Central Government on its contingent liabilities e.g. guarantees given against third party, crop insurance, tax refunds, Letter of comfort issued by governments (Union and States), bailing out public sector insurance, banking and other entities • undertakes cash management Benefits of PDMA: 1. Fragmented jurisdiction - internal debt - RBI, external - centre 2. No investment management yet in Indian govt 3. Transparency in public debt 4. Deep g-sec market 5. Conflicts: 1. RBI selling g-secs and setting short tern interest rates 2. Making central banks buy more g-secs to keep the system healthy. But this prevents the market from deepening and diversifying. Arguments against: 1. Affects the autonomy of RBI 2. RBI has done a good job historically 3. FRBM Act has already banned RBI from participating in g-sec market. Now signalling is done by repo rate and not interest rate 4. An agency and officers appointed by GoI has conflict when GoI has majority stake in banks 5. In diversifying, the debt may move towards foreign investors affecting security 6. Other countries experience may not be true for India You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 1590 Prep Ezee
Learn to master world map for UPSC in less than 30 mins
 
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World map for UPSC IAS An overview of all continents and oceans. Also includes important routes of trade like Malacca strait and strait of hormuz
Views: 16607 Prep Ezee
Economy 4-1 Finance Ministry and its Departments वित्त मंत्रालय और उसके विभाग
 
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Chapter 4 Fiscal Policy - Section 1 Ministry of Finance and its Departments वित्त मंत्रालय और उसके विभाग Fiscal policy राजकोषीय नीति - finance ministry वित्त मंत्रालय  Monetary policy मौद्रिक नीति - RBI Annual Economic Review वार्षिक आर्थिक समीक्षा- finance ministry Economic Survey आर्थिक सर्वेक्षण finance ministry Long term fiscal policy दीर्घकालीन राजकोषीय नीति - by VP Singh (1985-86) 5 deptts of finance ministry :- 1. Deptt of Economic Affairs - आर्थिक कार्य - budget, currency, international affairs 2. Deptt of Expenditure - व्यय The Department of Expenditure is the nodal Department for overseeing the public financial management system in the Central Government and matters connected with state finances. It is responsible for the implementation of the recommendations of the Finance Commission and Central Pay Commission, monitoring of audit comments/ observations, preparation of Central Government Accounts. It further assists central Ministries/ Departments in controlling the costs and prices of public services, reviewing system and procedure to optimize outputs and outcomes of public expenditure. The principal activities of the Department include overseeing the expenditure management in the central Ministries/ Departments through the interface with the Financial Advisers and the administration of the Financial Rules/ Regulations/ Orders, pre-sanction appraisal of major schemes/ projects, handling bulk of the central budgetary resources transferred to State. 3. Deptt of Revenue - राजस्व  The Department of Revenue is mainly responsible for the following functions: - • All matters relating to levy and collection of Direct Taxes. • All matters relating to levy and collection of Indirect Taxes. • investigation into economic offences and enforcement of economic laws. • Prevention and combating abuse of Narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and illicit traffic therein. • Enforcement of FEMA and Work relating to forfeiture of property under Smugglers and Foreign Exchange Manipulators (Forfeiture of Property) Act, 1976 and Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985. • Levy of taxes on sales in the course of inter-state trade or commerce. • Matters relating to consolidation/reduction/exemption from payment of Stamp duty under Indian Stamp Act, 1899. • Cadre Control of IRS (Group-A) and IRS (C&CE) (Group-A). 4. Deptt of Financial Services - वित्तीय सेवा - The mandate of the Department of Financial Services covers the functioning of Banks, Financial Institutions, Insurance Companies and the National Pension System Deptt of Investment and Public Asset Mgmt - वित्तीय विनिवेश  You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 1257 Prep Ezee
Economy 4-8 FRBM Act and NK Singh Committee Recommendations
 
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Chapter 5 Fiscal Policy - Section 8 FRBM Act, 2003 and NK Singh Committee FRBM Act 2003 • DF banned • RD - 0%, FD- 3% • FM makes statement in case of deviations • Borrowing permitted in calamities 4 docs: Macro economic framework statement - It gives growth prospects of coming year. Also gives prospects of GDP growth rate, stability of domestic economy and external sector, statement of central government receipts and expenditure, and current account balance of foreign trade. Fiscal Policy Strategy statement - It gives govt’s strategy for current year regarding taxes, expenditure, borrowing, lending etc. Medium term fiscal policy statement - It gives 3 yr rolling plan targets for 5 fiscal indicators : 1. FD 2. RD 3. ERD 4. Tax to GDP ratio 5. Central govt liabilities Medium Term Expenditure statement - Only doc not presented along with budget. It is presented in the next session after budget session. It gives 3 yr rolling targets for expenditure.  Effects of FRBM Act: Fiscal discipline Reduced Borrowings Increased plan borrowings RBI autonomy - money creation Fiscal Consolidation Austerity Strengthening government finances Stability Increasing efficiency Cut wasteful expenditure - mistargeting of subsidy, divestment Spending more on infra and social sectors NK Singh Committee on FRBM 2.0 FD target of 2.5% by 2023 Debt to GDP ratio: Centre -40% of GDP, states -20% Fiscal Council: Chairperson and 2 members - non-renewable 4 yr term Having a fiscal band rather than fiscal target Role of the Council:  • preparing multi-year fiscal forecasts • recommending changes to the fiscal strategy • improving quality of fiscal data • advising the government if conditions exist to deviate from the fiscal target, • advising the government to take corrective action for non-compliance with the Bill. Deviations: in case of a national calamity, national security or other exceptional circumstances. following are the circumstances: 1. considerations of national security, war, national calamities and collapse of agriculture affecting output and incomes 2. structural reforms in the economy resulting in fiscal implications, 3. decline in real output growth of at least 3% below the average of the previous four quarters.  These deviations cannot be more than 0.5% of GDP in a year. You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 972 Prep Ezee
Honour Killing - SC guidelines, Law Commission Bill
 
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Case filed by - Shakti Vahini, NGO Against - Khap panchayats or Kangaroo courts. Khaps are caste or community organizations, particularly in the rural areas of north India, which at times act as quasi-judicial bodies and pronounce harsh punishments based on regressive and age-old customs and traditions For - giving directions to central and state governments, to take action against honor killings and devise a plan of action to contain them. Khaps argument: Khaps are a traditional institution, and can not be sidelined in a hurry Khaps are the conscience keepers of society same gotra marriages are not allowed in Section 5 of the Hindu Marriage Act of 1955 Sapinda and sagotra marriages are not allowed in the vedas Logic: Khap decisions are absolutely illegal Khap decisions violate individual liberty and dignity It is only for the courts of law to decide whether a marriage is legal or not No 3rd party can interfere in marriage of 2 consenting adults SC issues directions to the government: • Protection at wedding • To create special cells in each district so that couples could approach them. • To create safe houses, where couples could stay by paying a nominal charge for protection of their lives. • 24 hour helplines • Fast track courts and speedy trials in 6 months. • State governments to ask police chiefs to warn police stations to be extra cautious, if any inter-caste or inter-religion wedding comes to their notice. • DM can invoke prohibitory orders on suspicion • CJI asked states to compile a list of areas where honor killings happened in last 5 years Prohibition of Unlawful Assembly (Interference with the Freedom of Matrimonial Alliances) Bill • Law Commission proposed this law against honour killings. • SC has said that its guidelines will remain in force till the law is enacted by the legislature. • The law defines unlawful assembly as a group of people assembled with a “view or intention to deliberate on or condemn any marriage on the basis that such marriage has dishonoured the caste or community tradition or brought disrepute to all or any of the persons forming part of the assembly or the family or the people of the locality concerned.” • Harm or injury to the couple warrants 7 year imprisonment in the law. Even participation in such an assembly will invite 1 year imprisonment . You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 470 Prep Ezee
Introduction to Western Political Thought for UPSC
 
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Meaning of Political Science Periods in political science Ancient Medieval Modern Post-modern Sources: Wikipedia IGNOU notes Shubhra Ranjan Ma'am notes A history of Political Thought - Sushila Ramaswamy
Views: 5091 Prep Ezee
Learn all about ASEAN for UPSC in 10 mins
 
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This video explains ASEAN nation countries on a map, their purpose goals, key objectives, goals, its purpose, definition and headquarters. ASEAN + 3, ASEAN + 6, ARF and East Asia Summit are also added Next it gives history of ASEAN India Relations. Final section deals with main issues in India-ASEAN relations. You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDCgBEVWHCCBwEPNyr5DMpg?view_as=subscriber For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ Association of South East Asian Nations Year - 1967 First Summit - Bali, Indonesia - 1976 Secretariat - Jakarta, Indonesia Poulation - 64 Cr(2013) GDP - $ 2.4 tn ( AFTA - 1992) Primary goals- accelerate economic growth, improve social progress and promote peace and security in South East Asia ASEAN + 3 - China, Japan, S Korea ASEAN + 6 - China India, Japan, S Korea, Australia, New Zealand EAS - ASEAN + 6 + US and Russia ARF - 27 countries ASEAN and India- History - Cold War Look East Policy 2009 - FTA in goods 2012 - strategic partnership 2014 - FTA in services and investment 2018 - Republic Day parade Main points - Regional balancer against China - boundary disputes Connectvity -BIMSTEC, MGC Net security provider in IOR Image source - Koreatimes (http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/biz/2016/07/488_210525.html)
Views: 579 Prep Ezee
Rise of capitalism - World History for UPSC
 
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World of 18th century: Feudalism Evils of church Rise of capitalism You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 2658 Prep Ezee
Reforms in Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan 2 0, Shagun, Padhe bharat Badhe Bharat
 
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Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan 2.0 New Reforms known as SSA 2.0 project Aim- To support the state in universalizing access to school education from pre-nursery to Class 12. Allocation - increased from Rs 60,000 Cr to Rs 75,000 Cr. Duration - 1 apr 2018 to 31 march 2020. SSA, RMSA and teacher training would be integrated in a single scheme from Class 1 to 12. Shift to digital blackboards from Class 9 to college education in the next 5 years. Centre would provide 20% incentive to states for learning-outcome based education. Skill courses would be introduced in Class 6, which are now introduced in Class 9. Education loan for financially poor students would be interest-free, if paid within first year of finishing education. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Launched in: 2000-2001 Ministry: MoHRD Objectives: • universal access and retention • bridging of gender and social category gaps in elementary education • improving the quality of learning Steps taken: • opening of new schools and alternate schooling facilities • construction of schools and additional classrooms, toilets and drinking water • provisioning for teachers, regular teacher in service training and academic resource support • free textbooks& uniforms • support for improving learning achievement levels / outcome Changes after RTE Act, 2005: • National Curriculum Framework 2005- revamp of the entire content and process of education with significant implications for curriculum, teacher education, educational planning and management. • Equity, in which the disadvantaged sections of the society – children of SC, ST, Muslim minority, landless agricultural workers and children with special needs, etc. – can avail of the opportunity. • Access, not to be confined to ensuring that a school becomes accessible to all children within specified distance but traditionally excluded categories – the SC, ST and others sections of the most disadvantaged groups, the Muslim minority, girls in general, and children with special needs. • Gender concern, implying not only an effort to enable girls to keep pace with boys but to bring about a basic change in the status of women. • Centrality of teacher, to motivate them to innovate and create a culture in the classroom, and beyond the classroom, that might produce an inclusive environment for children, especially for girls from oppressed and marginalized backgrounds. • Moral compulsion is imposed through the RTE Act on parents, teachers, educational administrators SSA Shagun • In Hindi, 'Shala' means 'School' and 'Gunvatta' means 'Quality'. • Shala Gunvatta (Shagun) Portal is a twin track approach to monitor progress of implementation of the various components while also capturing and sharing of best practices from States and UTs. The portal has two parts • 1. Online Monitoring will capture the progress in implementation. Regular updates of progress will be available through dashboards to the Ministry and States for internal monitoring. Some reports would also be available in the public domain. • 2. SSA Repository is a repository of innovative practices, success stories, evaluation reports, and interventions initiated across all the States and Union Territories in the area of Elementary Education. Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat is a nationwide sub-programme of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. Children who fail to read in early education lag behind in other subjects. The programme is designed to improve comprehensive early reading, writing and early mathematics programme for children in Classes I and II. You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 1640 Prep Ezee
Economy 5-6 PARA - Public Sector Asset Rehabilitation Agency
 
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Public Sector Asset Rehabilitation Agency Download notes - http://prepezee.com/wp/public-sector-asset-rehabilitation-agency/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ Twitter - @prep_ezee You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1
Views: 292 Prep Ezee
Economy 5-3 Monetary Policy Tools  Qunatitative, Qualitative, CRR, SLR, MSF, LAF and Others
 
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Chapter 5 Monetary Policy - Section 3 Monetary Policy Tools Quantitative Tools • Bank rate • Repo(rbi lends) / Reverse Repo - on security of g-secs • CRR SLR(cash, gold, g-secs) - earn no interest • MSF - Repo + 1%, penal rate, for SLR - above g-secs, 2% of NDTL • LAF - day to day mismatches in liquidity - bank, NBFC, DB, govt • OMOs - outright sale and purchase of g-secs - influence the volume of money and credit MSF Repo RRR Qualitative Tools -Selective Credit Controls - PSL • Rationing of Credit - max limits for a sector  • Marginal Requirement - set aside a certain percentage for safety • Moral suasion  Direct Action You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 1622 Prep Ezee
Economy 5-1 How banks Earn their profit? बैंक लाभ कैसे कमाते हैं?
 
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Chapter 5 Monetary Policy - Section 2 Functioning of banks PrepeZee explains how banks loan the money which they get through demand deposits and time deposits, and earn the spread. This spread is used to run operations. You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 679 Prep Ezee
Rashtriya Swashtya Bima Yojna (HFW1) - Govt Schemes in Depth
 
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Rashtriya Swashtya Bima Yojna Download notes here - http://prepezee.com/wp/rashtriya-swasthya-bima-yojana/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1
Views: 727 Prep Ezee
Economy 5-4 SLR Functions, Money Supply M1, M2, M3, M4, Market Stabilisation Scheme
 
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Chapter 5 Monetary Policy - Section 4 Funtions of SLR; Money Supply M1, M2, M3, M4; Market Stabilization Scheme SLR functions : • stability and consumer confidence - prevent bank run • Control liquidity — balance growth vs inflation • Provide funds to government • Checking speculation Money Supply: M1 - CU + DD M2 - M1 + Post office savings deposits  M3 - M1 + Net time deposits (excluding inter bank deposits) M4 - M3 + Total deposits with PO Savings organisations (excluding NSC) M1, M2 - narrow money M3, M4 - broad money M3 - most commonly used measure - called aggregate monetary resources  Market Stabilisation Scheme Issue bonds to absorb excess liquidity - dollars Extra dollars - buy by Rs - extra Rs - buy by bonds You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 774 Prep Ezee
Polity 1a - Regulating Act 1773 कैसे याद करें?
 
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Regulating Acts of 1773 How to remember it easily Download notes - http://prepezee.com/wp/regulating-act-1773/ You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 156 Prep Ezee
भारतीय मिसाइले - UPSC, SSC, IBPS, Railway परीक्षा के लिए
 
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भारतीय मिसाइले - क्रूज़ और ballistic मिसाइलो में अंतर - IGMDP - अग्नि - बराक - सागरिका - निर्भय - पृथ्वी - आकाश - ब्रह्मोस - त्रिशूल - पिनाका - नाग - HeliNa You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 159 Prep Ezee
India Nepal Relations
 
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Sections: Location Trade History India-Nepal Treaty of Cooperation Opportunities Irritants Madhesi Grievances on Constitution You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 2072 Prep Ezee
Economy 3-1 Economic Planning and Five Year Plans
 
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Chapter 3 Planning - Section 1 Five Year Plans History of Planning 1938 - National Planning Committee- under Nehru 1944 - Bombay Plan - JRD Tata, GD Birla, P Thakurdas People’s Plan - MN Roy - wages, employment Gandhian Plan - SN Agrawala - agriculture, cottage, employment 1956 - Nehru - Mahalanobis Model 1991 - Rao - Manmohan Model Objectives of Planning Self Reliance Growth Modernisation Social Justice Five Year Plans 1st - 1951-56 - Agriculture - KN Raj 2nd - 1956-61 - Heavy industry - Nehru-Mahalanobis - Self-reliance 3rd - 1961-66 - Balance - Self sustaining Economy - BoP issue Plan holidays - 1966-67, 67-68, 68-69 4th Plan - 1969-74 - Growth with Stability 5th Plan - 1974-79 - Growth with Social Justice Plan holidays - 1990-91, 91-92 Financial Resources for Planning Central Budget State Budget PSE Private sector FDI You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 473 Prep Ezee
(Hindi)All about Bail-in and FRDI Bill
 
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All about FRDI Bill and ‘bail-in’ Financial Resolution & Deposit Insurance Bill Aim - Creation of a framework for resolution of bankruptcy in financial firms (such as banks, nbfcs, insurance companies, pension funds, stock exchanges, depositories etc) IBC is for non-financial companies, FRDI is for financial companies. Establishes a Resolution Corporation, which replaces Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation estd under DICGC Act, 1962. Organisation - Chairperson and the members will include representatives from Finmin, RBI, SEBI etc. There are provisions of penalty for offences like concealment of property and destruction or falsification of evidence, upto 5 years. Resolution Corporation functions Monitor financial firms Anticipate risk of failure Take corrective action - prevention Resolution - if failure Also provide deposit insurance upto a limit (replaces DICGC) It may undertake investigations and search & seizure ops related to its functions Classification of financial firms on the basis of risk of failure: i. low ii. moderate iii. material iv. imminent v. critical For ‘critical’ firms RC will take over the management Resolution deadline - 1 year (can be extended for 1 more year) Methods of resolution: i. merger or acquisition ii. transferring the assets, liabilities and management to a temporary firm iii. liquidation If no resolution for 2 yrs, firm will be liquidated. Bail-in Bail out means use of tax-payer money to support a failing, but systemically important corporation. Eg - Air India Bail out may take the form of merging a failing entity into a larger entity to keep it afloat. Eg - BMB and other state banks into SBI Bail-in means use of lender’s money to rescue a failing entity. Eg- shareholders, depositors etc. Why we don't need to fear? Faith in government institutions Existing deposits cant be touched Cyprus - IMF, ECB, European Commission lend it
Views: 342 Prep Ezee
Economy 2-3 National Income Acconting GDP GNP NDP NNP National Income
 
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Chapter 2 National Income Acconting - Section 3 GDP GNP NDP NNP National Income GDP - Depreciation = NDP NDP - NFIA = NNP NNP @ MP - Indirect Tax + Subsidies = NNP @ FC NNP @ FC = National Income National Income = Per Capita Income You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 51 Prep Ezee
Economy 4-2 Fiscal Policy राजकोषीय नीति
 
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Chapter 4 Fiscal Policy - Section 2 Fiscal Policy Fiscal Policy राजकोषीय नीति It is determined by Finance Ministry It is related to Tax and expenditure Art 112 - Annual Financial Statement - Budget Revenue resources राजस्व संसाधन Capital resources वित्तीय संसाधन Plan - related to FYPs Non- Plan - interests, defence, subsidy, public administration(salaries) Revenue Receipts - Tax and Non Tax Tax - CT, IT, Excise, Customs, Service Tax, wealth tax(removed), gift tax, FBT(removed), ATM withdrawl tax Non tax - Interest, dividend, profits, User charges, grants in aid from bilateral and multilateral instts, Capital Receipts - Debt -  Market borrowings - public Borrowing from RBI and commercial banks Borrowing from other FIs thru sale of treasury bills Loans from bilateral and MIs Small savings(Post office, KVP, NSC, PFs) Non debt - Loan recovery, divestment Revenue expenditure - interest, defence, subsidy, PA, grants to states and others. It also includes maintenance and health, education Capital expenditure - Asset creation(Land, building, machinery, equipment), shares,  Loans repaid, Loans to states, UTs & PSEs Goals: growth equity agriculture social and physical infrastructure small scale industry location of industry export promotion You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 1898 Prep Ezee
Polity 1e - Morley Minto Reforms - Indian Councils Act 1909
 
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Morley Minto Reforms - Indian Councils Act 1909 Download notes - http://prepezee.com/wp/indian-councils-act-1909-morley-minto-reforms/ You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 58 Prep Ezee
Indian Neutrino Observatory Explained for UPSC
 
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INO explained with all minute details for UPSC You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 1218 Prep Ezee
Draft Model Land Leasing Tenancy Act- आदर्श ठेकेदारी क़ानून
 
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Model Tenancy Law (आदर्श ठेकेदारी क़ानून) 1. Current Position (वर्तमान स्तिथि) 2. Why tenancy was abolished (क्यों ठेकेदारी को समाप्त किया गया 3. Issues prevailing (वर्तमान समस्याए) 4. Features of the law (क़ानून की विशेषतायें) You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 108 Prep Ezee
Cambridge Analytica Case and its effect on India
 
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What is Cambridge Analytica? It is a private company which uses online data(from facebook) and analyses them to predict electoral results. For eg. Opinion Polls. Like Chanakya in India Who are the clients? - Donald Trump presidential Campaign - Brexit- Leave EU What is the Scam? In sting operations by Channel 4 news, CA's CEO Alxander Nix boasted that they could rig election results by using prostitutes, bribery sting, honey traps to entrap politicians. HE said that they even perpetrated fake news knowingly to tarnish image of politicians, while knowing that they are not true. Issues It obtained 50 million users data from facebook without their consent, from a private researcher, who posed as an academic to facebook. Implications - Right to privacy - Safety of Citizens - Security - Information loss without consent - Falsifying information - Against Democracy - Right to choose Manipulating public opinion You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 305 Prep Ezee
Plato - PSIR UPSC mains question discussion - 1
 
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This is a question of Political Science optional which appeared in 2000 mains. Until philosophers are kings. Or kings and princes of this world have the spirit and power of philosophy, cities will never have rest from evil (Plato) Sources: Wikipedia IGNOU notes An introduction to Political Theory - OP Gauba Shubhra Ranjan Ma'am notes A history of Political Thought - Sushila Ramaswamy
Views: 383 Prep Ezee
Economy 2-2 Real and nominal GDP explained
 
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Chapter 2 National Income Acconting - Section 2 Real and nominal GDP PrepeZee explains the difference between real and nominal GDP through a simple demo. Basically, real GDP factors out inflation, which is explained through mathematical data for simple understanding. You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 67 Prep Ezee
Draft Defence Production Policy 2018 - Vision, Aim, Features, Issues
 
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Current Affairs Topic - March 2018 Draft DPoP 2018 Need India remains the world’s largest defence buyer, importing 60-65 per cent of its defence needs. (SIPRI) DProP 2018 says India’s defence production has only gone up from Rs 437.46 billion in 2013-14 to Rs 558.94 billion in 2016-17. Even a 20 to 25 per cent reduction in imports could directly create an additional 100,000 to 120,000 highly skilled jobs in India Vision To make “India among the top five countries of the world in the aerospace and defence industries, with the active participation of the public and private sectors, fulfilling the objective of self-reliance as well as the demand of other friendly countries.” Aim • To create an environment that “encourages a dynamic, robust and competitive defence industry as an important part of the ‘Make in India’ initiative”. • To “reduce current dependence on imports and to achieve self-reliance in development and manufacture” of several weapon systems/platforms • To promote domestic production by the public and private sectors and the MSMEs (micro, small and medium enterprises) • make India a global leader in cyberspace and AI (Artificial Intelligence) technologies Main Target • Turnover of ₹1,70,000 crore (approximately $26 billion) in defence goods and services by 2025 • Additional investment of nearly ₹70,000 crore (about $10 billion) • Creating employment for nearly 2-3 million people Focus on 13 areas: Manufacturing fighter aircraft, medium lift and utility helicopters, warships, land combat vehicles, autonomous weapon systems, missile systems, gun systems, small arms, ammunition and explosives, surveillance systems, electronic warfare (EW) systems, communication systems, and night fighting enablers Other Features: Liberalization of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), by permitting up to 74% FDI under the automatic route, from current 49%. commits to building a 80-100 seater civilian aircraft within the next seven years two “defence industry corridors” – in Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh Promoting Exports: • exhibiting Indian capabilities in Defence Expo (in Chennai next month) and Aero India (on alternate years) • promoting exports through government-to-government agreements and offering lines of credit to buyer countries • setting up export offices in buyer countries • setting up a Defence Export Organization jointly with industry • hastening end-to-end export clearances ideas: encouraging automotive component manufacturers to upgrade skills to transition to aerospace design and manufacture conducting “hackathons” to resolve specific problem areas, for which Rs 10 billion would be earmarked for 2018-2022; setting up of Defence Innovation Hubs for encouraging start-ups emphasis on bringing micro, small and medium enterprises into defence manufacture Issues: • Exports: Arjun tank and Tejas fighter are ready for export. But when Indian army and IAF is not interested, there can not be realistic expectation from other armies to buy them. • In case of Naval vessels and Helicopters like dhruv, we do not have enough production capacity. • For missiles, values is an issues, as against China, which doesn’t think twice. • Production: Long processes like Rafale • Corruption issues like Bofors • Limited budget Outdated equipment You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 190 Prep Ezee
Economy 3-2 Everything about Niti Aayog in 14 mins
 
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Chapter 3 Planning - Section 2 NITi Aayog Planning Commission Estd in 1951 Non constitutional body Non statutory body Executive body Objectives of NITI Aayog Cooperative federalism Think tank of GoI Bottom-up approach Promote research and disseminate best practices Technology Upgradation and Capacity Building Monitoring of Schemes and Programmes Composition Chairman - PM Governing Council - CMs of states and UTs and administrators of UTs Regional Councils 4 Ministers - nominated by PM - ex-officio Vice - Chairperson - Dr Rajiv Kumar ( Arvind Panagariya) Members - 4 (VK Saraswat, Bibek Debroy, Ramesh Chand, Dr Vinod Paul) CEO - Amitabh Kant Secretariat Documents 15 year Vision document 7 year Strategy - mid term 3 yr Action Plan Initiatives 3 yr action agenda AMRUT Digital India AIM Draft leasing law APMC reforms - e NAM You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 108 Prep Ezee
CJI Impeachment - Imp Questions, Judges Enquiry Act 1968
 
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Q. The process for removal of CJI is- A) Constitutional process B) Statutory Process C) Executive Process D) None Q. Look at the statements below 1. Impeachment of CJI is a legislative decision 2. Impeachment of president is an executive decision. A) Statement 1 is false, but Statement 2 is true B) Statement 1 is true, but Statement 2 is false C) Both are true D) Both are false Context: On 12 January, 4 SC judges held a press conference accusing the CJI of bias in allotment of roster of important cases. On that basis, opposition has started collecting signatures of MPs for moving the motion in RS. Process as outlined in the Constitution of India: Article 124(4) • Grounds of Removal: Proved misbehavior or incapacity • Removal by special majority • Address passed by each house must be presented to president in the same session Rest process is as outlined in Judges Enquiry Act-1968: Q1 • Support of minimum 50 MPs needed in Rajya Sabha or 100 MPs in Lok Sabha to introduce the resolution. • Even then, speaker/ Chairman may refuse to admit it. • If admitted, speaker/chairman will constitute a 3-member committee to investigate the charges • The committee must have 1 member outside judiciary i.e. a distinguished jurist. One judge should be from SC and one should be a CJ of HC • Convention says that for the time being, the accused judge should recuse himself of his duties as a judge • If found guilty guilty by the committee, each house votes separately and must pass the motion by a special majority • If passed, the address is presented to President, who passes an order for removal of judge. For president, he stands impeached the day the motion is passed in the second house. Q2 You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 166 Prep Ezee
What is Prompt Corrective Action क्या है?
 
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Prompt Corrective Action What is PCA? It is basically a set of trigger points or alarms. When they are triggered, they led to RBI taking action to arrest further deterioration of health of weak banks. Eleven state-owned banks are under PCA and their share of advances and deposits as on March 31, 2018 stood at 18.5% and 20.8% respectively. What are the trigger points? There are 3 trigger points: 1. CRAR (Capital Reserve to Assets Ratio) 2. NPAs (Non Performing Assets) 3. RoA (Return on Assets) Impact of activation of PCA: 1. Banks are not allowed to renew or access costly deposits 2. Banks are not allowed to take steps to increase their fee-based income. 3. Banks will also have to launch a special drive to reduce the stock of NPAs and contain generation of fresh NPAs. 4. They will also not be allowed to enter into new lines of business. 5. RBI will also impose restrictions on the bank on borrowings from interbank market.  6. These banks have to set aside more capital against bad loans. 7. Restrictions are placed on dividend distribution, branch expansion and directors’ compensation.  Criticism: It denies the economy fresh credit. Defence: It will help clean up bank books and safeguard overall financial stability. Acharya underscored the point that without PCA, some banks would have been worse off than they are now, requiring more taxpayer money for recapitalisation. The government must provide capital to banks that build up their balance sheets to enable them to lend again. It also makes sense to allow a few state-ownedbanks to merge for valid commercial reasons, provided they meet stringent loss-absorbing capacity norms. Trigger Points CRAR (i) CRAR less than 9%, but equal or more than 6% (ii) CRAR less than 6%, but equal or more than 3% (iii) CRAR less than 3% NPAs (i) Net NPAs over 10% but less than 15% (ii) Net NPAs 15% and above ROA below 0.25% Structured and Discretionary Actions CRAR less than 9%, but equal or more than 6% Structured Actions • Submission and implementation of capital restoration plan by the bank • Bank will restrict expansion of its risk-weighted assets  • Bank will not enter into new lines of business • Bank will not access / renew costly deposits and CDs • Bank will reduce / skip dividend payments Discretionary Actions • RBI will order recapitalisation • Bank will not increase its stake in subsidiaries • Bank will reduce its exposure to sensitive sectors like capital market, real estate or investment in non-SLR securities • RBI will impose restrictions on the bank on borrowings from inter bank market • Bank will revise its credit / investment strategy and controls  CRAR less than 6%, but equal or more than 3% Structured Actions • All Structured actions as in earlier zone • Discussion by RBI with the bank’s Board on corrective plan of action • RBI will order recapitalisation • Bank will not increase its stake in subsidiaries • Bank will revise its credit / investment strategy and controls Discretionary Actions • Bank / Govt. to take steps to bring in new Management / Board • Bank will appoint consultants for business / organisational restructuring • Bank / Govt. to take steps to change promoters / to change ownership • RBI / Govt. will take steps to merge the bank if it fails to submit / implement recapitalisation plan or fails to recapitalise pursuant to an order, within such period as RBI may stipulate CRAR less than 3% Structured Actions • All Structured actions as in earlier zone • RBI will observe the functioning of the bank more closely • RBI / Govt. will take steps to merge / amalgamate / liquidate the bank or impose moratorium on the bank if its CRAR does not improve beyond 3% within one year or within such extended period as agreed to. Actions based on Net NPAs Net NPAs over 10% but less than 15% Structured Actions • Bank to undertake special drive to reduce the stock of NPAs and contain generation of fresh NPAs • Bank will review its loan policy • Bank will take steps to upgrade credit appraisal skills and systems • Bank will strengthen follow-up of advances including loan review mechanism for large loans • Bank will follow-up suit filed / decreed debts effectively • Bank will put in place proper credit-risk management polices / process / procedures / prudential limits • Bank will reduce loan concentration - individual, group, sector, industry, etc. Discretionary Actions • Bank will not enter into new lines of business • Bank will reduce / skip dividend payments • Bank will not increase its stake in subsidiaries You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 36 Prep Ezee
पाश्चात्य राजनैतिक विचार का परिचय
 
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पाश्चात्य राजनैतिक विचार का परिचय You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 186 Prep Ezee
National Medical Commission Bill 2017
 
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Please read the description for contents of the video: NMC bill, 2017: Recommended by Committee headed by Arvind Panagariya. The Bill seeks to regulate medical education and practice in India.  To meet this objective, the Bill repeals the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 and dissolves the current Medical Council of India  Some facts from hindu: • Art 47 of Constitution DPSP - Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health  • India has 10 Lakh medical professionals, but needs 3 lakh more. • 82% providers of modern medicine do not have a medical qualification. • Rural India, which accounts for 69% of the population, has just 21% doctors to serve them. • Only 60,000 MBBS doctors graduate every year. Need of the bill: 1. Separation of Regulatory Powers: MCI  regulates medical education as well as medical practice.  There have been recommendations(Ranjit Roy Chaudhury Committee) that all professional councils like the MCI, should be divested of their academic functions, which should be subsumed under an apex body for higher education to be called the National Commission for Higher Education and Research. There are four segregated verticals under it to look at: (i) under-graduate medical education, (ii) post-graduate medical education, (iii) accreditation of medical institutions, and (iv) the registration of doctors. 2. Elected Members in MCI: regulated elect the regulators, preventing the entry of skilled professionals for the job. 3. Fee Regulation: MCI, should not engage in fee regulation of private colleges.  Such regulation of fee by regulatory authorities may encourage an underground economy for medical education seats with capitation fees . 4. Ethics: no emphasis given to the enforcement of medical ethics in education and on instances of corruption noted within the MCI. 5. availability of adequate and high quality medical professionals 6. adoption of the latest medical research by medical professionals 7. periodic assessment of medical institutions 8. an effective grievance redressal mechanism 9. Relaxation of critria in special cases like difficult terrain or low population eg Arunachal 10. Bridge course for 7.7 Lakh AYUSH professionals to overcome the shortfall. Functions of NMC: 1. laying down policies for regulating medical institutions and medical professionals, 2. assessing the requirements of human resources and infrastructure in healthcare 3. ensuring compliance by the State Medical Councils with the regulations made under the Bill, 4. framing guidelines for determination of fee for up to 40% of the seats in the private medical institutions and deemed universities which are governed by the Bill. Members: The NMC will consist of 25 members, appointed by the central government. These posts will have a maximum term of four years, and will not be eligible for extension or reappointment. Bodies under NMC: • The Under-Graduate Medical Education Board (UGMEB) and the Post-Graduate Medical Education Board (PGMEB): These two bodies will be responsible for formulating standards, curriculum, guidelines, and granting recognition to medical qualifications at the under-graduate and post-graduate levels respectively; • The Medical Assessment and Rating Board: The Board will have the power to levy monetary penalties on institutions which fail to maintain the minimum standards as laid down by the UGMEB and the PGMEB.  It will also grant permissions for establishing new medical colleges; and • The Ethics and Medical Registration Board: The Board will maintain a National Register of all licensed medical practitioners, and regulate professional conduct.  Only those included in the Register will be allowed to practice as doctors. Exams: 1. NEET - for admission to MBBS 2. National Licentiate Exam - for obtaining licence and admission to PG You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 1276 Prep Ezee
Economy 2-1 Everything about GDP- in 15 minutes
 
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Chapter 2 National Income Acconting - Section 1 GDP Addition: - To understand the difference between real and nominal GDP, see https://youtu.be/IwnBN7bAAec Difference between Real and Nominal GDP: Nominal GDP - at current prices Real GDP - at base year prices - factors in inflation Base year - 2011-12 Base year criteria : Data available Minimum volatility As latest as possible Definition Total value of final goods and services produced within a territory during a given unit of time. final new (agent fees) Marketed Methods of Estimation 3 methods: 1. Income Approach - Land, Labour, Capital, Entrepreneurship Rent, Wages, Interest, Profit 2. Expenditure Approach - Consumption, Investment, Government, Net Exports 3. Output Approach - Value of Final goods and services Benefits of GDP Availability - all countries measure it. Comparison is easy Definitions are constant Shortcomings of GDP Inequality Double Counting Barter Economy Black Money/ Parallel Economy Informal Economy Care Economy Charity Environmental damage Gender issues Intangibles - leisure You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 260 Prep Ezee
Ayushman Bharat- National Health Protection Mission- आयुषमान भारत- राष्ट्रीय स्वास्थ्य सुरक्षा मि
 
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Ayushman Bharat- National Health Protection Mission Type - Centrally Sponsored Scheme Beneficiary - 10 Crore Poor family = 50 Crore Poor Indians(40% of population) Identified by - SECC. entitlement-based scheme with entitlement decided on the basis of deprivation criteria Budget - between Rs 20,000 crore and Rs 25,000 crore Subsumes - RSBY and Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS) Features - • Health cover of Rs 5 Lakh per family per year • Covers all secondary care and most tertiary care procedures • no cap on family size and age • cover will also include pre and post-hospitalisation expenses • All pre-existing conditions will be covered from day one • will also have a defined transport allowance for every time a person is hospitalised • In partnership with NITI Aayog, an IT platform that will entail a paperless, cashless transaction Need - • For hospitalisation, rural households primarily relied on their household income/savings (68 percent) and on borrowings (25 percent). • Urban households depended much more on their income/saving (75 percent) for financing hospitalisation expenses, than on borrowings (18 percent). Out of pocket (OOP) expenditure for healthcare in India is over 60 percent, which leads to nearly 6 million families slipping into poverty due to catastrophic health expenses. You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 458 Prep Ezee
Polity 1b - Pitts Act 1784 & Charter Act 1813
 
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Pitt’s India Act 1784 and Charter Act 1813 Download notes - http://prepezee.com/wp/pitts-india-act-of-1784-and-charter-act-of-1813-1833/ Pitt’s India Act 1784 Solved 2 issues - company's lack of control, gg's lack of control • It distinguished between the commercial and political functions of the Company. • It created a new body called Board of Control to manage the political affairs of the East India Company. It empowered the Board of Control to supervise and direct all operations of the civil and military government or revenues of the British possessions in India. • However, it allowed the Court of Directors to manage the commercial affairs. Thus, it established a system of double government. • The Governor-General’s council’s strength was reduced to three members. One of the three would be the Commander-in-Chief of the British Crown’s army in India. • The Governor-General was given the right of veto. Charter Act of 1813 • The Company's commercial monopoly was ended, except for the tea trade and the trade with China. • The Act expressly asserted the Crown's sovereignty over British India. • It allotted Rs 1,00,000 to promote education in Indian masses and allowed them to open anywhere anytime. This act permitted Christian missionaries to propagate English and preach their religion You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 95 Prep Ezee
Economy 5-5 Reserve Bank of India and its Functions
 
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Chapter 5 Monetary Policy - Section 5 RBI and its Functions Hilton Young Commission RBI Act 1934 1935 - Established 1949 - nationalized Functions: • monetary policy/ controller of credit • Lender of last resort • National clearing house • Bank of issue - Not Re 1. Indian Coinage Act - max rs 1000. RBI act - max 10,000 rs • Banker to GoI • Agent, adviser to GoI • Represents at IMF, BCBS • Custodian of foreign reserves • Supervision - 25% branches in rural areas Promotion You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 194 Prep Ezee
Economy 1-1 - An Introduction
 
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Chapter 1 Introduction - Section 1 This is the start of Economics series Economics is the study of the use of scarce resources which have alternative uses. - Lionel Robbins Combination of 2 words: Oikos - Family Nomos - Rules Adam Smith - Father of Economics You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 212 Prep Ezee
Life cycle of star तारे का जीवनकाल Chandrashekhar Limit
 
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Physical geography Life cycle of a star You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 22 Prep Ezee
Polity 1d - GoI Act 1858, Indian Councils Act 1861 and ICA 1892
 
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GoI Act 1858, Indian Councils Act 1861 and ICA 1892 Download notes here - http://prepezee.com/wp/goi-act-1858-indian-councils-act-1861-and-1892/ Government of India Act 1858 • The Company's territories in India were to be vested in the Queen, the Company ceasing to exercise its power and control over these territories. India was to be governed in the Queen's name. Here to all the property and other assets of the East India Company were transferred to the Crown. • The act abolished the system of double government. The Queen's Principal Secretary of State received the powers and duties of the Company's Court of Directors. For all the communications between Britain and India, the Secretary of State became the real channel. • A council of fifteen members was appointed to assist the Secretary of State for India. The council became an advisory body in India affairs. • The Secretary of State for India was empowered to send some secret dispatches to India directly without consulting the Council. He was also authorized to constitute special committees of his Council. • The Crown was empowered to appoint a Governor-General and the Governors of the Presidencies. Governor General also received the title of viceroy in relation with Indian states. • An Indian Civil Service was to be created under the control of the Secretary of State. Indian Councils Act 1861 • It transformed the Viceroy of India's executive council into a cabinet run on the portfolio system. This cabinet had six "ordinary members", who each took charge of a separate department in Calcutta's government: home, revenue, military, law, finance, and (after 1874) public works. • The military Commander-in-Chief sat in with the council as an extraordinary member. • The Executive Council was enlarged by addition of fifth member. This member was known as law member and the council was to be called Legislative council when it made laws. • The Viceroy was allowed to issue ordinances lasting six months if the Legislative Council is not in session in an emergency. • The 1861 Act restored the legislative powers of Bombay and Madras Presidencies taken away by the Charter Act of 1833. • The Governor General was given the power to create new provinces for legislative purposes and could appoint Lieutenant Governors for the provinces. • It made a beginning of representative institutions by associating Indians with the law-making process. It thus provided that the viceroy should nominate some Indians as non-official members of his expanded council. ○ In 1862, Lord Canning, the then viceroy, nominated three Indians to his legislative council—the Raja of Banaras, the Maharaja of Patiala and Sir Dinkar Rao. Indian Councils Act 1892 • It increased the size of the various legislative councils in British India. The number of non-official members was increased both in central and provincial legislative councils. The act provided for additional members in the central as well as provincial legislative councils. • The principle of representation was introduced. ○ The non-official members of Indian Legislative councils were henceforth to be nominated by Bengal chamber of commerce and provincial legislative council. ○ The universities, district board, municipalities, zamindars and chambers of commerce were empowered to recommend members to provincial councils. • It also relaxed restrictions imposed by the Indian Councils Act 1861, thus allowing the councils to discuss each year's annual financial statement. • They could also put questions within certain limits to the government on the matter of public interest after giving six days' notice, but none of them was given right to ask supplementary questions. Thus it prepared the base of Indian democracy. The act also increased the number of non-officials in councils to between 10 and 16, but provincial representation was abolished. The law member was made a permanent member. You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 112 Prep Ezee
(English)All about Bail-in and FRDI Bill
 
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All about FRDI Bill and ‘bail-in’ Financial Resolution & Deposit Insurance Bill Aim - Creation of a framework for resolution of bankruptcy in financial firms (such as banks, nbfcs, insurance companies, pension funds, stock exchanges, depositories etc) IBC is for non-financial companies, FRDI is for financial companies. Establishes a Resolution Corporation, which replaces Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation estd under DICGC Act, 1962. Organisation - Chairperson and the members will include representatives from Finmin, RBI, SEBI etc. There are provisions of penalty for offences like concealment of property and destruction or falsification of evidence, upto 5 years. Resolution Corporation functions Monitor financial firms Anticipate risk of failure Take corrective action - prevention Resolution - if failure Also provide deposit insurance upto a limit (replaces DICGC) It may undertake investigations and search & seizure ops related to its functions Classification of financial firms on the basis of risk of failure: i. low ii. moderate iii. material iv. imminent v. critical For ‘critical’ firms RC will take over the management Resolution deadline - 1 year (can be extended for 1 more year) Methods of resolution: i. merger or acquisition ii. transferring the assets, liabilities and management to a temporary firm iii. liquidation If no resolution for 2 yrs, firm will be liquidated. Bail-in Bail out means use of tax-payer money to support a failing, but systemically important corporation. Eg - Air India Bail out may take the form of merging a failing entity into a larger entity to keep it afloat. Eg - BMB and other state banks into SBI Bail-in means use of lender’s money to rescue a failing entity. Eg- shareholders, depositors etc. Why we don't need to fear? Faith in government institutions Existing deposits cant be touched Cyprus - IMF, ECB, European Commission lend it
Views: 115 Prep Ezee
Economy 4-3 Deficits, Expansionary, Contractionary Fiscal Policy, Budget Process घाटे, बजट प्रक्रिया
 
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Chapter 4 Fiscal Policy - Section 3 Deficits, Budget Process Deficits: Revenue Deficit = Revenue Receipts - Revenue Expenditure Fiscal Deficit = (Revenue Receipts + Non-debt Capital Receipts) - Total Expenditure Effective RD = RD - grants for creation of capital assets to states  Primary Deficit = FD - Interest Payments Net FD = Gross FD - loans to states FD target - 17-18 - 3.2% Max FD - 5.7% -(11-12) You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 50 Prep Ezee
Types of Voting Systems - FPTP, Proportional Representation System
 
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Types of Voting Systems - Aim - To understand how PR system helps parties and minorities and FPTP system is better for majority candidates Types of Plurality System 1. FPTP - First Past the Post System a. SMDP - Single Member District Plurality b. MMDP - Multi Member District Plurality 2. Two Round System 3. Instant Runoff System Types of Proportional Representation System 1. Party List Voting a. Closed List b. Open List 2. Mixed Member Proportional Voting System 3. Single Transferable Vote System Types of Semi-Proportional System 1. Cumulative Vote System 2. Limited Vote System For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com Follow us on Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ Twitter handle - Twitter - @prep_ezee You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1
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रूबिक क़यूब को बनाना सीखें - Learn to Solve Rubik's Cube the easy way - in hindi
 
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This is a step by step tutorial to solve rubik's cube in hindi. You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 1148 Prep Ezee
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojna (WCD1) - Govt Schemes in Depth
 
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Sukanya Samriddhi Yojna Download notes - http://prepezee.com/wp/sukanya-samriddhi-yojana/ You can subscribe to our Youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/c/Prepezee1 Twitter - @prep_ezee Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/prepezee/ For more details, concepts and questions, visit our website at www.prepezee.com
Views: 46 Prep Ezee

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