Our country is a land of natural beauty.
The nature has ornamented this country with Hills, Rivers, Forests and the mighty Ocean.
Numerous species of plants and animals spread in all these areas, which formed the biodiversity of this country.
Various species of plants and animals singularly or together have built some unique ecosystems in different environments.
As these plants and animals are keeping the balance of the environment and at the same time providing human with foods, cloths, habitation, medicines etc.
But presently our environment is being harmed due to various natural disasters, climate change, and manmade causes.
Our water bodies are being filled up by unplanned industrialization & urbanization and the aquatic ecosystems are being destroyed due to the pollution of water bodies.
Our fish resource is being threatened the most.
The chemical fertilizers and insecticides used in the agricultural lands are being washed out to the adjacent wetlands.
As a result, different species of indigenous fish and other aquatic animals are dying by toxic reaction.
Already many fish species of our country are at the brink of extinction.
Additionally, the scarcity of pure water is increasing due to different types of water pollution.
The plants are inseparable part of our nature.
Without plants there will be no life on earth.
But, we are doing irreplaceable harm to our nature by arbitrarily cutting trees and destroying forests.
The amount of CO2 in the atmosphere is increasing due to deforestation.
So, the Earth’s temperature is rising.
Melted ice of the Arctic is increasing the sea level.
So, the coastal countries are under threat.
Moreover, due to continuous deforestation, various species of wildlife are now endangered.
In this modern age, polythene is a widely used material.
We use huge amount of polythene and plastic materials in our daily life.
But most of the time, we throw out the polythene and plastics after a single use.
These non-degradable products ultimately go to the drains, sewers, ponds, lakes, rivers etc.
As a result, polythene and plastics are severely harming our environment by creating waterlogging, water pollution etc.
Beside this, the land resource is also being harmed.
To get rid of these calamities, we need environmental education and awareness.
Only apposite knowledge and awareness can save the environment.
Informing people about the importance of the environment is vital for building environmental awareness.
Environmental awareness building should be started from family level.
Environmental lessons from the family can guide the children throughout their life, as their mind is very sensitive.
They will keep themselves from harming nature if they can grow love for nature.
Academic institutions can play an advance role in creating environmental awareness.
Environment conservation and its importance need to be included in all types of academic curriculum.
Along with this, the students should be inspired by providing them with practical knowledge about environmental issues.
Moreover, various Govt. and non Govt. organizations can arrange various awareness programs to create public awareness about the environment.
It will be helpful in environment conservation if people can be inspired by arranging seminars, discussions, plays on environment and nature; distributing books, leaflets; and showing photographs and video documentaries.
People can also learn many things from various nature and environment related programs like nature fair, bird fair, butterfly fair, dolphin fair, tree fair, spring celebration, rainy season celebration etc.
Along with this, telecasting environment conservation related programs in different media, publishing articles in the magazines and newspapers etc. can help in creating public awareness.
There is no alternative to awareness in context of environment conservation.
With apt knowledge, awareness and sincerity we can save our land, water, air, forests, wildlife as well as our biodiversity.
Along with that, our overall environment will be saved.
So, to create a healthy environment for our future generation we have to be aware and have to make the whole society conscious.