INDIA Railways were first introduced to India in the year 1853 from Mumbai to Thane. In 1951 the systems were nationalised as one unit, the Indian Railways, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad, metre and narrow gauges. It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities at several places in India, with assigned codes identifying their gauge, kind of power and type of operation. Its operations cover twenty nine states and seven union territories and also provide limited international services to Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Indian Railways is the world's seventh largest commercial or utility employer, by number of employees, with over 1.376 million employees as of last published figures in 2013. IR's rolling stock comprises over 245,267 Freight Wagons, 66,392 Passenger Coaches and 10,499 Locomotives (43 steam, 5,633 diesel and 4,823 electric locomotives). The trains have a 5 digit numbering system and runs 12,617 passenger trains and 7,421 freight trains daily. As of 31 March 2016, 27,999 km (17,398 mi) (41.59%) of the total 67,312 km (41,826 mi) route length was electrified. Since 1960, almost all electrified sections on IR use 25,000 Volt AC traction through overhead catenary of delivery. PAKISTAN Pakistan has a rich railway heritage spanning almost 200 years which it owes the British. It was in 1847 when the first railway was imagined but it was not until 1861 when it came into existence in the form of the railway built from Karachi to Kotri. Pakistan has stayed true to this rich heritage because since rail transport is possibly the most popular mode of non-independent transport in Pakistan.The railway authorities have set up a website with all information regarding availability, departure and arrival of all trains, which is updated time to time as required. Current system of Pakistan Railways is much more simple and straightforward as the fares and routes calculated as per requirement can be seen directly from website. Also that the reservations of passengers are confirmed by an SMS sent to his mobile containing the details of reservation. This can be stated as the milestone which is achieved in the sole history of Pakistan Railways.
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NHAI to develop Highway Villages The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) will develop ‘Highway Villages’ at 183 locations along National Highways across the country. Every Highway Village will be build on an area of five acre. It will have provision for rest and refreshment for highway commuters during their journey. There will also be parking for cars, buses and trucks, restaurant/food court, dhaba, fuel station, minor repair shop, rest rooms for passengers, dormitories for drivers, kiosks for sale of miscellaneous sundry items etc at these sites.
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Alstom is a leading supplier of train control systems for metros in India. In the past, under a transfer of technology agreement, Alstom provided rolling stock for India’s fastest trains - Shatabdi and Rajdhani – which include the Alstom-designed LHB coaches. Since then, Alstom has partnered in the development of several metros and has established a strong presence in India. Our centres of excellence in engineering and manufacturing offer end-to-end solutions for local and global markets. With more than 1800 experienced professionals, we 'Make in India' for India and the world.
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Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to conduct special operations. NATO defines special operations as "military activities conducted by specially designated, organized, trained, and equipped forces, manned with selected personnel, using unconventional tactics, techniques, and modes of employment". Special forces emerged in the early 20th century, with a significant growth in the field during the Second World War, when "every major army involved in the fighting" created formations devoted to special operations behind enemy lines. Depending on the country, special forces may perform some of the following functions: airborne operations, counter-insurgency, "counter-terrorism", foreign internal defense, covert ops, direct action, hostage rescue, high-value targets/manhunting, intelligence operations, mobility operations, and unconventional warfare.
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The cinema of India consists of films produced across India. Cinema as a medium has gained immense popularity in the country and as many as 1,600 films in various languages of India are produced annually. Indian films have also come to be followed throughout South Asia, the Greater Middle East, Southeast Asia and other countries. Dadasaheb Phalke is known as the father of Indian cinema.The Dadasaheb Phalke Award, for lifetime contribution to cinema, was instituted in his honour, by the Government of India in 1969, and is the most prestigious and coveted award in Indian cinema. The Cinema of Pakistan, or simply, Pakistani Cinema (Urdu: پاکستانی سنیما) refers to Pakistan's film industry. Most of the feature films shot in Pakistan are in Urdu, the national language, but may also include films in English, the official language, and regional languages such as Punjabi, Pashto, Balochi, and Sindhi. Lahore was the epicentre of Pakistani cinema and Pakistan's largest film industry was Lollywood after The film industry again shifted its base in Karachi & by 2007 Karachi has permanently become the Pakistani film and showbiz industry's headquarters.
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The Special Forces of India refer to those units which are under the direct command of the Indian military and specifically organised, trained, and are equipped to conduct and support special operations. The unit was created in 1966 by the Indian Army. During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, a small ad hoc force comprising volunteers from most infantry units from North India under Maj Megh Singh of the Brigade of the Guards, operated along and behind enemy lines. The performance of this force made the powers that be sit up and take notice of the contribution and necessitated the raising of unconventional forces. Forming the nucleus of the new force from the volunteers of the then-disbanded Meghdoot Force, a battalion was raised to be part of the Brigade of Guards, but paratrooping being an integral part of commando tactics, the unit was transferred to the Parachute Regiment. Raised in July 1966, 9th Battalion, The Parachute Regiment (Commando) was the first special operations unit. Exactly to the date, 1st July, 1967, 10 Para Commando was raised by splitting 9 Para Commando at Gwalior. The Para Commandos were first deployed in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, with 9 Para Cdo capturing the heavy gun battery at Mandhol in Poonch, J&K. They took part in the 1984 Operation Blue Star. They were deployed in Sri Lanka in 1980s during India's involvement in the civil war, codenamed Operation Pawan. They also saw action in the Operation Cactus in 1988 in Maldives and in the 1999 Kargil War. India: Foreign Policy & Government Guide. International Business Publications. The list of PARA (SF) 1 PARA (SF) (Raised 1961, converted to para role in 1945, became part of para regt in 1952, converted to commando in 1978) 2 PARA (SF) (Ex-3 Maratha LI, converted to special forces in 1999.) 3 PARA (SF) (Ex-1st Kumaon, converted to special forces in 2000) 4 PARA (SF) (Raised 1961, converted to special forces in 2001) 9 PARA (SF) (Raised in 1966, the first dedicated special forces unit of the Indian Army) 10 PARA (SF) (Raised 1967) 11 PARA (SF) (Raised 2011) 21 PARA (SF) (Raised 1996)
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1.tejas express: The train has got all the ultra-modern amenities like on-board infotainment, wi-fi, CCTV, fire and smoke detection facilities, tea and coffee vending machine etc. General manager of central railway, who inspected the train at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai (CSTM), on Sunday. 2.vistadome coach: The coach boasts features like a glass roof, a set of LED lights, a GPS-based information system, and seats that rotate 360 degrees. Araku Valley in Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh is a major tourist attraction in South India. The hill station is known for its heritage sites like Borra Caves, Ananthagiri Waterfalls, Lambasingi, and other beautiful ghat views.
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The Bengali language film industry is centered in the Tollygunge neighborhood of the city of Kolkata, West Bengal and has been known by the nickname Tollywood, a portmanteau of the words Tollygunge and Hollywood , since 1932. A 2014 report stated that while there were about 100 films created in Tollywood every year, fewer than ten percent were breaking even financially.
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The Indian Navy has been focusing on developing indigenous platforms, systems, sensors and weapons as part of the nation's modernisation and expansion of its maritime forces. As of 2014 the Indian Navy has 41 vessels of various types under construction including; an aircraft carrier, destroyers, frigates, corvettes, conventional and nuclear-powered submarines. In 2013 a senior naval official, Rear Admiral Atul Kumar Jain, outlined the Indian Navy's intention to build a 200 ship navy over a 10-year period. According to Chief of Naval Staff Admiral RK Dhowan, India has transformed from a buyer's navy to a builder's navy. All 41 ships under construction are being produced indigenous in Indian ships yards, both publicly and privately owned. However some projects have suffered from long delays and cost overruns. Increasing People's Liberation Army Navy interest in the Indian Ocean region has led the Indian Navy to invest more in anti-submarine ships, such as the Kamorta-class corvette, long-range maritime reconnaissance aircraft, and ships such as the Saryu-class patrol vessel and unmanned aerial vehicles such as the IAI Heron-1. However the lack of a strong submarine fleet have diminished its capabilities to some extent.
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(List of Public sector banks in India) There are currently 27 public sector banks in India out of which 19 are nationalised banks and 6 are SBI and its associate banks, and rest two are IDBI Bank and Bharatiya Mahila Bank, which are categorised as other public sector banks.
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The HSTDV is an unmanned scramjet demonstration aircraft for hypersonic speed flight. The HSTDV program is run by the Indian Defence Research and Development Organisation.
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Development In June 2010, Pipavav shipyard secured a contract worth ₹ 2,600 crore (about $553.5 million) from the Indian Ministry of Defence (MoD) to build five naval offshore patrol vessels (NOPVs) for the Indian Navy. In DEFEXPO 2014, Pipavav shipyard released a new design for the class. In June 2016, it was reported that the shipyard is now accelerating work on the delayed order where the first ship was supposed to be delivered in early 2015. As per the revised schedule the first ship will now be delivered in early 2017 and all ships will be ready for induction by the end of 2017. The ships are being constructed in 2 batches of two and three ships with a shorter delivery schedule for the second batch
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Tata Motors has launched a series of eco-friendly buses in India. This range includes Starbus Hybrid (12 m) and Ultra Starbus Electric (9 m & 12 m). The company has also showcased India's first fuel cell bus (12 m), an LNG-powered bus and an articulated bus (18 m). The Starbus Hybrid uses an electric-diesel powertrain that works in a series hybrid layout. The diesel engine is BSIV compliant. It is built on a modular platform and is complaint with all UBS-II (Urban Bus Specifications), AIS 051 (Automotive Industry Standards) and CMVR (Central Motor Vehicle Rules). It uses lithium ion phosphate batteries to power the electric motors. Features on offer include electronically controlled air suspension, electronically controlled brakes, automatic transmission and regenerative braking system. Tata Motors claims that during an average city trip, the hybrid bus runs on pure electric mode for 30-35% of the total travel duration and thus reduces fuel consumption by 25-30%. The Electric bus is built on Tata Motors' Ultra platform and is available in two variants - 9 m and 12 m. It has a semi-low floor of 650 mm. The Starbus Electric bus comes with CCTV cameras and telematics. It also features a GPS-enabled Intelligent Transport System (ITS), which indicates its expected time of arrival at all route bus stops. The automaker has also showcased the Starbus Fuel Cell bus, which was unveiled at the 2012 Auto Expo. It uses a hydrogen fuel cell, which combines compressed hydrogen with oxygen from the air to produce electricity. The bus has been developed in association with ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation). Meanwhile, the 18-metre long articulated bus showcased by Tata Motors, is an attempt to increase the capacity of city transport buses from 50-80 passengers to around 120 passengers. Since articulated buses come with more doors that are also larger in size, they offer rapid simultaneous boarding and disembarking capabilities. Wider doors also make them easily accessible to differently-abled passengers and the elderly. Tata Motors suggests that articulated buses are suitable for bus rapid transit systems (BRTS). Since these buses have more passenger capacity and employ less staff per passenger, they are also expected to help in enhancing revenue.
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USHUS is an integrated sonar system developed by the Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL) of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), India, for use in submarines of the Indian Navy. It is primarily designed to be used in Sindhughosh class submarines, though it is reported to be fitted in the Arihant-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines as well. USHUS is reported to be superior to its Russian equivalents.
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HAL Medium Lift Helicopter HAL is planning to develop a Medium Lift Helicopter in the 10-15 ton class. It is currently looking for foreign partners either from Russia or France-based Eurocopter. HAL has plans of producing around 350 medium lift helicopters. The 10-tonne helicopter would be offered to the Indian Navy to meet its requirement for heavy-lift helicopters. In July 2009, HAL cancelled an active tender for the co-development of the helicopter for which Eurocopter and Mil Helicopters had been shortlisted as potential technology and investment partners. HAL informed the two companies that the tender had to be scrapped because the qualitiative requirements of the armed forces have substantially changed. A fresh tender was scheduled to be out in September.
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Rustom-II, India’s indigenously developed long-endurance combat-capable drone, successfully completed its maiden flight on Wednesday, giving a boost to India’s development programme for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV). The Defence Research and Development Organisation successfully carried out the maiden flight of TAPAS 201 (RUSTOM-II), a Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) UAV. It has an endurance of 24 hours and can conduct surveillance and reconnaissance missions for the country’s armed forces. The UAV can also be used as an unmanned armed combat vehicle on the lines of the US’s Predator drone. The test flight took place from Aeronautical Test Range (ATR), Chitradurga, 250 km from Bangalore, which is a newly developed flight test range for the testing of UAVs and manned aircraft. The flight accomplished the main objectives of proving the flying platform, such as take-off, bank, level flight and landing among others, a statement by the defence ministry said. TAPAS 201 has been designed and developed by Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), the Bangalore-based lab of DRDO with HAL-BEL as the production partners. The UAV weighing two tonnes was put into air by a dedicated team of young scientists of DRDO. It was piloted (external and internal) by the pilots from the armed forces. It is also the first R&D prototype UAV, which has undergone certification and qualification for the first flight from the Center for Military Airworthiness & Certification (CEMILAC) and Directorate General of Aeronautical Quality Assurance (DGAQA) TAPAS 201, a multi-mission UAV is being developed to carry out Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) roles for the three armed forces with an endurance of 24 hours. It is capable to carry different combinations of payloads like Medium Range Electro Optic (MREO), Long Range Electro Optic (LREO), Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), Electronic Intelligence (ELINT), Communication Intelligence (COMINT) and Situational Awareness Payloads (SAP) to perform missions during day and night. Many critical systems such as airframe, landing gear, flight control and avionics sub-systems are being developed in India with the collaboration of private industries. Rustom-II will undergo further trials for validating the design parameters, before going for User Validation Trials.
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Plan for watching a newly released film with your parents, spouse or friends, go to the cinema, sit on the wonderful seats and enjoy the movie. This is what every one of us usually does i.e. just plan, pay and enjoy. However, behind these few hours of enjoyment lies the relentless efforts of hundreds or even thousands of filmmakers and staff. They work relentlessly for years just for the sake of the glowing and glittering screens of cinemas for everyone to enjoy. Film-making is a lengthy, mentally and physically excruciating process which involves the simultaneous work of many different departments in synchronization to make what is called a “hit film”. The main departments include screenwriting, cinematography, actors, pre-production, post-production, distribution and much more! These main departments are all classified as part of a film industry. Just as in every workplace, there are some extraordinarily talented individuals, similarly amongst film industries, some top the lists with respect to the total annual amount made from films. Using this classification, we have summarized the top 10 biggest film industries in the following rundown: Top 10 Film Industries in The World 2016 world top 10 film industry
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Tejas Express will be a semi high speed train brand of Indian railways to be introduced with modern on board facilities. Tejas Express is set to roll out in 2017. The coaches are manufactured at Rail Coach Factory. It will operate at a speed of 130 kmph. Coaches will have Bio-vacuum toilets, water level indicators, tap sensors, hand dryers, integrated braille displays, LED TV for each passenger with phone sockets, local cuisine, celebrity chef menu, WiFi, tea and coffee vending machines, magazines, snack tables, CCTV cameras, fire & smoke detection and suppression system. The fares will be 20% to 30% more than shatabdi fares. Anand Vihar Terminal - Lucknow Junction Tejas Express - Six days a week Delhi - Chandigarh Tejas Express - Six days a week Mumbai CST - Karmali Tejas Express - Five days a week
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500, Rs 2000 New notes, All you need to know. !!Original or Fake!! Front side features 1. Seethrough numeral 2000 2. Denominational numeral २००० in Devnagari 3. Portrait of Mahatma Gandhi at the centre 4. Micro letters ‘RBI’ and ‘2000’ on the left side of the banknote 5. Windowed security thread with inscriptions ‘भारत’, RBI and 2000 on banknotes with colour shift. Colour of the thread changes from green to blue when the note is tilted 6. Ashoka Pillar emblem on the right and Mahatma Gandhi portrait and electrotype (2000) watermarks 7. For visually impaired: Intaglio or raised printing of Mahatma Gandhi portrait, Ashoka Pillar emblem, bleed lines and identity mark 8. Horizontal rectangle with 2000 in raised print on the right 9. Seven angular bleed lines on left and right side in raised print Back side features 1. Swachh Bharat logo with slogan 2. Motif of Mangalayan 3. Denominational numeral २००० in Devnagari
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Over the past few years, Indian Railways has been working strong and steady to connect the North-East with the rest of India, thereby laying the foundation for greater progress in the region. The 111 km-long Jiribam-Tupul-Imphal railway line is one of the many initiatives being undertaken by the them in the region. Being constructed since 2008, it will have the India’s longest tunnel, along with the world’s tallest girder rail bridge. According to Imphal Free Press, the upcoming railway line will have nine stations, including three major stations – Khongsang, Noney, and Imphal. Other stations being built on the track include Dholakhal, Kaimai Road, Haipo Jadonang (Kambiron), Thingou, Tupul and Haochang Road. The total cost of the project is said to be Rs 5,996 crore. we reupload this Video for some Youtube Problem: now you can watch this , link is here watch this video - https://youtu.be/67CBTbgFCHc Please Subscribe My Channel: Like & Share https://www.youtube.com/user/Arenyishu thank you
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Today we are going to list Top cities in India by their net Gross Domestic Product. GDP usually shows the growth of a particular country, state or city. This list is created according to the nominal GDP of different cities. We have also mentioned GDP per Capita of every city. Now first thing that needs to be cleared is what is GDP? GDP or Gross Domestic Product is total market value of all final goods and services produced in a country state or city with in a given period of time. In a same way GDP per capita is considered as an indicator of country’s, City’s or state’s standard of living. Increase in GDP shows how much a particular country has grown with in given time. So after getting little bit detail about GDP lets find out which are the top cities in India with Highest GDP which also shows growth of the city.
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TaMo RaceMo sports car from Tata Motors will India’s first middle engine sports car which is likely to launch in India by December this year. TaMo, Tata Motors sub-brand showcased its first sports car at 2017 Geneva Motor Show this month which soon grabbed the eye balls of auto enthusiast not only in India but also globally. Christened as TaMo RaceMo, it is Tata’s first ever mid-engined sports car which is expected to launch in India by the end of this year. Moreover, the sports car will be produced in limited numbers and each produced vehicle will be numbered as seen on the pre-production models showcased at Geneva Auto Show with 001 and 002 numbers.
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Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency and a payment system invented by an unidentified programmer, or group of programmers, under the name of Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin was introduced on 31 October 2008 to a cryptography mailing list, and released as open-source software in 2009. There have been various claims and speculation concerning the identity of Nakamoto, none of which are confirmed. The system is peer-to-peer and transactions take place between users directly, without an intermediary. These transactions are verified by network nodes and recorded in a public distributed ledger called the blockchain, which uses bitcoin as its unit of account. Since the system works without a central repository or single administrator, the U.S. Treasury categorizes bitcoin as a decentralized virtual currency. Bitcoin is often called the first cryptocurrency, although prior systems existed[note and it is more correctly described as the first decentralized digital currency.Bitcoin is the largest of its kind in terms of total market value. Bitcoins are created as a reward for payment processing work in which users offer their computing power to verify and record payments into a public ledger. This activity is referred to as mining and miners are rewarded with transaction fees and newly created bitcoins. Besides being obtained by mining, bitcoins can be exchanged for other currencies, products, and services. When sending bitcoins, users can pay an optional transaction fee to the miners. In February 2015, the number of merchants accepting bitcoin for products and services passed 100,000. Instead of 2–3% typically imposed by credit card processors, merchants accepting bitcoins often pay fees in the range from 0% to less than 2%. Despite the fourfold increase in the number of merchants accepting bitcoin in 2014, the cryptocurrency did not have much momentum in retail transactions. The European Banking Authority and other sources have warned that bitcoin users are not protected by refund rights or chargebacks. The use of bitcoin by criminals has attracted the attention of financial regulators, legislative bodies, law enforcement, and media. Criminal activities are primarily focused on darknet markets and theft, though officials in countries such as the United States also recognize that bitcoin can provide legitimate financial services. Bitcoin has been compared to a form of digital money that uses various processes securing transactions "between untrusted third parties, without the need for a central authority or bank.
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This is a list of the highest grossing Tamil language films, generally produced in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, particularly in the Chennai neighborhood of Kodambakkam, India. Tamil films are also produced in Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore and Canada. Box office figures in India are not tracked officially and reliable sources estimate the results. These lists include net figures, i.e. after tax reduction), highest opening days, highest opening weeks.
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In November 2015, the rail ministry, awarded a Rs 14,000-crore contract to General Electric to set up a diesel electric locomotive factory in Marhowra, Bihar. The bid for Madhepura factory for building modern electric locomotives, was awarded to the French company Alstom. These two projects were showcase projects and huge investments of around Rs 40,000 crore over the next five years was expected for the two projects. However, with the recent change in dispensation at the railways ministry, the focus has now shifted to a complete elimination of diesel locomotives and a promotion of electric engines. The govt. has therefore considering bringing the curtains down on the Marhowra plant as it wants to focus its resources in scaling up of electrification of the entire rail network. Investment at the Marhowra factory was calculated at a little above Rs 2,000 crore. It was to manufacture at least 1,000 diesel locomotives over 10 years. This change of gear by the govt post award of a contract may cast a shadow on the investor sentiment, given the project's huge foreign direct investment component. The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances. New Delhi: General Electric's first diesel-electric locomotives arrived in India on Wednesday, kicking off the US conglomerate's $2.5 billion plan to supply 1,000 such engines. "It is the first of 40 locomotives that has been imported to India from the U.S. The remaining 960 will be built at GE's Brilliant Factory, which is being constructed at Marhowra in Bihar, and will open in 2018," GE said in a statement on Wednesday. The railways was debating the need to purchase diesel-powered locomotives as it is turning to electric power to haul trains, but last month, GE had cautioned the Indian government of substantial cost that it would incur, besides hurting the future investment in the country, if it made changes to the joint venture it signed with the company in 2015. The Indian government, which is looking to achieve 100% electrification of the railway network, has already offered GE to manufacture electric locomotives at their upcoming unit in Bihar. If the government pulls out of the joint venture, it will have to pay Rs 1,300 crore to the company. However, it has also estimated a saving of about Rs 8,000 crore per year on account of an all-electric rail network in the country. "Through this project, we're creating a robust supply chain ecosystem in India, and will localize more than 70 percent of all content. We're proud of the more than 6,000 jobs, that have been created by GE in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, and remain committed to our work in the country," said Vishal Wanchoo,president and CEO, GE South Asia. Please Subscribe My Channel: Like & Share https://www.youtube.com/user/Arenyishu thank you
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The army has pitched in tents, indicating that they are unlikely to retreat unless there was reciprocity from China's People's Liberation Army personnel in ending the face-off at an altitude of around 10,000 feet in the Sikkim section. "When the Indian government attaches great importance to its relationship with China, it keeps a tight grip on anti-China political activities on its soil. However, when it is dissatisfied or has conflicts with Beijing, the Tibet card is played up. But India may overestimate the influence of Tibetan exiles. With the rise of China and as Tibet becomes better off, Tibetan independence runs counter to the will of Tibetans. The space for Tibetan separatists has been largely squeezed as more Western countries have snubbed the Dalai Lama. The Tibet card is gradually losing its value. If New Delhi is pulling the strings of the Tibetan exiles' political act of flag-hoisting, it will only have burned itself." "Even if India were requested to defend Bhutan's territory, this could only be limited to its established territory, not the disputed area. Otherwise, under India's logic, if the Pakistani government requests, a third country's army can enter the area disputed by India and Pakistan, including India-controlled Kashmir."
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DRDO AEW&CS: The DRDO Airborne Early Warning and Control System (AEWACS) is a project of India's Defence Research and Development Organisation to develop an airborne early warning and control system for the Indian Air Force. In 2003, the Indian Air Force (IAF) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) carried out a joint study of the system-level requirements and feasibility of development for an Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEWAC) system. The government then approved the project for the development of the AEWAC system by DRDO. Primary responsibility for the project was with DRDO's Bengaluru-based Centre for Airborne Systems (CABS), which led the design, system integration and testing of the system. LRDE was responsible for the design of the radar array. Defence Electronics Application Laboratory, based in Dehradun, was responsible for the Data Link and Communication Systems for AEW&CS. Development history: The DRDO AEWACS programme aims to deliver three radar-equipped surveillance aircraft to the Indian Air Force. The aircraft platform selected was the Embraer ERJ 145. Three ERJ 145 were procured from Embraer at a cost of US $300 Million, including the contracted modifications to the airframe. The project goal was to deploy these AEW&C aircraft by 2013. India's sole previous effort to develop an AEWAC system was the Airborne Surveillance Platform, but the programme, codenamed Airavat, was ended after the only test-bed crashed. The AEW&C project aimed to supplement the larger and more capable EL/W-2090 AWACS acquired by the IAF from Israel. Three EL/W-2090 systems have been ordered, with follow-on orders of 3 more expected in 2010. Apart from providing the IAF with a cheaper and hence, more flexible AEW&C platform as a backup to its more capable EL/W-2090 class systems, the DRDO AEW&C project aimed to develop the domestic ability to design and operationalise airborne surveillance platforms. The delivery of six additional systems ordered in October 2010 is to begin from 2015. In June 2010, it was reported that the Indian Air Force is said to be looking at acquiring up to 20 additional systems, in addition to the existing systems on order. Future Development: DRDO and the Bengaluru-based Centre for Air Borne Systems (CABS) have launched a new project to build larger and more capable AWACS. Initially, two AWACS aircraft will be developed, with four more to follow at a later stage. Clearances for the project were received from the government in January 2013. drdo new weapons 2017
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How to Identify new indian notes of Rs 500 !! Obverse: 1. See through register in denominational numeral. 2. Latent image of the denomination numeral. 3. Denomination numeral in Devanagari. 4. Orientation and relative position of Mahatma Gandhi portrait changed. 5. Windowed security thread changes colour from green to blue when note is tilted. 6. Guarantee clause, Governor's signature with promise clause and RBI emblem tilted towards right. 7. Portrait and electrotype watermarks. 8. Number panel with numerals growing from small to big on the top left side and bottom right side. 9.Denomination in numerals with rupee symbol in colour changing ink (green to blue) on bottom right. 10. Ashoka pillar emblem on the right. For visually impaired: Raised printing of Mahatma Gandhi portrait, Ashoka pillar emblem, based and identification mark. 11. Circle with Rs 500 in raise print on the right. 12. Five bleed lines on left and right in raised print. Reverse 13. Year of printing of the note on left. 14. Swachh Bharat logo with slogan. 15. Language panel towards centre. 16. Red Fort- an image of Indian heritage site with Indian flag. 17. Denomination numeral in Devanagari on right.
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in a sudden address to the nation, announced that Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 denomination notes are being withdrawn from midnight. He said that such notes will become "mere paper". Indian Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi announced that starting from midnight 8th November 2016, all ₹1000 notes will not be accepted as a form of legal tender, although new ₹500 and ₹2000 notes were unveiled, no new ₹1000 were shown, there are however some exceptions. This was done to stop the counterfeiting of the current notes.
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This is a list of mobile operators of India as of December 2016. Telecommunication has supported the socioeconomic development of India and has played a significant role to narrow down the rural-urban digital divide to some extent. It also has helped to increase the transparency of governance with the introduction of e-governance in India. The government has pragmatically used modern telecommunication facilities to deliver mass education programmes for the rural folk of India.
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Date : Aug 18, 2017 RBI Introduces 50 banknote in Mahatma Gandhi (New) Series The Reserve Bank of India will shortly issue ₹ 50 denomination banknotes in the Mahatma Gandhi (New) Series, bearing signature of Dr. Urjit R. Patel, Governor, Reserve Bank of India. The new denomination has motif of Hampi with Chariot on the reverse, depicting the country’s cultural heritage. The base colour of the note is Fluorescent Blue. The note has other designs, geometric patterns aligning with the overall colour scheme, both at the obverse and reverse. All the banknotes in the denomination of ₹ 50/- issued by the Reserve Bank in the earlier series will continue to be legal tender.
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The bright yellow coloured Rs. 200 notes will hit the market just a day after the finance minister gave go-ahead to the Reserve Bank of India or RBI to issue the new currency bill. RBI To Issue New Rs 200 Note ₹200 Notes Launched: All You Need To Know (INDIA) 2017
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Hardware components required and their purpose: 1. Arduino UNO board 2. Bluetooth Receiver HC-05 3. DC motor 4. Motor driver 5. Wheels 6. Battery Arduino UNO board: This is the brain of this robot in which the program is loaded to do the required functioning and is interfaced with Bluetooth module and the motor driver to make the system work as required. Bluetooth Receiver HC-05: This module is capable of communicating with PC, mobile phone or any other Bluetooth enabled device. It is interfaced with the microcontroller over the serial UART port of micro-controller. DC Motor: This motor is controlled with DC voltages and can move in forward and backward direction according to the polarity of the voltage applied. Motor driver : Microcontrollers can’t supply the current required by DC motor to run. So, to fulfill this requirement these motor driver ICs are used. Battery: This is used to give appropriate dc power supply to microcontroller, driver IC sensors and the other passive components of the robot. Wheels: In it three wheels are employed, two at rear end and one at front end. Rear wheels are attached with the motors and also control the steering of robot. Front wheel is the loose steered wheel which moves in the direction of the pressure applied to it. 89S51 MICROCONTROLLERS The AT89S51 is a low-power, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcontroller with 4K bytes of in-system programmable Flash memory. The device is manufactured using Atmel's high-density nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible with the industr y-standard 80C51 instruction set and pinout. The on-chip Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed in-system or by a conventional nonvolatile memory programmer. By combining a versatile 8-bit CPU with in-system programmable Flash multiplexer In electronics, a multiplexer (or mux) is a device that selects one of several analog or digital input signals and forwards the selected input into a single line. A multiplexer of 2n inputs has n select lines, which are used to select which input line to send to the output. Multiplexers are mainly used to increase the amount of data that can be sent over the network within a certain amount of time and bandwidth. A multiplexer is also called a data selector. Multiplexers can also be used to implement Boolean functions of multiple variables. An electronic multiplexer makes it possible for several signals to share one device or resource, for example one A/D converter or one communication line, instead of having one device per input signal. Conversely, a demultiplexer (or demux) is a device taking a single input signal and selecting one of many data-output-lines, which is connected to the single input. A multiplexer is often used with a complementary demultiplexer on the receiving end. Motor Drivers A motor driver is a little current amplifier; the function of motor drivers is to take a low-current control signal and then turn it into a higher-current signal that can drive a motor. There are many different kinds of motor drivers. At Future Electronics we stock many of the most common types categorized by maximum supply voltage, maximum output current, rated power dissipation, load voltage, packaging type and number of outputs. The parametric filters on our website can help refine your search results depending on the required specifications. The most common values for maximum supply voltage are 36 V and 52 V. We also carry motor drivers with supply voltage up to 450 V. The number of outputs can be between 1 and 12, with the most common motor drivers having 1, 2 or 4 outputs. Bluetooth Receiver Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485 GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs). Invented by telecom vendor Ericsson in 1994, it was originally conceived as a wireless alternative to RS-232 data cables. It can connect several devices, overcoming problems of synchronization DC motor A DC motor is any of a class of electrical machines that converts direct current electrical power into mechanical power.
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Bollywood is the sobriquet for the Hindi language film industry based in Mumbai, India. It is more formally referred to as Hindi cinema. The term "Bollywood" is often loosely used as a synecdoche to refer to the whole of Indian cinema; however, Bollywood proper is only a part of the larger Indian film industry, which includes other production centres producing films in many other Indian languages. Bollywood is one of the largest film producers in India, representing 43% of the net box office revenue, while Telugu and Tamil cinema represent 36%, and the rest of the regional cinema constitutes 21% as of 2014. Bollywood is also one of the largest centers of film production in the world. Bollywood is also one of the biggest film industries in the world in terms of the number of people employed and the number of films produced. In 2011, over 3.5 billion tickets were sold across the globe which in comparison is 900,000 tickets more than Hollywood. Bollywood produced 252 films in 2014 out of a total of 1969 films produced in Indian cinema.
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How to Identify new indian coin of Rs 10 !! Original or Fake 2016 (All you need to know) First a rumour that Rs 10 coins had been declared invalid by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and then reports of the a splurge in counterfeit coins in the market have led to several shop owners and people shying away from accepting the coin these days. Recently, an inter-state fake currency racket was busted by Delhi Police and a large cache of counterfeit was seized during raids at hideouts in Delhi, Rajasthan, and Haryana. The fake coins circulated in the market look exactly like real and anyone can be deceived by them. But you can easily identify them by having a close observation. Here we have compiled some difference between fake and real coins that can help you spot the counterfeit coins.
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Security of India's longest bridge Dhola Sadiya located on the Brahmaputra river in Assam has been increased after getting input from Intelligence Bureau that it can be harmed. Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the country’s longest bridge over the Lohit river in Assam on the third anniversary of his government and said the NDA dispensation was working to make the northeast a trade hub for southeast Asia. Dedicating to the nation the 9.15 km-long bridge, named after Dadasaheb Phalke awardee and legendary lyricist-singer Bhupen Hazarika who hailed from Sadiya, he said it will serve as the foundation for a new economic revolution and help India in its efforts to become a superpower. It was a major achievement for India.Assam's police said, we have got some input regarding danger to Bhupen Hazarika bridge. According to source, discussion about handing over bridge to CISF is going on.However The bridge is said to withstand the weight of a 60-tonne battle tank. So its not easy to cause any harm to it. DIBRUGARH: India's longest river bridge, capable of withstanding the weight of a 60-tonne battle tank, will be inaugurated in Assam close to the border with China on May 26 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
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This is a list of Bollywood films that are scheduled to be released in 2017
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