West Virginia, USA - under its wild mountain idyll hides the "black hell": A labyrinth of dark tunnels - hard life in a coal mine. [Online until: 15 August 2019] "Wild, wonderful West Virginia” - that’s how the small state nestled in the Appalachian Mountains bills itself. This documentary reports on the daily struggle facing local coal miners hoping for help from Donald Trump; a sheriff combating the opioid epidemic that has already claimed thousands of lives; and a Cherokee environmental activist whose efforts have earned her intimidation and threats. The whistle of a locomotive at the front of an old coal train, quiet winding roads, and hardly a highway to be found - that’s still the image that many have of West Virginia today. But beneath the forest-covered mountains lies a labyrinth of tunnels just one meter high, in which miners still spend their entire working days toiling in the dark on their hands and knees. The camera team accompanies a traditional coal mining family as they go about their day. Together with the family’s two sons, Scott and Steven Lockhart, the crew ventures into the mine. Conversations with the miners reveal why people who had been lifelong Democratic Party supporters are suddenly placing their hopes for the future in Donald Trump. But the documentary also ventures beyond the coal mines to uncover the lesser-known sides of this Appalachian state - from snake-handling Pentecostal churches to the bluegrass and mountain ballads of Alan Cathead Johnston. We also speak with Sheriff Martin West, who sued the country’s three biggest pharmaceutical makers for their role in the opioid epidemic that has swept the region. And we meet another person who has decided to fight back: Maria Gunnoe, a young Cherokee activist who has dared to take on the coal barons that are ravaging the beautiful mountains of West Virginia. _______ DW Documentary gives you knowledge beyond the headlines. Watch high-class documentaries from German broadcasters and international production companies. Meet intriguing people, travel to distant lands, get a look behind the complexities of daily life and build a deeper understanding of current affairs and global events. Subscribe and explore the world around you with DW Documentary. Subscribe to DW Documentary: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCW39zufHfsuGgpLviKh297Q?sub_confirmation=1# For more documentaries visit: http://www.dw.com/en/tv/docfilm/s-3610 Instagram https://www.instagram.com/dwdocumentary/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/dw.stories DW netiquette policy: http://www.dw.com/en/dws-netiquette-policy/a-5300954
Views: 322241 DW Documentary
Barack Obama’s pledge to cut carbon emissions has not stopped North Antelope Rochelle mine in Wyoming. In fact, production is booming - and climate change is off the agenda. The Guardian's Suzanne Goldenberg gets a rare look inside the biggest coal mine in the world. Subscribe to The Guardian ► http://bit.ly/subscribegdn Get the whole picture ► http://bit.ly/guardianhome ENDBOARD VIDEOS The godless church and the atheists taking the US by storm ► http://bit.ly/GodlessChurch US Democracy doesn't work in this slice of Florida ► http://bit.ly/1EuRyMz GUARDIAN PLAYLISTS Guardian Investigations ► http://bit.ly/gdninvestigations Comment is Free ► http://bit.ly/CIFplaylist Guardian Docs ► http://bit.ly/gdndocs Guardian Animations & Explanations ► http://bit.ly/aninandex Other Guardian channels on YouTube: Guardian Football ► https://www.youtube.com/user/guardianfootball Guardian Music ► https://www.youtube.com/guardianmusic Guardian Membership ► https://www.youtube.com/user/GuardianMembership Guardian Food ► https://www.youtube.com/user/GuardianFood Guardian Culture ► https://www.youtube.com/user/GuardianCultureArts Guardian Tech ► THE GUARDIAN'S TOP 10 VIDEOS Mos Def force fed in Gitmo procedure ► http://bit.ly/1hdvoqM Bangladeshi Sex Workers take steroids ► http://bit.ly/1mqf3fA North Korean military parade in slow-mo ► http://bit.ly/TTEAGk Police assault on Ian Tomlinson at G20 ► http://bit.ly/1rgq6Pg Manny Pacquiao fight highlights ► http://bit.ly/RBczBp Brick-by-brick women's fencing protest ► http://bit.ly/RBcEFc Trouserless on the Tube ► http://bit.ly/SPWOrv Jesus "would have been an atheist" ► http://bit.ly/1kfrKqP Open Heart Surgery ► http://bit.ly/1tPaGQ2 Brick-by-Brick Usain Bolt 2012 Olympic gold ► http://bit.ly/1pxQqQv
Views: 200464 The Guardian
Top 5 Largest Coal Mining Companies in the World.Top 5 Largest Coal Mining Companies in the World.The coal business was without a doubt a noteworthy establishment for worldwide industrialization, giving a productive and real wellspring of energy around the globe. Share This Video : https://youtu.be/DLv0xSbPyYI This video is about the Top 5 largest Coal Mining companies around the world.,Also described how much amount of coal produced yearly, how many manufacturing plant they have, production capacity of specific company, where the location of these company etc. Subscribe Us : https://goo.gl/ISxAU7 Facebook : https://goo.gl/ZiIDiV Twitter : https://goo.gl/Ke10sp Google+ : https://goo.gl/s4NcpG Largest Coal Mining Companies in the World 5. Anglo American Plc 4. Arch Coal 3. Shenhua Group 2. BHP Billiton Limited 1. Coal India
Views: 636 World Info 360s
FOR OVER 25 YEARS COAL COMPANIES HAVE STRIP MINED THOUSAND OF ACRES OF AMERICAN APPALCHIAN MOUNTAINS. THOUSAND OF ACRES OF COUNTRY ARE LAID WASTE AS WHOLE MOUNTAINSIDE ARE BLASTED AND BULLDOZED TO REACH OFTEN TINY COAL SEAMS. ONE OF THE BIGGEST LAND OWNERS IN THE AREA IS THE BRITISH COMPANY "AMERICAN ASSOCIATION LTD" WHICH FORMS PART OF AN INTERNATIONAL EMPIRE HEADED BY AN EX LORD MAYOR OF LONDON, SIR DENYS LOWSON. First Shown: 25/07/1974 If you would like to license a clip from this video please e mail: [email protected] Quote: VT9724
Views: 17986 ThamesTv
From the worlds largest gold mine found on the top of a mountain to the largest diamond mine in the world here are the most massive mines in the world! Subscribe to American EYE! 5.. Asbestos Mine, Canada Also known as the Jeffrey Mine, it’s located in Asbestos, Quebec and it was in operation until 2012. It’s a whopping 2 kilometers wide and 370 meters deep! Check out this thing on google maps and you can tell how completely massive this thing is! It’s the by far the largest asbestos mine in the world. For a long period of time, people would use this mineral to put into their walls and keep their homes from catching on fire! But recently there’s been a link with asbestos and a disease called mesothelioma, which is a lung condition. This is a toxic substance that people should avoid, so obviously this large mine went out of business. The lake at the bottom might look like an inviting blue, but you can bet your bottom dollar, it’s highly toxic! The small town that grew with the thriving asbestos industry feels like they’ve kind of lost their identity once the mine was forced to close, but people do still live there. 4. Mcarthur River Uranium Mine In case you were wondering which mine produces the most uranium in the world, that would be of course the Mcarthur River uranium mine in Saskatchewan Canada. This huge deposit was found in 1988 and finally a mining operation took place in 1997, when it began producing what’s known as Yellowcake. It’s not the kind of yellow cake you’d eat with your grandparents. This stuff has a horrific odor and basically what it is, is concentrated uranium powder which can then be used for powering nuclear reactors. We imagine this powdery substance is quite difficult to get ahold of. There aren’t a ton of photos of this place but, it does produce about 13 percent of the global uranium production across the globe. 3. Diavik Diamond Mine In case you thought it was Africa who had all the massive diamond mines, think again! The Diavik Diamond mine, found in the the northwest territories of Canada is one of the largest producers of diamonds in the Northern hemisphere and this place is pretty crazy! They annually produce 7 million carats of diamonds each year and you better believe it’s not easy to get here. The Diavik mine is found north of the arctic circle and it’s definitely cold! This photo here shows the subarctic landscapes that surround the diamond mine. You thought getting to work in the morning was tough for you? Imagine trying to get to work here! Just recently in 2015, this diamond produced what was known as the Diavik Foxfire 187.7 which is one of the largest rough gem quality diamonds ever produced. 2. Siberian Diamond Mine Also known as the Mirny Mine, The USSR began searching for ways to make to make themselves a more economical stable and independent union. In 1955 the Soviets discovered large diamond deposits at this site in the far away lands of Siberia and many people got to work very quickly in order to help bring wealth to the union. After about 20 years of operations, they finally decided that At one point this mine produced 10 million carats of diamonds a year and reaches a max depth of 524 meters or around 1700 feet making it the 2nd largest excavated hole in the world. The mine is so deep, airspace is closed over the hole due to helicopter crashes caused from the downward flow of air. The construction of this in the frigid conditions of Siberia must have been grueling and downright cruel. Sources state that the machinery used at this mine had to be covered at night or it would freeze Are the diamonds worth freezing to death?! It’s unoperational today but Some claim that there’s still a bunch of diamonds in this mine and the whole thing could be worth about 12 Billion dollars. It’s possible that controlling this diamond is mine is crucial to controlling the price of diamonds across the world. Bingham Copper Mine The bingham copper mine located near Salt Lake City Utah is home to the biggest pit in the world and it’s been in operation since 1903. It’s about 2.5 miles wide and if it were a stadium, it would be able to fit an estimated 9.5 million people. It keeps getting bigger and bigger too! Diligent workers can move about 250,000 tons of rock each day and it’s even become a tourist attraction in recent years before a massive landslide took place. Some claim that this was the biggest non volcanic landslide to take place in North American modern history. This photo we see here shows you the aftermath of this massive landslide and Bingham Copper mine and it makes you wonder how safe some of the conditions at these mines truly are. The landslides were so massive, that they actually triggered a few small earthquakes! Experts estimated that 165 tons of earth slide down from the top of the mine all the way to the bottom.
Views: 169158 American Eye
15 Things You Didn't Know About The Mining Industry | Industry Wednesday SUBSCRIBE to ALUX: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNjPtOCvMrKY5eLwr_-7eUg?sub_confirmation=1 15 Things You Didn’t Know About Running A Shipping Business: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u6GIL2lkra0& In this Alux.com video we'll try to answer the following questions: How big is the mining industry? How to get started in the mining industry? How long until we run out of resources? Can the ocean floor be mined? Which is the biggest mined? Why do people mine asteroids? How polluting is the mining industry? #alux #industry #mining WATCH MORE VIDEOS ON ALUX.COM! Most Expensive Things: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ay0u3dJRZas&list=PLP35LyTOQVIu4tNnitmhUqIjySwUhfOyl Luxury Cars: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m5GhenZZs1k&index=1&list=PLP35LyTOQVItrVHGzdB9KY-Sbjq4gU-Ym Becoming a Billionaire: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Skwfwf2SNpw&index=6&list=PLP35LyTOQVIsO8kOTx8-YOgwkGvrPtJ3M World's Richest: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rAy_G-1JF74&index=1&list=PLP35LyTOQVIvthSKr0S3JdjWw3qA9foBa Inspiring People: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lMjO3Gg45pM&list=PLP35LyTOQVItaKCX5o3yaje6_H9D-GuEM Travel the World: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Blsz2JbdgM&t=2s&index=23&list=PLP35LyTOQVIt823Sy_C3-166RLzONbw6W Dark Luxury: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ch7JWVk8Ldk&index=6&list=PLP35LyTOQVIvQU6lzpW5_lryMmdB6zncU Celebrity Videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UuhPRVdDli0&list=PLP35LyTOQVIuJuINlyvSU2VvP6pk9zjUk Businesses & Brands: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xr2YdBz2uWk&list=PLP35LyTOQVIv0fNwEgqmkrDd9d9Nkl7dz - Follow us on INSTAGRAM for amazing visual inspiration: https://www.instagram.com/alux/ & Don't miss the latest Luxury News only on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ealuxe --- Alux.com is the largest community of luxury & fine living enthusiasts in the world. We are the #1 online resource for ranking the most expensive things in the world and frequently referenced in publications such as Forbes, USAToday, Wikipedia and many more, as the GO-TO destination for luxury content! Our website: https://www.alux.com is the largest social network for people who are passionate about LUXURY! Join today! SUBSCRIBE so you never miss another video: https://goo.gl/KPRQT8 -- To see how rich is your favorite celebrity go to: https://www.alux.com/networth/ -- For businesses inquiries we're available at: https://www.alux.com/contact/
Views: 17037 Alux.com
West Virginia coal operators built small, company-owned towns for their miners to live in. The coal towns were almost always unincorporated; there were no elected officials, no independent police forces. Owners hired private detective agencies to watch over their workforce. Company towns were also untethered from the free market competition owners usually championed. "The Mine Wars" premieres January 26, 2016 on American Experience PBS.
Views: 13139 AmericanExperiencePBS
In Appalachia, coal companies blow the tops off of mountains to get at the coal. The damage this does to the surrounding environment and water supply is devastating. ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe About From The Ashes: From the Ashes captures Americans in communities across the country as they wrestle with the legacy of the coal industry and what its future should be in the current political climate. From Appalachia to the West’s Powder River Basin, the film goes beyond the rhetoric of the “war on coal” to present compelling and often heartbreaking stories about what’s at stake for our economy, health, and climate. Get More National Geographic: Official Site: http://bit.ly/NatGeoOfficialSite Facebook: http://bit.ly/FBNatGeo Twitter: http://bit.ly/NatGeoTwitter Instagram: http://bit.ly/NatGeoInsta About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Coal Mining's Environmental Impact | From The Ashes https://youtu.be/ynN39sfqT8w National Geographic https://www.youtube.com/natgeo
Views: 76070 National Geographic
Recruitment specialists say mining companies, desperate for workers in remote areas, are again turning to FIFO workers from the eastern states, but are unlikely to pay the sky-high wages seen in the last big boom. Read more here: For more from ABC News, click here: http://www.abc.net.au/news/ Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/abcnews Like us on Facebook: http://facebook.com/abcnews.au Subscribe to us on YouTube: http://ab.co/1svxLVE Follow us on Instagram: http://instagram.com/abcnews_au
Views: 23447 ABC News (Australia)
A fifth-generation coal miner from Appalachia tells Trump his plan to loosen regulations on coal-fired plants not only is harmful to the environment, but also bad for the future of the region. Read more: https://nyti.ms/2LjD3n5 Subscribe: http://bit.ly/U8Ys7n More from The New York Times Video: http://nytimes.com/video ---------- Whether it's reporting on conflicts abroad and political divisions at home, or covering the latest style trends and scientific developments, New York Times video journalists provide a revealing and unforgettable view of the world. It's all the news that's fit to watch.
Views: 25086 The New York Times
We’ve heard a lot of talk about coal miners in the last year, but what are the real issues surrounding coal? John Oliver and a giant squirrel look into it. Connect with Last Week Tonight online... Subscribe to the Last Week Tonight YouTube channel for more almost news as it almost happens: www.youtube.com/user/LastWeekTonight Find Last Week Tonight on Facebook like your mom would: http://Facebook.com/LastWeekTonight Follow us on Twitter for news about jokes and jokes about news: http://Twitter.com/LastWeekTonight Visit our official site for all that other stuff at once: http://www.hbo.com/lastweektonight
Views: 11801579 LastWeekTonight
The Northwest is square in the middle of a controversial global debate: Should the region build export terminals that would open lucrative markets for the world's dirtiest fossil fuel? As the U.S. economy continues to struggle, can the country afford not to? COAL is a KCTS 9 and EarthFix original documentary. For more information on the documentary, visit: kcts9.org/coal or earthfix.us/coaldoc. For ongoing reporting on Coal in the Northwest, visit EarthFix: earthfix.info/coal/ Credits Written, Directed and Produced by Katie Campbell Photography by Michael Werner Katie Campbell Editor Michael Werner Narrator Katie Campbell EarthFix reporters Ashley Ahearn Bonnie Stewart Amelia Templeton Courtney Flatt Cassandra Profita Aaron Kunz Aerial photography by Katie Campbell Aerial support provided by Christopher Boyer, LightHawk Hunter Handsfield, LightHawk Additional photography Aaron Kunz Stock Footage - RevoStock Audio post production Milt Ritter Post Production Support Lisa Strube-Kilgore Phil Williams Chris Maske Music Lonely Rails Written by Seth Warren and C. Andrew Rohrmann. Performed by Seth Warren. Published by Sciencelab. Salt Flats Written by Miguel D'Oliveira. Published by BBC Production Music. Like a Phoenix Written by Steve Carter. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. Celtic Mist Written by Al Lethbridge. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. Pistola Written by Geoff Levin. Published by ZFC Music. Fluttering Leaves Written by Daniel Pemberton. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. The Couple Written by Al Lethbridge. Published by BBC Production Music. Halcyon Skies Written by Ben Hales and Matt Hales. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. The Loner Written by Miguel D'Oliveira. Published by BBC Production Music. Special Thanks to Dustin Bleizeffer Shannon Anderson LightHawk Keith Williams Thunder Basin Coal Company Leroy Rohde Andy Rohrmann Tom Lubnau Columbia River Pilots Aaron Toso Courtney Wallace Lauri Hennessey
Views: 162058 EarthFixMedia
Thirteen men sat in the best barricade they could build, enduring...hoping. They had used their single hour of oxygen from the only Self Contained Self Rescuer issued to them by the company. Their families waited outside living through one of the most difficult times of their lives, praying to see their loved ones once again. As time wore on, we would learn the ultimate fate of those men, those husbands, those fathers, those grandfathers, brothers, uncles, nephews. One was alive, barely holding on…the others had perished in the thick poisoned air of the mine. The miners of Sago were like so many of us. They took one of the few jobs available to them, jobs that would allow them to live in the places they had long called home, jobs that would pay enough to support their families. If only the company had given them more than one SCSR—if only there had been a law—but we know how much power money holds over the hearts of men. It would be the suffering and tragic loss of life of those 12 brave souls—the pain of constant loss felt by their families—that would finally see to it that every coal miner in the United States would never face the same crisis. Millions of Americans became outraged at the events that played out on their televisions, and the ensuing public outcry would accomplish a feat that has seldom been accomplished in the history of US coal mining—the power of coal industry lobbyists was outweighed by the voice of the public in the halls of government. Laws were passed and now additional SCSRs must be purchased by coal companies, underground safe havens must be built and supply miners with three day of oxygen, food, and water. Each time my crew passed a safe haven and SCSR stash on our way to the section, I would think of those men, I would think of their final hours. I would pay my respects to them in my own way and wish that the corruption of the coalfields had not taken their lives. I hope that other miners do the same and remember the day the miners of Sago perished and the hearts of their families were forever broken. May you all rest in peace. God Bless.
Views: 159791 Nick Mullins
Luminant’s mining employees are digging into the record books. The team recently achieved the lowest injury rate in the nation among the largest mining companies, according to a review of the 2015 MSHA Recordable Injury Rates. Learn more at http://ow.ly/JUhG300va59.
Views: 1700 Luminant
The coal industry is dying a slow death in many parts of the world. But in Spain, the end was swift — and government-mandated. The country's version of a "Green New Deal" for coal included a compensation package for miners, which has received international praise from unions and environmental groups as other countries are looking to quit the fossil fuel. Through a deal struck between the Spanish government and coal mining companies and unions, almost all the country’s mines closed by the end of 2018, and around 1,500 miners were laid off. The phase-out agreement set aside 250 million euros for funding retirement packages, retraining and environmental restoration. The deal spurred protests around Spain in December. But outside the country, Spain’s handling of the coal phase-out has been praised. It’s an example of what progressive politicians are calling a “fair transition” — funds and policies to help workers who are laid off when the government cracks down on fossil fuels. In the U.S., supporters of a “Green New Deal” have already called for a similar fair transition package aimed at American coal workers. Antonio Gomez Souto, a 43-year-old miner who’s worked at the La Escondida coal mine since he was 17, said that for him at least, the deal was adequate. “I'm part of a pre-retirement plan for this year,” he said after his last Monday shift at the mine. “Pre-retirement packages are enough to get by and stop worrying about it.” Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideo
Views: 123051 VICE News
American coal is in crisis. Production is down. Mining companies have declared bankruptcy. So how did America's coal industry get in this situation? And what will happen to America's coal communities? Inside Energy and The Allegheny Front teamed up to look at the collapse of coal.
Views: 45001 Inside Energy
To meet the growing demand for coal in the early 20th century, West Virginia companies needed more miners. African Americans mixed with European immigrants and native Appalachians in the mines and the coal towns. Coal operators felt that diversity would keep unionization at bay. "The Mine Wars" premieres on American Experience PBS January 26, 2015.
Views: 3925 AmericanExperiencePBS
Premieres 9pm, Wednesday 29 June on Freesat 156 | Sky 534 | Virgin Media 276 Following its European premiere at the Sheffield Doc Fest, this documentary recalls the struggle for trade union recognition by mine workers in West Virginia, a battle that lasted two decades. At the beginning of the 20th century, coal was the engine of American industrial progress. The coal industry employed over 700,000 men, yet few Americans gave much thought to the price paid by those whose working days were spent underground. With entire communities owned by the mining companies, conditions and pay were strictly controlled. The stage was set for conflict, and the spark that ignited the flame arrived in 1901 in the shape of Mary Harris "Mother" Jones, an outspoken labour organiser and activist. West Virginian miners went on strike in 1902, with the employees demanding shorter workdays, higher wages and recognition of the union. It was to be the first of a series of industrial disputes that frequently erupted into violence, with successive state governors being forced to declare martial law as the coal companies engaged paramilitary forces to combat the strikers, who themselves were heavily armed. Superior force was eventually to prevail, however, and in the early 1920s the strikes eventually petered out. It would not be until 1933 that Congress passed legislation guaranteeing the workers' right to unionise.
Views: 3831 PBS America
A group in the United States called the Tennessee Conservative Union released an advertisement on Monday. The ad supports proposed state legislature that would ban mountain top removal for virgin peaks over 2,000 feet. But behind the ad is concern that a Chinese owned mining company, which has surface rights to about 48 square miles, would cause damage to Tennessee's mountains. [ADVERTISEMENT] "Tennessee has become the first state in our great nation to permit the red Chinese to destroy our mountains and take our coal. The same folks who hold our debt, hack our businesses, and have the worst conservation record in the world." Triple H Coal Company was bought by Chinese state-owned Guizhou Gouchuang Energy Holdings Group last year. This was the first Chinese acquisition of a US coal company, and a top Chinese CEO in the coal industry said Chinese coal companies were interested in further acquisitions. While TCU is worried about the destructive practice of mountain top removal, it is also concerned over Chinese companies with a poor environmental record acquiring US assets. [ADVERTISEMENT] "We're proud that Tennessee is a red state, but just how red are we willing to go?" Environmentalist group Appalachian Voices points out that while the coal is mostly sent to other US states now, it may not be that way for long. Last year the US sent 12% of US coal overseas, and as alternatives to coal become cheaper in the US, the group predicts, that percentage will increase. It also warns that if the coal industry becomes more international, the profits from Tennessee coal will go overseas while the pollution will stay at home. For more news and videos visit ☛ http://ntd.tv Follow us on Twitter ☛ http://twitter.com/NTDTelevision Add us on Facebook ☛ http://on.fb.me/s5KV2C
Views: 2229 NTDonChina
For the first time in four decades ,India is getting ready to open up commercial coal mining to private companies, with the aim of shifting the world's third-biggest coal importer toward energy self-sufficiency. The country's top coal bureaucrat, told Reuters on Friday the government has identified mines it plans to auction, and is now finalizing other terms such as eligibility criteria for companies to take part and whether and how to set up revenue sharing. India has an ambitious plan to double its coal production to 1.5 billion tonnes (about 1.63 U.S. tons) a year by 2020, as part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's push to bring power to 300 million people who live without electricity, and give a boost to manufacturing. http://feeds.nbcnews.com/c/35002/f/663303/s/4cc27045/sc/13/l/0L0Snbcnews0N0Cbusiness0Cenergy0Cdeveloped0Ecountries0Eturn0Ecoal0Eindia0Efires0Eproduction0En493156/story01.htm http://www.wochit.com This video was produced by YT Wochit Business using http://wochit.com
Views: 1758 Wochit Business
Eastern Kentucky and most of Appalachia had a thriving coal industry for more than 100 years. We went to coal country to talk to people about just how important coal has been to the region and how much Appalachia has changed with its decline. Part 2: https://youtu.be/UJxCqHoUAT8 Part 3: https://youtu.be/hYEEBpHJMAQ Additional archival photos provided by the SKCTC Appalachian Archives, from their U.S. Coal & Coke, International Harvester, Ewell Balltrip and Kentucky Coal Museum Photo Collections. Subscribe for more videos: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCV3Nm3T-XAgVhKH9jT0ViRg?sub_confirmation=1 Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ajplusenglish Download the AJ+ app at http://www.ajplus.net/ Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/ajplus
Views: 64479 AJ+
Mponeng is a gold mine in South Africa's Gauteng province. It extends over 4 kilometres below the surface, and is considered to be one of the most substantial gold mines in the world. It is also currently the world's deepest mine. The trip from the surface to the bottom of the mine takes over an hour. Video link: https://youtu.be/6ZtYInuOKtE Thanks for watching
Views: 231361 Engineering TV
A million men used to toil beneath the ground. Coal-mining fuelled the industrial revolution and brought about the biggest industrial dispute of the last fifty years. Now Britain's last deep coal mine, Kellingley Colliery in Yorkshire, has closed. Subscribe for more like this, every day: http://bit.ly/1epe41j Dangerous world: http://bit.ly/1JCsSYb The news explained: http://bit.ly/1epgay4 Music: http://bit.ly/1RVTRNy Technology: http://bit.ly/1LI1K9y Like us on Facebook: http://on.fb.me/1wQ1Gty Follow us on Twitter: http://bit.ly/1mFUjBD
Views: 28915 Channel 4 News
America's coal companies are in crisis. Demand is down, production is low, and recently several major coal producers have declared bankruptcy. When a coal company goes bankrupt, it means they may not have money to clean up their old mines. Thousands of mines across the country have been abandoned. Inside Energy looks at what happens to these abandoned mines.
Views: 808 Inside Energy
Catalyst: Coal Dust - How the consequences of Australia's coal boom are choking the population of Newcastle, New South Wales Subscribe to Journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures Go to the Journeyman Science playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLlGSlkijht5iXbPX7d_oTP47c9C3kArQ0 Australia is among the world’s largest coal producers and exporters – not something to brag about when you account for the worrying health consequences in port cities such as Newcastle. Since the mining boom in the late 1990s, respiratory diseases such as asthma have been climbing sharply, largely attributed to dust particulates given off in the extraction and transportation of coal. Mark Horstman heads to Newcastle, New South Wales, and investigates the efforts that are underway to identify harmful concentrations of coal dust particulates. ABC Australia - Ref 6284 Journeyman Pictures brings you highlights from the cutting-edge science series, ‘Catalyst’, produced by our long-term content partners at ABC Australia. Every day we’ll upload a new episode that takes you to the heart of the most intriguing and relevant science-related stories of the day, transforming your perspective of the issues shaping our world.
Views: 13224 Journeyman Pictures
Analysis by the Guardian reveals, Peabody Energy has funded at least two dozen groups that cast doubt on manmade climate change and oppose environment regulations. Peabody is America’s biggest coalmining company. The funding spanned trade associations, corporate lobby groups, and industry front groups as well as conservative thinktanks. Court filings last month exposed the funding. The coal company also gave to political organisations. It funded twice as many Republican groups as Democratic ones. Peabody is the world’s biggest private sector publicly traded coal company. It was long known as an outlier even among fossil fuel companies for its public rejection of climate science and action. Its funding of climate denial groups was only been exposed in disclosures after the coal titan was forced to seek bankruptcy protection in April. Environmental campaigners said the breadth of that funding took them by surprise. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/jun/13/peabody-energy-coal-mining-climate-change-denial-funding http://www.wochit.com This video was produced by YT Wochit News using http://wochit.com
Views: 630 Wochit News
One of the most significant events in the struggle for labor laws in America played out in Las Animas County in the spring of 1914. With the control of much of Colorado's coal mines in the hands of just a few companies, miners grew increasingly intolerant of low wages and dangerous working conditions. Despite efforts to suppress union activity, the United Mine Workers of America called a strike in September of 1913. Over the next few months, tensions escalated as the striking miners ransacked several mines. The dispute culminated in a violent clash on April 20, 1914. Despite this tragic outcome, the event sparked national outrage and led the way of workers' rights in America.
Views: 67549 Rocky Mountain PBS
Donald Trump says he’s going to put America’s miners back to work. But with many of them claiming they’re still being forced to choose between safe work conditions, and keeping their jobs, should we really be talking about the deadly risks? SUBSCRIBE: http://nbcnews.to/2rAQzwx FOLLOW NBC LEFT FIELD: Facebook: http://nbcnews.to/2rACLSM Instagram: http://nbcnews.to/2rAsQwp Twitter: http://nbcnews.to/2rAsWUN CALL THE FIELD PHONE: ☎️ (315) LF-FIELD VISIT OUR SITE: http://nbcleftfield.com Video: Justine Bo Executive Producer: David Botti Producer: Freddie Campion __ ABOUT NBC LEFT FIELD: NBC Left Field is a new internationally-minded video troupe that makes short, creative documentaries and features specially designed for social media and set-top boxes. Our small team of cinematographers, journalists, animators and social media gurus aims to unearth stories and breathe creative life into current headlines. While pushing boundaries at home and abroad, NBC Left Field will also be serving as an experimental hub for NBC News style, treatment and audience engagement. The Secret Dilemma Facing America's Coal Miners | NBC Left Field
Views: 3116 NBC News
The Trump administration has made a lot of claims about gains in the coal industry, but virtually none of them are true.
Views: 2195 Washington Post
April has been a troublesome month for the energy industry in recent years. Both natural and manmade disasters have caused businesses to examine their responsiveness and proactive risk management strategies and tactics. The latest episode of Deloitte Insights features John Poma, Vice President of Enterprise Risk Management at Alpha Natural Resources, one of the largest coal mining and distributing companies in the United States, Kim Detiveaux, a Director, Deloitte & Touche LLP, who leads ERM services for Energy Sector companies, including Utilities, Oil & Gas, and Mining companies, and Sean O'Grady, moderator. Tune in to learn how an enterprise risk management strategy may help reduce risks.
Views: 3188 Deloitte US
Rat Hole Minors (2014): In the coal mines of India, tens of thousands of children are forced to work in "rat holes", tiny pits too small for adults to reach. Why are the authorities turning a blind eye to this lethal and illegal practice? For similar stories, see: The Children Risking Their Lives In Underwater Gold Mines https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P1L_pxYZVwE Investigating BHP's $5bn Mining Disaster In Brazil https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KF3Clm6T_kI Sulphur Mining - Indonesia https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ciH1qw3eiHs Subscribe to journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures For downloads and more information visit: http://www.journeyman.tv/film/6099/rat-hole-minors Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures "We might get hit by a wire or rocks...along the path there are holes and you never know when you might fall", says 13-year-old Lakpa of the tiny, dark tunnels stretching over 50 metres into the earth that he works in each day. According to Hasina Karbith, a charity worker for Indian NGO Impulse, there are over 70,000 underage children working just in the mines of Meghalaya. The charity is trying to fight what they say is a rampant illegal industry of trafficking from Nepal and child labour in the mines. "We wrote more than 60 letters to the government with the findings and still we didn't get any response. I still remember the day when the government wrote back to us and said, 'you have to present the names of the 70,000 children. If you cannot do it in the next 15 days then your organisation is going to be shut down'." Dateline, SBS Australia – Ref. 6099 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 119290 Journeyman Pictures
Australia's government is changing the law in order to get a mining project over the line. Carmichael coal mine is already controversial for environmental reasons. Now, legislation protecting land rights for Aboriginal people is being altered, in order to move forward with development. Al Jazeera’s Andrew Thomas reports from Mackay in Northern Queensland - Subscribe to our channel: http://aje.io/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check our website: http://www.aljazeera.com/
Views: 11663 Al Jazeera English
Find more Earth Focus content at https://www.linktv.org/earthfocus (Earth Focus: Episode 67) An impoverished former mining community in Colorado hopes that a proposed uranium mill will bring jobs and prosperity until environmentalists step in to try to stop it. Who gets to decide? Filmmaker Suzan Beraza documents the debate in her new film Uranium Drive-In. Rhinos are killed for their horn. But now in South Africa they face a new threat -- coal. Plans for an open cast coal mine on the border of Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park, home to the largest population in the world of the once endangered white rhino, may bring economic development. However, these plans will also worsen air and water quality and increase poaching and crime. Jeff Barbee reports from South Africa. The indigenous people in Ecuador's Kimsakocha wetlands rely on the land's water for their livelihood -- agriculture and livestock production. But there is gold under the water and foreign mining companies are out to get it. The local people mount a fierce opposition. "Resistance will not end, we will not give up even if we are in prison," says local community leader Carlos Perez. Constantino de Miguel reports from Ecuador.
Views: 4186 Link TV
Industry On Parade was a television series created by the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) from 1950-1960. The series consisted of weekly episodes that highlighted American manufacturing and business. Hundreds of companies and products were documented during the [program’s] decade-long run. The first episode of this set of three episodes is titled “Contents: Merchandise.” It looks at the packaging of various consumer products. Matches are produced at a production plant (00:44) and move along a conveyer belt. Cigars are machine-wrapped on an assembly line (01:22). At Millprint Inc. in Milwaukee, people sketch out packaging artwork (01:57). New packaging tape is tested (02:20). The episode then shows a packaging production plant where cardboard packages are made and put together (02:52). Boxboard is transformed into an array of containers at Old Dominion Box Company in Charlotte, NC (03:20). Strips are fed into a machine (03:47) that cuts and glues them into small boxes. 6-pack containers are manufactured at the Atlanta Paper Company (04:28) using massive printing machines; unassembled cartons are then fed into a machine that folds and glues them. Women at a St. Louis plant oversee the production of netting for bags used for produce (05:25). Propulsion cans are manufactured with large production machines (06:48). The episode then takes viewers to a New Jersey coffee packing plant (07:25). Coffee tins are filled with coffee then sealed (07:59) with pressure packing before undergoing a pressure test (08:24). Cigarettes are manufactured (08:50), packed and shipped at another factory. There are more shots of various production machines with people overseeing the production lines. A woman fills a bag with ready-mixed cake products (09:46). A grocery store conveyer belt shows a variety of grocery products in the latest packaging (10:43). Kids get a wax-coated milk carton from a vending machine (11:19). The second episode discusses “profits and progress” using a suburban family to illustrate the importance of putting profits back into the business to fuel growth. A young boy and girl set up a lemonade stand in a suburban neighborhood (14:05). The episode cuts to their father’s Texaco Filing Station (15:29), where cars arrive for services. The father buys stock in the General Transistor Corporation. The episode shows the General Transistor’s small enterprise building (17:06) at Long Island, NY. A machine pulls crystals of germanium (18:10) as a skilled worker oversees the process. Other new machines are used for research. Women clock out of work at the company (19:53). There are shots of research labs and transistor testing in quality control. Transistors are fed into a machine to mark them for their capability (22:08). The third episode (no. 122) is from 1953. It begins with a look at the surface mining operations of the Pittsburgh and Midway Coal Mining Company in Kansas. A drill is used to remove a layer of earth, then the hillside is blasted. A giant shovel moves coal and earth (27:56). Another machine punches through the earth to break it up. A train car loaded with coal is tipped (29:05) to remove the coal. Conveyer belts move and separate the coal by grade. The segment ends with shots of coal mounds leftover from surface mining (29:50). Next, viewers are shown the Shepherd Envelope Company plant (31:29) where various envelopes are produced. A machine di-cuts paper; a woman feeds paper into a window-cutting machine (31:58). Envelopes move on a chain conveyer and are then boxed. The next segment shows the “tilt-up technique” of building new factories. The Barrett and Hile Company of San Francisco, CA, pours concrete into wall forms on the ground; a crane lifts the wall panel (33:20) up and into position. The final segment of this episode follows a Maine Sardine Fleet fishing boat (35:18) as it fishes for sardines. Men take a smaller boat (35:47) out to circle the sardines with a net. A carrier boat arrives to take the catch (37:00), using smaller nets to transfer the sardines into the carrier boat. The fish are pumped out into a canning plant using a massive vacuum (37:54), where they are hand-packed along an assembly line (38:31). A machine adds and crimps lids to the tops of the sardine cans (39:12). We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example: "01:00:12:00 -- President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference." This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD, 2k and 4k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
Views: 566 PeriscopeFilm
http://goldstocktrades.com/blog Canam Coal (COE.V or COECF) is optimistic about the coal markets and the momentum they have been building at their four producing mines near Birmingham, Alabama and two under development. Since November of 2009, the Company has completed two acquisitions. The company has expanded sales almost nine-fold from 48,000 tons in 2010 to 455,000 in 2012. In addition, Canam Coal just updated the markets on its sales forecast for 2013. Canam expects to increase sales to 700,000 to 900,000. Even more appetizing to the investor is that Canam has sales commitments of at least 750,000 tons. Canam supplies about 40% of its production to local Alabama power and about 60% to local industries. Customers for Canam's coal are within short distance to the mines. At the end of last year, Canam was awarded two new contracts to local Alabama industrial users. The company expects its high quality, low sulfur coal will receive premium pricing and that volumes should grow. Most of Canam's production is sold out until 2014-2015. The company is looking to extend the contracts through 2020. Canam is one of the only coal companies with growing and glowing fundamentals during a difficult time for the sector. Some of their newer mines are about to reach full production and Canam could possibly double volume. Remember Canam's coal receives premium pricing as it is low in sulfur, mercury and arsenic should meet new Federal regulations coming into effect. Canam is being priced at liquidation levels with an updated equipment fleet, millions of tons of high quality-low sulfur coal reserves, a committed local customer base and committed sales contracts. The company is trading way below book value. Take a look at the Canadian and US listed coal companies. Canam Coal is the only one during this correction in the sector which has shown increasing earnings. Canam's enterprise value is more than quadruple its market cap. Disclosure: Canam is a sponsor on free website and author/interviewer owns CanAm shares.
Views: 618 goldstocktrades
Yanzhou Coal Mining Company (YZC) is a coal mining company headquartered in China. The company owns and operates over 20 coal mines in China and Australia. Visit our website for a list of publicly traded coal mining companies including charts and videos. http://investsnips.com/list-of-publicly-traded-coal-mining-companies/
Views: 135 InvestSnips
The Big Dig: Mongolia is the new frontier in a massive, break-neck speed resources rush. But as it races to take advantage of Chinese demand, helped along by Rio Tinto, what is it getting from digging up the steppes? For similar stories, see: The Children Risking Their Lives In Underwater Gold Mines https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P1L_pxYZVwE Is Bolivia's Lithium-mining Industry Expanding Beyond Its Control? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P7bKoAaHXqw Is Space Mining Set To Change The World? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKAQmE1Iexw Subscribe to journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures For downloads and more information visit: http://www.journeyman.tv/film/5694/the-big-dig Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures Genghis Khan must be rolling in his grave as foreigners arrive in Mongolia to plunder his once mighty domain. Australian miner Rio Tinto is about to open one of the biggest copper mines on the planet in Mongolia, which will soon account for more than 30% of the country's entire GDP. "Some of the optimistic geologists we have say that this business could run for up to 100 years", Cameron McRae from Rio Tinto explains. But the company only cedes the Mongolian government a 34% stake, provoking worries about where the benefits of Mongolia's resource wealth will go. There's concerns the government is ill-equipped to strike complex mining deals in the national interest. "The deal is a financial transaction and whether it's really beneficial to Mongolia, I have many doubts about that", argues Dorjdari from the Responsible Mining Initiative. Environmentalists also worry that the mining push has come so fast and so aggressively that proper checks and balances are not in place. "Most tourists come to Mongolia because they want to see that pristine open space blue sky, but what if we couldn't offer it anymore?" ABC Australia – Ref. 5694 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 30828 Journeyman Pictures
Back to Coal (2014): Mountaintop mining is an effective but controversial extraction method. Its devastating effect on the environment has provoked a 'war on coal' between ecologists and the miners who've lived on it for generations. For similar stories, see: Counting The Cost Of Australia’s Coal Rush https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=94Veuv22-zk India's Criminal Child Mines https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=75Zl2aLU4BQ Mining Sickness - South Africa https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XNVclZi5X3g Subscribe to journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures For downloads and more information visit: http://www.journeyman.tv/film/5993/back-to-coal Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures "This water used to have fish in it, salamanders, frogs. They're all dead", says Rick, walking beside his old home in the Appalachians. Poisoning caused his fingernails to peel off and sickness forced him to move out from the area. Heavy metals leaking into the bio-system from the exposed mining areas are the source of the contamination. Yet for families who have mined for generations, new environmental policies threaten their livelihood. "We don't believe in crazy tree hug-er policy", insists Kentucky Senator, Keith Hall. The industry has helped many Appalachian families to rise up out of poverty, creating "an emotional tie that's really hard to sever". Wilde Angle Productions – Ref. 5993 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 2955 Journeyman Pictures
MINING JOBS TV Episode 3: Unskillled & Entry Level Mining Jobs Brought to you by www.miningresumes.com - Kick-start your mining career today and email us at [email protected] or call Mining Resumes on 1300 737 863 Welcome to Episode 3 of Mining Jobs TV. Hi my name is Matt and I will be speaking to you today about unskilled and entry level jobs in the Australian mining industry. Mining Jobs TV is a FREE online TV channel presenting regular episodes where we will discuss mining jobs and tips that will help you to secure a job in the industry. You may have probably heard the stories about a friend of a friend who is earning over $100,000 a year on a mine somewhere in Western Australia or Queensland and wondered how you could get a mining job too. Entry level or unskilled jobs, like trade assistants or plant operators are hard to get now as every man and his dog are applying for them. The best way to get these jobs would be to move out to the little mining towns and live there and register with all the labour hire companies, there are hundreds of them. Trades people like fitters, welders, boilermakers and electricians still have a fairly good chance of picking up work on mining sites. If you don't have a trade, doing a rigging or scaffolding course would give you a good chance at getting a job, the courses are only about 4 weeks long, but they are fairly expensive. Other unskilled or basic jobs available include cleaners, laundry workers and kitchen hands which is not difficult if you have hospitality training and experience. Talking to people who are currently working on mining sites can be a big help, especially if you have no previous experience or qualifications. It would be even better if you could get in contact with expats from your own country who are working on mining sites. They can let you know who to call and what you need to do. If you are inexperienced and unqualified you need to be fit and ready for physical labour. The work will be very repetitive and routine based with long 12 hour days, so you really need to be mentally prepared, as well as physically. Some mines will have a very high turnover of workers. This is because many people go to work on the mines not knowing what to expect. Because there can be such a high turnover, you may not start earning big money straight away, although your wages won't be small either. Once you've proved yourself to be a reliable worker, your wages should increase. Most mining companies will run police checks, as well as drug and alcohol tests. Even though there are wet mess areas on-site where workers can unwind and drink alcohol, they do have to drink in moderation and be fit-for-work before their shift starts Shutdowns are exactly what the name suggests. Every now and then mining sites need to shut down for upgrades, maintenance or repairs and they usually hire people temporarily to work during shut downs. A lot of the work is unskilled and doesn't last very long, so it's great for backpackers who want to keep on travelling and don't want to make a full-time commitment. It's also a great way to get your foot in the door and gain valuable on-site experience. To do certain mining jobs you will need to get licences and training, or 'tickets' as they are more commonly known. There are lots of different types of tickets depending on what type of work you're going to do. Some tickets can be very expensive and mines in different states require different tickets, so you really need to do your research before you start spending money on courses. Don't think that just because you're female that the mining companies and recruiters won't consider you. The mining industry in Australia is becoming increasingly gender neutral. It's not just cooking and cleaning jobs either on offer for women either; more and more women are working on Australian mining sites, and in some cases, companies even prefer women for certain jobs. For example, a popular job for women on mining sites is driving a dump truck because research has shown that women are easier on the multi-million dollar equipment yet still get the job done. It's most important to ensure you have the resume professionally worded and designed to stand out from your competitors. We highly recommended Mining Resumes to prepare your resume as they are the industry leaders in resume preparation for clients seeking jobs in the mining and oil & gas industry. They can be contacted via phone on 1300 RESUME or have a look at their website miningresumes.com with package details and samples browse that demonstrate their quality and experience. If you aren't already signed up to receive the Mining Jobs episodes, fill out your name and email address in the box at the bottom right hand side of our website at miningjobs.tv or email us at [email protected]
Views: 51416 Monique Thompson
Donald Trump is the top presidential candidate for coal miners, the coal industry, and for all working class Americans! This was no more apparent than during the primaries, where Democrat nominee Hillary Clinton vowed to put coal miners and coal companies out of business. That's an awful statement to make for anyone, let alone for a potential President of the United States. Coal is the heart of American industry. It has also become a much cleaner source of energy. A great number of families get their electricity from coal-powered plants. Coal is integral to the American economy -- without it, we could not produce many of the technologies and conveniences to which we have grown accustomed. Killing coal would kill jobs and future growth potential. No wonder why so many people -- including Democrats -- view Hillary Clinton as out of touch. As the fight for battleground states -- otherwise known as swing states -- heats up, I urge American voters to rise above political rhetoric. Instead, look to your families, your neighbors, your communities -- how will we survive when more jobs are being shipped overseas, and with our borders continually deteriorating? The choice is clear. Vote for Donald Trump!
Views: 823 Bullish Money
Development of shale gas by hydraulic fracturing (‘fracking’) is opposed by campaigners who hypothesise (amongst other things) that potable ground water supplies could be polluted by upward migration of fractures and any fluids they contain. There are very strong reasons for doubting this hypothesis, not least because migration of fractures to prolific aquifers would be highly unlikely to lead to pollution, but almost certain to result in drowning of the shale gas wells, rendering them unusable. Hence, despite having contrasting motivations, shale gas developers and environmental guardians turn out to have a strong common interest in avoiding inter-connection to aquifers. There is in fact a century-long analogue for such a ‘confluence’ of interests, provided by the history of longwall coal mining beneath the sea and major aquifers. Where large-scale mining proceeded from the surface downwards, major hydraulic inter-connection of shallow and deep zones did indeed result in widespread water pollution. However, where new mines were developed at depth without any connections to shallow old workings), complete hydraulic isolation from the near-surface hydrogeological environment was successfully maintained. This was despite the fact that longwall mining produced far greater stratal disruption than shale gas fracking ever could. A detailed example is presented from the successful operation of the Selby Coalfield beneath one of the UK’s main aquifers. This profound and sustained historical analogue provides a very clear lesson: given the lack of hydrogeological connectivity to shallow aquifers, shale gas fracking per se cannot contaminate shallow ground water. Provided operators observe long-established laws governing hydrocarbon wells and associated surface operations, other hydrogeological risks will also be minimal. Opponents of shale gas developments should therefore focus attention on more realistic potential impacts, most of which are familiar from almost any planning application, such as increased truck traffic on minor roads. Speaker Biography Paul Younger (University of Glasgow) Paul L Younger FREng holds the Rankine Chair of Engineering and is Professor of Energy Engineering at the University of Glasgow. He was formerly Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Engagement at Newcastle University, where he also established and led the Sir Joseph Swan Institute for Energy Research and, subsequently, the Newcastle Institute for Research on Sustainability. A geologist by first degree, Paul trained in hydrogeology in the USA as a Harkness Fellow in the mid-1980s, subsequently developing a career in environmental engineering. He is perhaps best known for his research and outreach on the environmental management of water in active and abandoned mines worldwide, which won the Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Higher Education for Newcastle University in 2005. He is a Fellow of the Geological Society and a Chartered Geologist, as well as a Chartered Engineer. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 2007 and has received honorary doctorates for his mine water pollution work from leading universities in Spain and South America. His current research focuses on deep geothermal. In parallel with his mainstream academic work, Paul has founded and directed four companies in the water and energy sectors and has authored more than 400 items in the international literature, including the well-received books “Mine Water: Hydrology, pollution, remediation” (Kluwer, 2002), “Groundwater in the Environment: An Introduction” (Blackwell, 2007), “Water: all that matters” (Hodder, 2012) and “Energy: all that matters” (Hodder, 2014). His knowledge of shale gas was gained through serving on the Joint Royal Academies’ Expert Panel, which reported to the UK government in 2012, and on the Independent Expert Panel on Unconventional Gas, which reported to the Scottish Government in June 2014. When not otherwise engaged, Paul’s preferred activities include exploring the Scottish Highlands and Islands, singing and playing traditional music, and indulging his love of the Spanish and Gaelic languages and cultures. Website: www.geolsoc.org.uk Twitter: www.twitter.com/geolsoc
Views: 4014 GeologicalSociety