Home
Search results “Draft articles on the law of treaties”
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
 
06:46
The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties is a treaty concerning the international law on treaties between states. It was adopted on 22 May 1969 and opened for signature on 23 May 1969. The Convention entered into force on 27 January 1980. The VCLT has been ratified by 114 states as of April 2014. Some countries that have not ratified the Convention, such as the United States, recognize parts of it as a restatement of customary law and binding upon them as such. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 23450 Audiopedia
What is STATE RESPONSIBILITY? What does STATE RESPONSIBILITY mean? STATE RESPONSIBILITY meaning
 
02:22
What is STATE RESPONSIBILITY? What does STATE RESPONSIBILITY mean? STATE RESPONSIBILITY meaning - STATE RESPONSIBILITY definition - STATE RESPONSIBILITY explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ The laws of state responsibility are the principles governing when and how a state is held responsible for a breach of an international obligation. Rather than set forth any particular obligations, the rules of state responsibility determine, in general, when an obligation has been breached and the legal consequences of that violation. In this way they are "secondary" rules that address basic issues of responsibility and remedies available for breach of "primary" or substantive rules of international law, such as with respect to the use of armed force. Because of this generality, the rules can be studied independently of the primary rules of obligation. They establish (1) the conditions of actions to qualify as internationally wrongful, (2) the circumstances under which actions of officials, private individuals and other entities may be attributed to the state, (3) general defences to liability and (4) the consequences of liability. Until recently, the theory of the law of state responsibility was not well developed. The position has now changed, with the adoption of the Draft Articles on the Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts ("Draft Articles") by the International Law Commission (ILC) in August 2001. The Draft Articles are a combination of codification and progressive development. They have already been cited by the International Court of Justice and have generally been well received. Although the articles are general in coverage, they do not necessarily apply in all cases. Particular treaty regimes, such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the European Convention on Human Rights, have established their own special rules of responsibility.
Views: 2307 The Audiopedia
Introduction to State Responsibility, Part 1
 
04:36
Introduction to State Responsibility, Part 1 http://www.screenr.com/kci
Views: 14567 djaguilfoyle
1 - International Law and Human Rights
 
05:44
International law is the set of rules, agreements and treaties that are binding between countries. When sovereign states enter into agreements that are binding and enforceable, it’s called international law or international legal system. It is horizontal in nature because all States are equal in nature. International laws promote peace, justice, common interests and trade. International laws apply to governments. It’s up to each state government to implement and follow international laws. A country’s laws apply to citizens and other people that are present in the country. However, it’s up to the country’s governing authority to apply international law and keep their agreements with the other countries that are involved. Therefore domestic legal system is said to be vertical in nature because its the state machinery that governs the individuals What comes to your mind when you think of international law? It is simply the set of rules, agreements and treaties that are binding between countries. When sovereign states enter into agreements that are binding and enforceable, it’s called international law or international legal system. It is horizontal in nature because all States are equal in nature. This means that the law applies to all nations equally. So what are the functions of international law? International laws promote peace, justice, common interests and trade. International laws apply to governments. It’s up to each state government to implement and follow international laws. In contrast a country’s laws apply to citizens and other people that are present in the country. However, it’s up to the country’s governing authority to apply international law and keep their agreements with other countries. International law generally comes from five sources given in the article 38 of ICJ Statute: treaties, customs, general principles of law, judicial decisions of ICJ and academic writings. Treaties are express agreements that countries enter into voluntarily. They’re written agreements. They are considered a more modern and deliberate method of law-creation. There are many writers who feel that treaties are most important source of international law as the expressed consent of the state must be taken before it is applied. The entire system of international law is based on consent. The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties of 1969 calls for interpretation of treaties based on the plain language of the words in the treaties. The context of the words and the presumption of good faith and good intentions can also play a role in interpreting a treaty. Customs are common practices between countries. They’re common practices that are so expected and consistent that countries operate with the belief that the custom is legally required and binding. Examples of customary law are the prohibitions of a state using or condoning genocide or slavery. Generally, as long as a state doesn’t object to a customary law, it applies to that state. General principles of law are rules of law that develop over time. Principles of law are an understanding of how the law should work based on past rulings. In addition to looking at past rulings, international courts can also look to judicial opinions for help identifying and interpreting international law. The judicial decisions of ICJ are also a source of law though it is subsidiary in nature. The general assembly of UN has the right to ask an advisory opinion from ICJ therefore Court is quite authoritative as far as law-making and the status of the law is concerned. Finally the writings of international academics are also considered subsidiary source of international law as they have a direct impact on customary international law. Until recently international law took no notice of individuals. It used to be a system that only operate between states and governs this interstate relationship. It was generally unconcerned with what states inside its boundaries. The idea of human rights emerged stronger after World War II. Governments then committed themselves to establishing the United Nations, with the primary goal of maintaining international peace and security. People wanted to ensure that never again would anyone be unjustly denied life, freedom, food, shelter, and nationality. Member states of the United Nations pledged to promote respect for the human rights of all. To advance this goal, the UN established a Commission on Human Rights and charged it with the task of drafting a document spelling out the meaning of the fundamental rights and freedoms proclaimed in the Charter. The Commission, guided by Eleanor Roosevelt’s forceful leadership, captured the world’s attention. On December 10, 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted by the 56 members of the United Nations. With the goal of establishing mechanisms for enforcing the UDHR, the UN Commission on Human Rights proceeded to draft two treaties:
State Responsibility
 
09:19
Views: 835 Otto Spijkers
How it works: European laws
 
03:07
An animated guide to the creation of EU legislation from start to finish. Unlike what happens in Member States, in the EU only the Commission can propose directives or legally binding regulations. Neither the States nor the EP have this power. But these proposals never just fall from the sky. In fact, the European Commission listens to voices that are raised across Europe for or against the creation of new laws. At this stage the MEPs are also included. They often adopt recommendations. From 2012 European citizens will also be able to ask directly for new draft laws. For that, one million Europeans from at least seven countries will need to sign a petition. After listening to all sides, the Commission finally presents a draft law. That's the start of a long process which takes 12 to 18 months. The draft then goes to the EU Council, representing the States, and to the EU Parliament, representing the citizens. In 80% of cases, the two institutions have equal power. That's called the ordinary legislative procedure. There's no question of legislating on everything. The EU can make laws on the environment, agriculture, transport... The list is growing. But the States have an absolute right of veto on social security, taxation, or foreign affairs and defence, for example. Returning to draft laws, before adoption, they go through the institutional mill. The EU Council and the EP amend the drafts according to their interests and according to the majorities that take shape. Since the States and MEPs rarely agree first time around, they must negotiate. Two possible outcomes: Either the two institutions reach a compromise and the draft law can be adopted after a vote by MEPs. Or there's no agreement and negotiations must continue. If the negotiations fail once, the clock starts ticking to find agreement before a deadline. If there's still disagreement, the draft law quite simply fails and the whole procedure has to start again. But in fact that very rarely happens. When there's agreement, the new European law is officially adopted and all Member States must then apply it. Well, almost. Sometimes States receive a derogation. If they fail to comply, the European Commission will act once again. It can call bad students to order. And if that fails the Court of Justice of the EU takes over. In the worst cases, States can be required to pay heavy fines, but that's another story. EuroparlTV video ID: 2943a9f1-0a1a-4f7c-9fe8-9f82009fa481
Views: 34204 EuroparlTV EN
SKETCHY ANTARCTICA LAWS: Prohibits MlLlTARY ACTIVITY Except In SUPPORT Of SCIENCE
 
06:30
✔Preparing for a populous future in which Antarctica — the world’s only continent without countries and citizens — may see more tourists, over-exploited fisheries, disputes and crime, India is drafting a dedicated Antarctica policy and a law that will likely be tabled in the winter session of Parliament. ✔Ministry of Earth Sciences officials tasked with drafting the law said that India, being among the countries that have acceded to the Antarctica Treaty, is expected to have a clear policy on the consequences of its activities in the region. ✔The treaty is framed to ensure ‘in the interests of all mankind that Antarctica shall continue forever to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes and shall not become the scene or object of international discord.’ ✔To this end it prohibits military activity, except in support of science; prohibits nuclεar explσsions and the disposal of nuclεar waste; promotes scientific research and the exchange of data; and holds all territorial claims in abeyance. Many pacts for region ✔Several related conventions, such as the Conservation of Antarctic Seals (1972) and the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (1980), are appended to this treaty for protection. However, these laws also mean that conventional concepts such as territories and jurisdicti- ons do not hold good here. ✔India is expanding its infrastructure development in Antarctica. The government is rebuilding its station, Maitri, to make it bigger and last for at least 30 years. Dakshin Gangotri, the first Indian base established in 1984, has weakened and become just a supply base. A committee that includes Biman Patel, Vice-Chancellor, Gujarat National Law University, has been asked to draft the new ‘Antarctica law.’ ✔M. Ravichandran, Director, National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research, said clear laws are necessary on a wide range of matters, including “domestic disputes between residents.” South Africa and Australia have specific laws. ARTICLE: https://www.google.com/amp/www.thehindu.com/news/national/a-law-this-time-for-antarctica/article19128630.ece/amp/ ★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★    🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷🇱🇷 ❤❤SUPPORT MY CHANNEL & WORK HERE⤵❤❤           https://www.patreon/JamesMunder ★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★ ✔NEWS, ✔LAUGHS & A Couple Other Things...   Trying To Figure Out What's Really Going On ✔
Views: 2020 James Munder
What is LEGAL ENGLISH? What does LEGAL ENGLISH mean? LEGAL ENGLISH meaning & explanation
 
04:22
What is LEGAL ENGLISH? What does LEGAL ENGLISH mean? LEGAL ENGLISH meaning - LEGAL ENGLISH definition - LEGAL ENGLISH explanation. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Legal English is the type of English as used in legal writing. In general, a legal language is a formalized language based on logic rules which differs from the ordinary natural language in vocabulary, morphology, syntax, and semantics, as well as other linguistic features, aimed to achieve consistency, validity, completeness and soundness, while keeping the benefits of a human-like language such as intuitive execution, complete meaning and open upgrade. However, Legal English has been referred to as a "sublanguage", as legal English differs from ordinary English. A specialized use of certain terms and linguistic patterns governs the teaching of legal language. Thus, "we study legal language as a kind of second language, a specialized use of vocabulary, phrases, and syntax that helps us to communicate more easily with each other". The term legalese, on the other hand, is a pejorative term associated with a traditional style of legal writing that is part of this specialized discourse of lawyers: communication that "lay readers cannot readily comprehend". This term describes poor legal writing that is cluttered, wordy, indirect, and that includes unnecessary technical words or phrases. Historically, legalese is language a lawyer might use in drafting a contract or a pleading but would not use in ordinary conversation. For this reason, the traditional style of legal writing has been labeled reader-unfriendly. Proponents of plain language argue that legal "writing style should not vary from task to task or audience to audience...; whatever lawyers write must be Clear, Correct, Concise, and Complete". These 4 Cs describe "characteristics of good legal writing style" in the United States. There are different kinds (genres) of legal writing: for example, (a) academic legal writing as in law journals, (b) juridical legal writing as in court judgments, and (c) legislative legal writing as in laws, regulations, contracts, and treaties. Another variety is the language used by lawyers to communicate with clients requiring a more "reader-friendly" style of written communication than that used with law professionals. For lawyers operating internationally, communicating with clients and other professionals across cultures requires a need for transnational legal awareness and transcultural linguistic awareness. Whatever the form of legal writing, legal skills and language skills form a vital part of higher education and professional training. Legal English has particular relevance when applied to legal writing and the drafting of written material, including: 1. legal documents: contracts, licences, etc. 2. court pleadings: summonses, briefs, judgments, etc. 3. laws: Acts of Parliament and subordinate legislation, case reports. 4. legal correspondence. Legal English has traditionally been the preserve of lawyers from English-speaking countries (especially the U.S., the UK, Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Kenya, and South Africa) which have shared common law traditions. However, due to the spread of Legal English as the predominant language of international business, as well as its role as a legal language within the European Union, legal English is now a global phenomenon. It may informally be referred to as lawspeak.
Views: 1107 The Audiopedia
Patent Claim Drafting - 5 Core Principles - 12 Common Mistakes - My Favorite Strategy #rolfclaessen
 
09:37
How to draft patent claims? - https://www.freischem.eu - https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=rolfclaessen #rolfclaessen General - How infringement will be proven? You have to keep in mind how easy it will be to deliver proof for patent infringement. Can you later easily find proof for a complex mixture of polymers in the final product with regard to their identity and their weight percentages? - How can the claims be circumvented and avoided by competitors? Always have the infringer in mind when drafting patent claims. What would you tell an infringer how he could circumvent this patent claim? Now for the basic steps how to draft patent claims: 1) What is the invention, what are the pieces and parts of the invention. Are there multiple versions of the invention? First you need to really understand the invention in great details and understand, how a particular example of the invention works from start to finish. 2) Search for Prior Art: do a good search for prior art and identify as many differences to the invention per relevant document as possible. 3) Two-Part-Claims: Preamble, Body: The most generic version of your invention is defined. There is at least some difference when compared with the prior art. Try to find one feature or an as broad as possible combination of features that distinguishes the claimed subject matter from the prior art. 4) Are all features somehow connected? If the features are not physically or logically connected, the examiner may object to the claims for expressing several distinct inventions and you may have to divide the patent application. 5) Different claim types? Did you use different claim types? 12 common mistakes: - More than one sentence: only write one sentence per claim. Otherwise it is considered unclear and the features of the second sentence may not be seen as limiting the scope. - Word “and”: when claiming a list of things that are parts of an invention, use the word “and” only before the last part in a list. - Transitional phrases: characterized in that, Comprising, consisting of, having, composed of: “characterized in that” divides the preamble of a claim from the body and is the most common and general phrase to do so. “Comprising” is followed by an open list that may also comprise additional elements that are not listed in the claim. “consisting of” is followed by a closed list. No other elements are present in the invention – typically resulting in a very narrow scope. - Inconsistent terminology: always use the same word for the same concept in your patent application. Example: do not use car and automobile in your application to mean the exact same concept. - Claiming a result: try to avoid claiming a result rather than the concepts achieve the result. Result oriented language is typically objected to as unclear. - Too little detail: Don't leave anything out of a claim which is necessary to work the invention and necessary to distinguish the claim from the prior art. - Too much detail: try to leave out any feature that is not necessary to work the invention and distinguish the claimed invention from the prior art. This will make your claim too narrow. - Dependent claims that broaden or contradict the independent claims: - No trademarks in claims: avoid trademarks in claims - Avoid “means plus function” - Antecendent basis: when you first introduce a new feature in the set of claims, use the indefinite article. From then on use the definite article “the” to refer this this particular feature previously mentioned in the claims. Now for my personal strategy to get a really strong set of claims and patent application: 1) Identify the most relevant e.g. 5 prior art documents. 2) Identify as many technical differences to each of these documents, e.g. at least 20 per document. 3) Use the common differentiating feature that can least easily be circumvented by infringers as the body in the first claim. Include other such features in the dependent claims. Include all other such features in the description as preferred embodiments. Here are some valuable resources: http://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/patents/867/wipo_pub_867.pdf http://www.ipwatchdog.com/2013/05/25/patent-claim-drafting-101-the-basics/id=40886/ http://www.ipwatchdog.com/2013/10/11/drafting-patent-applications-writing-method-claims-2/id=45670/ Legalese and Disclaimer You have been watching a video by Rolf Claessen. The views expressed by the participants of this program are their own and do not represent the views of nor are they endorsed by their respective law firms. None of the content should be considered legal advice. This video should not be construed as legal advice or legal opinion on any specific facts or circumstances. The contents of this video are intended for general informational purposes only and you are urged to consult your own patent attorney on any specific legal questions. As always, consult a patent attorney.
Views: 13751 FREISCHEM & PARTNER
The Right to Life before Birth in International Law V2
 
12:01
(Subtitles in French and English) This video discusses the intentions of the writers of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, in light of the current context, with the Human Rights Committee trying to impose abortion as a right to life. It features: - Dr Grégor Puppinck, Director of the ECLJ, who wrote an article on Abortion and the ECHR available here: http://urlz.fr/645F and directed a book on the prevention of abortion in Europe: http://urlz.fr/645N - Mrs Rita Joseph, who wrote the book "Human Rights and the Unborn Child", published by Martinus Nijhoff publishers. - Dr Thomas Finegan teaches in Ireland and wrote an article on "International Human Rights Law and the Unborn." - Josh Craddock, Harvard Law School Student who wrote an article on prenatal protection: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2970761 Music from Kevin MacLeod (Facile & Ashton Manor Stings) More info on www.eclj.org
Views: 348 Officiel ECLJ
NA supports enactment of law on international treaties.
 
03:45
National Assembly members have supported the enactment of the Law on Treaties and International Agreements, which would be a reference for future internal and external cooperation. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs introduced the newly drafted law for consideration by the National Assembly (NA), with the law tabled for debate yesterday. Introducing the draft, Minister of Foreign Affairs Mr Saleumxay Kommasith briefed NA members about the need to enact the law. Laos has participated in treaties referring to the President’s Ordinance No.1 dated October 7, 2009 on the creation, participation in and implementation of international treaties but there were no regulations on the implementation of international laws. The draft law has 8 parts and 23 chapters which are divided into 136 articles. National Assembly Vice President Mr Bounpone Bouttanavong, who presided over the debate, asked Assembly members to focus on the law’s stipulations concerning the principles for creating and implementing treaties and international laws and the relations between treaties and stipulations in internal laws. Mr Bounpone asked for recommendations from NA members on treaty negotiation and signing and the role of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the National Assembly in this process. NA member for Vientiane province, Mr Hongkham Souvannavong, said he supported the draft and wanted the Assembly to consider the signing of all international laws on important national issues. The draft law defines an international law as a written agreement created by a government agency at the central or provincial level with a foreign party on international cooperation in the framework of their role, their rights and obligations, which is enforceable by the said agency. International laws as defined by the draft include agreements, Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs), meeting minutes, exchange notes, and cooperation projects and plans. NA member for Saravan province, Mr Savankhone Razmountry, said he wanted the law to more clearly define the level of enforceability of each of these international legal documents. He referred to experiences in his sector, saying that unclear definitions, such as MoUs and their enforceability, had delayed their signing. Most NA members expressed their support for the enactment of the law which they said would promote effective and efficient implementation of treaties and international laws while addressing the challenges in coordination, procedure, limitation of rights and obligations of the related sectors. By Times Reporters (Latest Update May 9, 2017)
Views: 104 Vientiane Times
New Directions in International Water Law Symposium - Morning Session
 
03:50:06
International law relating to transboundary rivers, lakes and aquifers has undergone some significant developments in recent times. At the global level, the UN Watercourses Convention recently entered into force – 18 years on from its adoption by the UN General Assembly. Additionally, the UNECE Water Convention has been amended to allow all UN member states to be party to it, and the International Law Commission has completed its set of draft articles on the Law of Transboundary Aquifers. There has also been notable developments at the basin and regional level, where States and have utilised international law in order to deepen cooperation with their riparian neighbours, or made claims and counter-claims concerning the planned uses of international freshwaters. In light of these developments the symposium will bring together specialists in the field with a view to sharing cutting edge research related to international water law.
Views: 428 arieuclarke
Non Interference and state responsibility India to compensate for Yadav actions
 
01:31
The State has to self-discipline and this principle applies universally. Whether it is Pakistan or India that is in violation of international law, it must correct itself. Mr. Soofi discusses the International Law Commission's Draft Articles on State Responsibility in the context of Yadav.
Views: 36 Ahmer Bilal Soofi
New Directions in International Water Law Symposium - Afternoon Session
 
57:49
International law relating to transboundary rivers, lakes and aquifers has undergone some significant developments in recent times. At the global level, the UN Watercourses Convention recently entered into force – 18 years on from its adoption by the UN General Assembly. Additionally, the UNECE Water Convention has been amended to allow all UN member states to be party to it, and the International Law Commission has completed its set of draft articles on the Law of Transboundary Aquifers. There has also been notable developments at the basin and regional level, where States and have utilised international law in order to deepen cooperation with their riparian neighbours, or made claims and counter-claims concerning the planned uses of international freshwaters. In light of these developments the symposium will bring together specialists in the field with a view to sharing cutting edge research related to international water law.
Views: 146 arieuclarke
The Constitution, the Articles, and Federalism: Crash Course US History #8
 
13:04
In which John Green teaches you about the United States Constitution. During and after the American Revolutionary War, the government of the new country operated under the Articles of Confederation. While these Articles got the young nation through its war with England, they weren't of much use when it came to running a country. So, the founding fathers decided try their hand at nation-building, and they created the Constitution of the United States, which you may remember as the one that says We The People at the top. John will tell you how the convention came together, some of the compromises that had to be made to pass this thing, and why it's very lucky that the framers installed a somewhat reasonable process for making changes to the thing. You'll learn about Shays' Rebellion, the Federalist Papers, the elite vs rabble dynamic of the houses of congress, and start to find out just what an anti-federalist is. Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode.Founding Fathers debated over how to govern the new nation, beginning with the Articles of Confederation: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/articles-of-confederation When the Founding Fathers finally wrote the Constitution, they realized that they needed to add The Bill of Rights to get citizens on board with the new government: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/the-bill-of-rights Follow us: http://www.twitter.com/thecrashcourse http://www.twitter.com/realjohngreen http://www.twitter.com/raoulmeyer http://www.twitter.com/crashcoursestan http://www.twitter.com/saysdanica http://www.twitter.com/thoughtbubbler Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 4359890 CrashCourse
LAW121 - The "Sealord Case"
 
10:58
Maori rights to fisheries is based on Article two of both the Maori and English versions of the Treaty and tikanga Maori. The Crown's introduction of the Quota Management System to manage the fisheries in 1985 created private property rights that breached this right. After a number of Waitangi Tribunal hearings and legal challenges, the High Court and the Court of Appeal granted Maori and interim order that prompted negotiations between Maori and the Crown. This resulted in a Deed of Settlement that said it would be a full and final settlement of all Maori fisheries claims. The settlement was incorporated in legislation. In the case Te Runanga o Wharekauri Rekohu v Attorney General of number of iwi who did not sign the Deed of Settlement unsuccessfully challenged the right of the executive to draft legislation terminating their legal rights over fisheries.
Views: 10766 mohsenalattar1
22. The Road to a Constitutional Convention
 
44:21
The American Revolution (HIST 116) In this lecture, Professor Freeman discusses how the new nation moved towards creating a stronger, more centralized national government than the Articles of Confederation. Complications of commerce between individual states - a factor that wasn't regulated by the Articles - led to a series of interstate gatherings, like the Mount Vernon Conference of March 1785. Some strong nationalists saw these meetings as an ideal opportunity to push towards revising the Articles of Confederation. Professor Freeman ends with a discussion of James Madison's preparations for the Federal Convention, and the importance of his notes in understanding the process by which delegates drafted a new Constitution. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction: The Road to the Constitutional Convention 06:07 - Chapter 2. Complications of Interstate Commerce and the Mount Vernon Conference 13:11 - Chapter 3. Nationalist Hopes to the Revise the Articles of Confederation 23:29 - Chapter 4. Madison's Historical Analyses of Republics and the Results of the Annapolis Convention 37:27 - Chapter 5. Madison's Notes on the Constitutional Convention Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2010.
Views: 24322 YaleCourses
L-165- कहाँ से आया Article 370- Special Status of Jammu & Kashmir (History of Article 370)  (Part-1)
 
22:16
Part-2- Video Link- https://youtu.be/LPKjPMyOIDY *Lecture में मैंने शेख अब्दुल्ला के बजाय फारूक अब्दुल्ला की तस्वीर डाली है (इसके लिए खेद है) *In the lecture I have put photo of Farooq Abdullah instead of sheikh Abdullah (Sorry for this) 👉For PDF- Join Telegram: https://t.me/StudYLoveRVeeR || 👉Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/StudYLoveRVeeR || 👉Twitter: https://twitter.com/StudYLoveRVeeR || 👉G+: https://plus.google.com/u/0/+StudYLoveRVeeR || 👉Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/studyloverveer/ || 👉YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/c/StudYLoveRVeeR || 👉Nano Magazine: PIB, AIR, Yojana By VeeR Talyan: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhNxZA1Rs2iSz7kDTmUTk1koTSFzjkU6U 👉All Lecture-Polity & Constitution: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhNxZA1Rs2iTkQWW-H64W5xPUrA1Fq4Xt 👉All Lecture- Economic Survey & Budget- 2017: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhNxZA1Rs2iRAQGdhuEmgRPAVRgPx4u0n 👉My Writing Paid: http://amzn.to/2yZ1SmB 👉My Mike: http://amzn.to/2yYYyb0 👉My Laptop: http://amzn.to/2yEVDRN 👉My Software: Screen Recording Software- https://www.movavi.com/ 🙏🏻" A candle loses nothing by lighting another candle"🙏🏻 👍Be Happy, Share & Help Each Other!!! Thank YoU......VeeR Talyan
Views: 422289 StudY LoveR- VeeR
Prof. Rob Natelson Introduces Draft of Convention of States Rules
 
16:07
Leading Article V expert Professor Rob Natelson introduces draft of Convention of States rules that will be further debated and discussed by members of the Convention of States Caucus. Help make it happen: http://tinyurl.com/jy8noyy
The current core of IHL treaties
 
07:16
C1V7DEF.mp4 LVNIHLXX2017-V000800
The Treaty of Versailles, What Did the Big Three Want? 1/2
 
02:49
World War I officially came to an end with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919. 32 countries had come together in Paris in January 1919 to hold a conference which would make peace after the First World War. It would be dominated by the ‘big three’: - David Lloyd George, representing Britain, Georges Clemençeau representing France and Woodrow Wilson representing the USA. Wilson's 14 points: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/wilson14.asp Support the cartoons on patreon: https://www.patreon.com/simplehistory?ty=c Get your copy of Simple History: World War I today! https://www.amazon.com/Simple-History-World-War-I/dp/1536830402/ref=asap_bc?ie=UTF8 Simple history gives you the facts, simple! See the book collection here: Amazon USA http://www.amazon.com/Daniel-Turner/e/B00H5TYLAE/ref=sr_ntt_srch_lnk_1?qid=1457289367&sr=8-1 Amazon UK http://www.amazon.co.uk/Daniel-Turner/e/B00H5TYLAE/ref=sr_ntt_srch_lnk_1?qid=1457289367&sr=8-1 http://www.simplehistory.co.uk/ https://www.facebook.com/Simple-History-549437675141192/ https://twitter.com/simple_guides Credit: Narrator: Chris Kane http://ckvox.com/ Animation: Daniel Turner artwork: Daniel turner Victoria Volodina Music: Opus One by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: http://audionautix.com/ In the West by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100746 Artist: http://incompetech.com/
Views: 1021112 Simple History
Recalibrating International Investment Law
 
52:49
Keynote address from the "Reforming International Investment Law: Opportunities, Challenges, Paradigms" conference at Boston College Law School. Speakers Chair: Prof. Sebastian Lopez Escarcena, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile Keynote Speaker: Eric de Brabandere, "Recalibrating international investment law - The Communicating Vessels of Investment Protection and Investor Obligations"
Views: 628 BC Law
Is Canadian Legalized Cannabis In Jeopardy?
 
02:11
Does a United Nations drug treaty threaten whether Canada will be able to legalize cannabis by July 1st, 2018? ===================== Support Us On Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/therationalnational Follow David Doel at http://twitter.com/DavidDoel Follow The Rational National at http://twitter.com/TRNshow ===================== Sources: https://www.theglobeandmail.com///news/politics/opposition-experts-urge-feds-to-share-plans-on-un-drug-treaties/article35557613/?cmpid=rss1&click=sf_globe https://www.civilized.life/articles/despite-treaties-justin-trudeau-could-go-ahead-with-legalization/ http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2017/02/international-laws-trump-muslim-ban-breaking-170202135132664.html
Views: 1601 The Rational National
UK Parliament Slams May For Brexit Draft Fabrications
 
09:24
RT Correspondent Shadia Edwards-Dashti shares the latest on Brexit, after Theresa May’s government lost a crucial vote finding it in contempt of Parliament for failing to publish their attorney’s full legal advice relating to the draft Brexit deal. Former UK Member Parliament George Galloway and Conservative Political Commentator Steve Malzberg join the show to explain what they expect to come of the next five days of Brexit talks. Find RT America in your area: http://rt.com/where-to-watch/ Or watch us online: http://rt.com/on-air/rt-america-air/ Like us on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/RTAmerica Follow us on Twitter http://twitter.com/RT_America
Views: 23450 RT America
Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty Documentary
 
36:51
http://www.globalresearch.ca/requiem-for-the-nuclear-non-proliferation-treaty-nuclear-armageddon/5461006 August, 2015 marks 70 years since the atomic bomb was dropped on the civilian population of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On the evening of May 22, 2015, after almost a month of grueling and intensive debates and negotiations, The United Nations failed to achieve the consensus necessary for the adoption of the Draft Final Document of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, stalemating efforts to fulfill the United Nations Charter opening declaration “to save humanity from the scourge of war.” This failure resulted from the refusal, by the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada, to join a consensus on adopting the final document of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. The heart of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, Article VI states: “Each of the Parties to the Treaty undertakes to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control.” Victims of the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki had earlier given testimony describing the horrors of the nuclear attack. Hisako Kimura of Hiroshima stated: “Nuclear weapons must be eliminated without further delay. The dropping of an atom bomb on human beings is the most horrifying act that mankind has ever experienced, and it is a crime that we must not repeat. Nuclear weapons are the most inhumane weapons, and they take away our capacity to live as human beings.” Kodama Michiko, Hiroshima testified: “I saw someone whose skin was hideously burnt and peeling off. I saw a mother carrying a baby burnt like charcoal. Even the mother herself was heavily burnt all over her body. As she tried to flee from the place she was almost crawling on the ground. Some people’s eyeballs had popped out, while others were trying to escape holding their own protruding intestines in their hands. ” Shigemitsu Tanaka of Nagasaki testified: “The atomic bombs turned Hiroshima and Nagasaki into cities of death. The extremely high heat rays vaporized human beings or burned them alive. The radiation completely destroyed human bodies….The Japanese government opened relief and rescue stations for only two months. The US government refused the request from the Red Cross and tried to cover up the brutal condition under the Press Code. Two years later, the US government established the ABCC (Atomic Bomb Casualties Commission) and examined about 110 Hibakusha as guinea pigs for its research and never gave them any treatment.” Despite the devastating testimony by the victims of the nuclear bombing, despite the anguished and desperate statements delivered by the more than 150 countries who do not possess nuclear weapons, despite powerful and principled statements of commitment to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty by both Mikhail L. Uliyanov, Head of the Delegation of the Russian Federation, and by the head of the Chinese Delegation, Vice Foreign Minister Li Baodong, despite the eloquent and impassioned statement by Austria that: “It is in the interest of the very survival of humanity that nuclear weapons are never used again under any circumstances…..The only absolute guarantee against the threat posed by nuclear weapons is their prohibition and their total elimination.” Despite the concurrence stated by Chinese Ambassador Fu Cong: “The fundamental solution to address the issue of security assurances is complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons,” despite the brilliant statement by Jackie Cabasso on behalf of “Peace and Planet Mobilization for a Nuclear-Free, Peaceful, Just and Sustainable world, despite the almost universal awareness that a nuclear holocaust would destroy humanity and the planet, the obstruction of consensus by three states, two of whom possess nuclear weapons, doomed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty to oblivion on May 22, leaving the entire world vulnerable to the insanity of any nuclear state which makes the fatal decision to begin a nuclear war, or to provoke a nuclear war. The failure of this year’s attempt to re-enforce and strengthen the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty sharpens the deadly trajectory pointing toward nuclear Armageddon. The documentary video which follows examines the causes and consequences of this ominous and necrophiliac refusal to eliminate nuclear weapons. By Carla Stea
Views: 9385 GlobalResearchTV
Article 107 Rule of Lapse in Parliament, Procedure to pass a Bill in Indian Parliament explained
 
10:25
Download UPSCIQ Magazine - http://bit.ly/2DH1ZWq || Download All Videos PDFs - https://goo.gl/X8UMwF || Join #StudyIQ on Telegram - https://goo.gl/xBR3g8 #Pendrive_Courses for Various Govt. Exams. Click here to know more - https://goo.gl/aTFK6Q or #Call_9580048004 Live Chat Support - https://goo.gl/s68PZ1 UPSC/CSE 2019 - https://goo.gl/UrCD46 SSC & Bank - https://goo.gl/9LQ4Ai UPSC Optionals - https://goo.gl/rtmXRU State PSCs - https://goo.gl/FDB32q Defence Exams - https://goo.gl/UEmtRz SSC JE Exams - https://goo.gl/2WyU1Z RBI Grade B - https://goo.gl/PY32m6 NABARD Grade A - https://goo.gl/C6CzAL DMRC Exams - https://goo.gl/yDnvyf Insurance Exams - https://goo.gl/iLEFxf CLAT 2019 - https://goo.gl/Burjtj Railway Jobs - https://goo.gl/5KaL7h Teaching Jobs - https://goo.gl/q117TX UPSC Prelim 2019Test Series -https://goo.gl/zkCG51 Free PDFs - https://goo.gl/cJufZc || Free Quiz - https://goo.gl/wCxZsy || Free Video Courses - https://goo.gl/jtMKP9" Follow us on Facebook - https://goo.gl/iAhPDJ Telegram - https://t.me/Studyiqeducation The Hindu Editorial Analysis - https://goo.gl/vmvHjG Current Affairs by Dr Gaurav Garg - https://goo.gl/bqfkXe UPSC/IAS Burning Issues analysis- https://goo.gl/2NG7vP World History for UPSC - https://goo.gl/J7DLXv Indian History - https://goo.gl/kVwB79 Follow us on Facebook - https://goo.gl/iAhPDJ Follow Dr Gaurav Garg on Facebook - https://goo.gl/xqLaQm UPSC/IAS past papers questions - https://goo.gl/F5gyWH SSC CGL + IBPS Quantitative tricks - https://goo.gl/C6d9n8 English Vocabulary - https://goo.gl/G9e04H Reasoning tricks for Bank PO + SSC CGL- https://goo.gl/a68WRN Error spotting / Sentence correction https://goo.gl/6RbdjC Static GK complete- https://goo.gl/kB0uAo Complete GK + Current Affairs for all exams- https://goo.gl/MKEoLy World History - UPSC / IAS - https://goo.gl/kwU9jC Learn English for SSC CGL, Bank PO https://goo.gl/MoL2it Science and Technology for UPSC/IAS - https://goo.gl/Jm4h8j Philosophy for UPSC/IAS - https://goo.gl/FH9p3n Yojana Magazine analysis -https://goo.gl/8oK1gy History for SSC CGL + Railways NTPC - https://goo.gl/7939eV
Views: 6336 Study IQ education
A perspective on the OECD discussion draft on the transfer pricing aspects of financial transactions
 
01:00:16
Under the mandate of the report on BEPS Action 8 to 10 (Aligning Transfer Pricing Outcomes with Value Creation), the OECD produced a non-consensus discussion draft on the transfer pricing aspect of financial transactions on 3 July. The major areas covered by the draft include the delineation of financial transactions (including determinations of whether intra-group loans should be treated as debt or equity), treasury functions (including intra-group loans and cash pooling), guarantees, and captive insurance. Learn more as we discuss the key points that taxpayers should be aware of when addressing intercompany financial transactions in light of guidance in the draft. (Live presentation was aired on 21 Aug 2018) http://www.deloitte.com/ap/dbriefs
Views: 380 Deloitte Dbriefs AP
A Draft International Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Anti-Semitism
 
31:29
Amb. Alan Baker of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs presenting his “Draft International Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Anti-Semitism.” Here is a link to the Draft International Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Anti-Semitism. http://jcpa.org/article/draft-international-convention-on-the-prevention-and-punishment-of-the-crime-of-anti-semitism/
Views: 217 TheJerusalemCenter
NOBLE MOORISH GOD PRESENT THE GREAT DEBATE ON CHILD SUPPORT.
 
06:52
PART (1) NOBLE SHAHEED ALLAH EL VS THE STATE OF OHIO IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT MARCH 15,2005. CAUSE OF LAWSUIT: UNCONSTITUTIONAL GARNISHMENT OF WAGES,DENIAL OF EQUAL PROTECTION,DUE PROCESS AND PRIVACY UNCONSTITUTIONAL TAKING OF PROPERTY. INVIDIOUS DISCRIMINATION AND THE DENIAL OF THE PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS. INTRODUCTION: SOMEWHERE IN OR AROUND JANUARY 2005. A COURT ORDER WAS ISSUED BY THE STATE OF OHIO COURT, AND COLLECTION AGENCY OHIO C.S.P.C. TO GARNISH, I PETITIONER, PRO SE NOBLE SHAHEED ALLAH EL. THERE WAS NO TRIAL, NO BILL OF EXCHANGE NO CONSIDERATION, BY THE STATE OF OHIO. ON FEB.8,2005 I SENT A NOTICE OF INTENT TO SUE. IT WENT TO THE OHIO C.S.P.C. THEY RESPOND. GROUND FOR GRANTING REDRESS OF GRIEVANCES. BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE GREAT SEAL MOORISH NATIONAL GOVERNMENT AND DIVINE PROVIDENCE. I NOBLE SHAHEED ALLAH EL, ASSERT MY FULL SOVEREIGN POWER AS A FREE MOOR(NATURAL BEING) PURSUANT TO WIT. THE FREE MOORISH ZODIAC CONSTITUTION. THE GREAT SEAL, THE 1836 MOROCCAN TREATY OF PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, THE 1790 SUNDRY FREE MOOR ACT. THE 1791 ORGANIC U.S. CONSTITUTION, THE UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS(1948) UNITED NATIONS DRAFT DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE(ACTION OF 2ND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS JULY 4,1776. (1) THE ORGANIC 1791 UNITED STATES REPUBLIC CONSTITUTION IS THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND AND ALL TREATIES. (ARTICLE 6 SECTION 2) U.S. CONSTITUTION STATES THAT "THIS CONSTITUTION AND THE LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES WHICH SHALL BE MADE IN PURSANCE THEREOF AND ALL TREATIES MADE OR WHICH SHALL BE MADE, UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE UNITED STATES SHALL BE THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAW AND THE JUDGES IN EVERY STATE SHALL BE BOUND THEREBY ANYTHING IN THE CONSTITUTION OR LAWS OF ANY STATE TO THE CONTRARY NOT WITHSTANDING. U.S. CODE TITLE 4 CHAPTER 1: AND ANY LAW THAT IS REPUGNANT TO THE CONSTITUTION IS NULL AND VOID. U.S. SUPREME COURT CASE (MARBURY V. MADISON 5 U.S. 137,174,176 (1803) CHEIF JUSTICE JOHN MARSHALL DECLARED THAT IN ANY CONFLICT BETWEEN THE CONSTITUTION AND A LAW PASSED BY CONGRESS THE CONSTITUTION MUST ALWAYS TAKE PRECEDENCE. FURTHER MORE ARTICLE (3) SECTION(1) U.S. CONSTITUTION STATES "THE JUDICIAL POWER OF THE UNITED STATES SHALL BE VESTED IN ONE SUPREME COURT AND IN SUCH INFERIOR COURTS AS THE CONGRESS MAY FROM TIME ORDAIN AND ESTABLISH. THE JUDGES BOTH OF THE SUPREME AND INFERIOR COURTS SHALL HOLD THEIR OFFICES DURING GOOD BEHAVIOR AND SHALL AT STATED TIMES RECEIVE FOR THEIR SERVICES A COMPENSATION WHICH SHALL NOT BE DIMINISHED DURING THEIR CONTINUANCE IN OFFICE." THE STATE OF OHIO COURTS ARE DE-FACTO COURTS OPERATING AGAINST THE U.S. CONSTITUTION AND THE WILL OF THE PEOPLE. I NOBLE SHAHEED ALLAH EL IN HIS DE JURE CAPACITY HEREBY MAKE THIS SPECIAL APPEARANCE NOT GENERAL APPEARANCE TO CHALLENGE JURISDICTION, ESTABLISH JUSTICE, INVOKE AND ENFORCE CONSTITUTIONAL LAW FOR THE RELIEF OF INJURIES. I NOBLE SHAHEED ALLAH EL AM A FREE SOVEREIGN MOORISH INDIGENOUS, FREEHOLD BY INHERITANCE,FREE MAN( NOT A FREEDMAN)(RESIDENT) OR A (PERSON) THAT CAN BE NAME IN OHIO REVISED CODES. THE OHIO COURT DOES NOT HAVE JURISDICTION OVER, NOBLE SHAHEED ALLAH EL, FOR THE TERM PERSON DOES NOT INCLUDE THE SOVEREIGN. PERSONS AS DEFINED IN THE OHIO REVISED CODE(PERSON); MEANS THE STATE ANY POLITICAL SUB-DIVISION ANY OTHER STATE OR LOCAL BODY, THE UNITED STATES AND ANY PERSON AS DEFINED IN SECTION 1.59 OF THE REVISED CODE. U.S. V. COOPER CORP 312 U.S. 600,604 (1941) "THE GOVERNMENT ADMITS THAT OFTEN THE WORD PERSON IS USED SUCH A SENSE AS NOT TO INCLUDE THE SOVEREIGN" I NOBLE SHAHEED ALLAH AM NOT THE PERSON NAMED IN ANY OF THE OHIO REVISED CODES, STATED IN THE COURT ORDER OF CHILD SUPPORT, AND WAGE GARNISHMENT. YICK WO AND WOO LOO V. HOPKINS 118 U.S. 356 (18560 SOVEREIGNTY, ITSELF IS OF COURSE NOT SUBJECT TO LAW, FOR IT IS THE AUTHOR AND SOURCE OF LAW BUT IN OUR SYSTEM WHILE SOVEREIGN POWERS ARE DELEGATED TO THE AGENCIES OF GOVERNMENT SOVEREIGNTY IT SELF REMAINS WITH THE PEOPLE BY WHOM AND FOR WHOM ALL GOVERNMENT EXISTS AND ACTS." (MORE INFORMATION ON PART 2)
Views: 5980 noble moorishgod
Brexit explained: UK triggers Article 50 to leave the EU — here’s what happens next - TomoNews
 
10:36
LONDON — The UK formally announced its decision to leave the European Union on Wednesday following a historic referendum last June. After triggering Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, Britain now has two years to negotiate a way out. The 27 remaining EU members will meet to discuss the withdrawal on April 29 before negotiations begin between Britain and the EU, according to BBC News. When a draft deal is approved, it will be put to the European Council, which is comprised of the 27 leaders of the remaining EU nations. If the deal is approved by at least 20 countries with 65% of the EU population, it will be ratified by the European Parliament and the UK will leave the EU. However, if no deal is reached, negotiations could go on longer than the two-year time limit, but only if all 27 EU member agree to an extension. The key points of negotiation will center on trade, law and immigration. ----------------------------------------­----------------------------------------­---------------- Go to https://www.patreon.com/tomonews and become a Patron now TomoNews is now on Patreon and we've got some cool perks for our hardcore fans. TomoNews is your best source for real news. We cover the funniest, craziest and most talked-about stories on the internet. Our tone is irreverent and unapologetic. If you’re laughing, we’re laughing. If you’re outraged, we’re outraged. We tell it like it is. And because we can animate stories, TomoNews brings you news like you’ve never seen before. Visit our official website for all the latest, uncensored videos: http://us.tomonews.com Check out our Android app: http://bit.ly/1rddhCj Check out our iOS app: http://bit.ly/1gO3z1f Get top stories delivered to your inbox everyday: http://bit.ly/tomo-newsletter See a story that should be animated? Tell us about it! Suggest a story here: http://bit.ly/suggest-tomonews Stay connected with us here: Facebook http://www.facebook.com/TomoNewsUS Twitter @tomonewsus http://www.twitter.com/TomoNewsUS Google+ http://plus.google.com/+TomoNewsUS/ Instagram @tomonewsus http://instagram.com/tomonewsus -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Crying dog breaks the internet’s heart — but this sad dog story has a happy ending" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4prKTN9bYQc -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 6918 TomoNews US
Article 7 sanctions: What does the Sargentini report accuse Hungary of?
 
02:32
In a draft report, Dutch Green MEP Judith Sargentini accused Orbán's government of posing a "systemic threat" to the EU's fundamental principles and compelled her contemporaries to support her recommendation to launch the little-used Article 7. … READ MORE : http://www.euronews.com/2018/09/10/article-7-sanctions-what-does-the-sargentini-report-accuse-hungary-of What are the top stories today? Click to watch: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLSyY1udCyYqBeDOz400FlseNGNqReKkFd euronews: the most watched news channel in Europe Subscribe! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=euronews euronews is available in 13 languages: https://www.youtube.com/user/euronewsnetwork/channels In English: Website: http://www.euronews.com/news Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/euronews Twitter: http://twitter.com/euronews Google+: http://google.com/+euronews VKontakte: http://vk.com/en.euronews
Views: 5882 euronews (in English)
What is MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING? What does MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING mean?
 
04:05
What is MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING? What does MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING mean? MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING meaning - MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING definition - MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ A memorandum of understanding (MoU) is an agreement between two (bilateral) or more (multilateral) parties. It expresses a convergence of will between the parties, indicating an intended common line of action. It is often used in cases where parties either do not imply a legal commitment or in situations where the parties cannot create a legally enforceable agreement. It is a more formal alternative to a gentlemen's agreement. Whether a document constitutes a binding contract depends only on the presence or absence of well-defined legal elements in the text proper of the document (the so-called "four corners"). The required elements are: offer and acceptance, consideration, and the intention to be legally bound (animus contrahendi). In the U.S., the specifics can differ slightly depending on whether the contract is for goods (falls under the Uniform Commercial Code ) or services (falls under the common law of the state). Many companies and government agencies use MoUs to define a relationship between departments, agencies or closely held companies. In the United Kingdom, such an MoU is often called a concordat. An example is the 2004 Concordat between bodies inspecting, regulating and auditing health or social care. The term is often used in the context of devolution, for example the 1999 concordat between the central Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Scottish Environment Directorate. In international relations, MoUs fall under the broad category of treaties and should be registered in the United Nations treaty collection. In practice and in spite of the United Nations' Legal Section's insistence that registration be done to avoid 'secret diplomacy', MoUs are sometimes kept confidential. As a matter of law, the title of MoU does not necessarily mean the document is binding or not binding under international law. To determine whether a particular MoU is meant to be a legally binding document (i.e., a treaty), one needs to examine the parties’ intent as well as the signatories' position (e.g., Minister of Foreign Affairs vs. Minister of Environment). A careful analysis of the wording will also clarify the exact nature of the document. The International Court of Justice has provided some insight into the determination of the legal status of a document in the landmark case of Qatar v. Bahrain, 1 July 1994. One advantage of MoUs over more formal instruments is that, because obligations under international law may be avoided, they can be put into effect in most countries without requiring parliamentary approval. Hence, MoUs are often used to modify and adapt existing treaties, in which case these MoUs have factual treaty status. The decision concerning ratification, however, is determined by the parties' internal law and depends to a large degree on the subject agreed upon. MoUs that are kept confidential (i.e., not registered with the UN) cannot be enforced before any UN organ, and it may be concluded that no obligations under international law have been created. As was obvious in Qatar v. Bahrain, disputes may arise concerning the status of the document once one of the parties seeks to enforce its provisions. Although MoUs in the multilateral field are seldom seen, the transnational aviation agreements are actually MoUs.
Views: 7832 The Audiopedia
28.02.2018 - EU INVOKE ARTICLE 7 ON POLAND - FULL DEBATE
 
40:17
Sorry for the mix up.. Commission decision to activate Article 7 (1) TEU as regards the situation in Poland (debate) Speaker times 00:00:00 Pavel TELICKA 00:00:00 Frans Timmermans 00:10:00 Pavel TELICKA 00:10:00 Roberta METSOLA-Christian Democrats-Linked to SOROS 00:15:00 Josef Weidenholzer-Socialist-Linked to SOROS 00:17:00 Ryszard Antoni LEGUTKO-Conservatives 00:25:00 Sophia in 't VELD-ALDE-Linked to SOROS 00:27:00 Barbara Spinelli-EU Left Green-Linked to SOROS 00:28:00 Ska Keller-Greens Free Aliance-Linked to SOROS 00:31:00 Nigel Farage-UKIP 00:33:00 Stanisław Żółtek 00:35:00 Janusz Korwin-Mikke-NAM- 00:36:00 Frans Timmermans
Views: 6786 Dr Watson
North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949
 
05:10
Article 1 The Parties undertake, as set forth in the Charter of the United Nations, to settle any international dispute in which they may be involved by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security and justice are not endangered, and to refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force in any manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations. Article 2 The Parties will contribute toward the further development of peaceful and friendly international relations by strengthening their free institutions, by bringing about a better understanding of the principles upon which these institutions are founded, and by promoting conditions of stability and well-being. They will seek to eliminate conflict in their international economic policies and will encourage economic collaboration between any or all of them. Article 3 In order more effectively to achieve the objectives of this Treaty, the Parties, separately and jointly, by means of continuous and effective self-help and mutual aid, will maintain and develop their individual and collective capacity to resist armed attack. Article 4 The Parties will consult together whenever, in the opinion of any of them, the territorial integrity, political independence or security of any of the Parties is threatened. Article 5 The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all and consequently they agree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in exercise of the right of individual or collective self-defence recognised by Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, will assist the Party or Parties so attacked by taking forthwith, individually and in concert with the other Parties, such action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic area. Any such armed attack and all measures taken as a result thereof shall immediately be reported to the Security Council. Such measures shall be terminated when the Security Council has taken the measures necessary to restore and maintain international peace and security. Article 6 [1]For the purpose of Article 5, an armed attack on one or more of the Parties is deemed to include an armed attack: on the territory of any of the Parties in Europe or North America, on the Algerian Departments of France [2], on the territory of or on the Islands under the jurisdiction of any of the Parties in the North Atlantic area north of the Tropic of Cancer; on the forces, vessels, or aircraft of any of the Parties, when in or over these territories or any other area in Europe in which occupation forces of any of the Parties were stationed on the date when the Treaty entered into force or the Mediterranean Sea or the North Atlantic area north of the Tropic of Cancer. Article 7 This Treaty does not affect, and shall not be interpreted as affecting in any way the rights and obligations under the Charter of the Parties which are members of the United Nations, or the primary responsibility of the Security Council for the maintenance of international peace and security. Article 8 Each Party declares that none of the international engagements now in force between it and any other of the Parties or any third State is in conflict with the provisions of this Treaty, and undertakes not to enter into any international engagement in conflict with this Treaty. Article 9 The Parties hereby establish a Council, on which each of them shall be represented, to consider matters concerning the implementation of this Treaty. The Council shall be so organised as to be able to meet promptly at any time. The Council shall set up such subsidiary bodies as may be necessary; in particular it shall establish immediately a defence committee which shall recommend measures for the implementation of Articles 3 and 5. Article 10 The Parties may, by unanimous agreement, invite any other European State in a position to further the principles of this Treaty and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic area to accede to this Treaty. Any State so invited may become a Party to the Treaty by depositing its instrument of accession with the Government of the United States of America. The Government of the United States of America will inform each of the Parties of the deposit of each such instrument of accession. http://ccmixter.org/content/cdk/cdk_-_Silence_Await.mp3 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Views: 467 Paul Gilbert
INDIA: FOREIGN MINISTER NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY PRESS CONFERENCE
 
02:46
English/Nat The Indian Foreign Minister has accused the West of double standards over a proposed nuclear test ban treaty. Speaking in New Delhi on Thursday, Inder Kumar Gujral said that while the text had been modified to accommodate China, negotiators paid scant attention to India's concerns. In his first detailed statement since India blocked the nuclear test ban treaty in Geneva, Foreign Minister Gujral attempted to shift the blame on to the West's shoulders. India, he said, would not have blocked the treaty if Western nuclear powers hadn't insisted on a clause that made the treaty useless without New Delhi's consent. A last minute addition to the draft treaty sought to force nuclear threshold states India, Pakistan and Israel into signing. Gujral accused the West of bullying tactics. SOUNDBITE: (English) "After we announced our decision that we could not subscribe to this draft treaty, the Article on Entry into Force was modified suddenly with the clear aim of imposing obligations on India. This was at the insistence of a small number of countries. Such a provision is unprecedented in the treaty negotiating practice and contrary to international legal norms. It denies India its sovereign right of exercise of consent and contains an element of implied coercion." SUPER CAPTION: Inder Kumar Gujral, Indian Foreign Minister Gujral also accused the West of double standards. He said it had appeased China while paying scant attention to his country's concerns. SOUNDBITE: (English) "We were told that the text could not be modified, but as we have seen, the draft text has been modified to accommodate one country's concerns. If this change had not been introduced, or the entry into force provisions amended to address our concerns, we would have stood aside and let the draft text be adopted by those who support it. But this attempt at coercion has left us no choice but to indicate our opposition to the draft text." SUPER CAPTION: Inder Kumar Gujral, Indian Foreign Minister India has refused to sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty after the five nuclear powers - the United States, Russia, France, Britain and China - refused to commit themselves to a timetable for eliminating their arsenals. India says it can't sign away the right to make nuclear weapons because it is trapped in a three-cornered arms race in the Asian subcontinent. The country's political parties are united on the issue. Commentators point out that India has to keep up with China and Pakistan. SOUNDBITE: (English) "India did not go for nuclear weaponisation in spite of the fact that all around India there has been proliferation of nuclear weapons and missile systems. So India has come under pressure. In spite of that it has shown restraint, but it can't ignore its security interests." SUPER CAPTION: KC Pant, Former Indian Defence Minister India exploded a nuclear bomb 22 years ago, but insists that it does not have a cache of nuclear warheads that can be fitted to sophisticated missiles. Pakistan, fearing for its security, has refused to sign unless India endorses the treaty. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/5b09d3180b24f3c0884a6ebbf5dc56aa Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 116 AP Archive
Understanding Aboriginal Identity
 
20:49
Understanding Aboriginal Identity explores the complex issue of self-identification for Aboriginal people. Today, Aboriginal identity remains inextricably linked with past government legislation and the continued stereotyping of Aboriginal people in the media and Canadian history. From a Metis farm in rural Alberta, to the offices of Canada’s leading scholars, Understanding Aboriginal Identity examines the factors that shape who we are. To order this video please go to www.bearpaweducation.ca/videos
Views: 73931 BearPaw Legal
Smartphones and social media banned in the Russian army
 
01:06
The State Duma of Russia (the Russian parliament) has given the third reading to the law that prohibits Russian army servicemen and conscripts from using mobile phones, smartphones and other portable electronic devices that allow them to connect to global networks and transmit information. 408 MPs supported the bill, no one voted against. The measure is deemed necessary because of difficulties in organizing control for informational restrictions, particularly in relation to social media. In other words, draftees and military personnel may open public access to undesirable information, such as their location. The right of Russian servicemen to use social networks is going to be limited as well. For example, they will not be able to post any information that may indicate their location and affiliation with the armed forces. The bill also prohibits servicemen from contacting the press, talking about their colleagues or details and peculiarities of their service. The authors of the draft law explained that such measures were introduced in connection with "special" attention that foreign special services and terrorist organizations were paying to the Russian army. Check more of our videos on our video channel http://www.youtube.com/user/PravdaTV Go to Pravda.Ru website to read articles that you can not read in Western publications http://www.pravdareport.com/
Views: 677 Pravda Report
WARNING UK Government To Start  NATIONAL SERVICE AKA THE DRAFT PREWORLD WAR PLANNING
 
06:36
Thanks to TruthTube451 (AKA MrGlasgowTruther): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IH2Xf9KaoSk Original video: http://www.youtube.com/user/TruthTube451?feature=watch Published on Aug 16, 2013 http://services.parliament.uk/bills/2... Join my facebook page - https://www.facebook.com/Truthtube451 Tune into GUNN - Glasgow Underground News Network, every sunday 8pm-10pm on www.unboundradio.com A news based show that covers and connects a whole host of topics from geopolitics to occultist information and history. Download Show Archives http://unboundradio.com/category/glas... Cip's Youtube http://www.youtube.com/user/cip1883 Show Music by Fractal Distracions https://www.facebook.com/fractaldistr... https://soundcloud.com/fractaldistrac... Dais Independent Media http://www.youtube.com/user/DaizIndep... LOVelution, cause it just right that we do it with love and not violence ________________________________________­______________ OTHER HELPFUL LINKS BELOW: http://www.stevequayle.com/ http://stopthecrime.net/ http://www.stopthecrime.net/docs/nasa-thefutureof-war.pdf http://www.infowars.com/ http://www.barefootsworld.net/usfraud.html http://quakes.globalincidentmap.com/ http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/ http://www.cheniere.org/references/maxwell.htm http://x22report.com/ http://www.jimstonefreelance.com/ Roman Admiralty and Civil Law Jordan Maxwell on Uniform Commercial Code UCC), http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KUe3U3... http://www.teamlaw.org/DCOA-1871.pdf the act of 1871 http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?... All But One US Presidents Related http://wakeup-world.com/2011/07/04/ar... America=Slaves To The British Crown The Paris Peace Treaty of 1783 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qlkRtP... The Treaty Of 1783 http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedi... The Act of 1871 became the FOUNDATION of all the treason since committed by government officials. http://drkatesview.wordpress.com/2010... Below is the text of the bill: http://www.nikolasschiller.com/blog/i... Historical Materials: Congressional Time Line http://www.congresslink.org/print_bas... The Corporation Of The United States Of America Is It True? We Are Not Under Common Law? http://reality-bytes.hubpages.com/hub... The United States Government is a foreign corporation with respect to a state http://sovereigninamerica.wordpress.c... Full text of "CORPUS JURIS SECUNDUM VOLUME XLIX http://www.archive.org/stream/corpusj... What is an Adhesion Contract? http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-an-ad... adhesion citizens contract http://books.google.com/books?id=Sdzv... Amendment II http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founde... 14th Amendment http://www.law.cornell.edu/constituti... Fourteenth Amendment is adopted, July 28, 1868 http://www.politico.com/news/stories/... interstate commerce http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictio... Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3 (Commerce) http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founde... The American Citizenship Process http://www.uscitizenship.info/article...
Views: 1289 teargardens
How to Write a Literature Review in 30 Minutes or Less
 
17:12
"How to Write a Literature Review in 30 Minutes or Less" breaks down this academic assignment into 5 easy steps: (There is a text version of this video: http://www.peakwriting.com/litreview/Index.html 1. Strip out summary paragraphs from research 2. Reorder summary paragraphs for the liteature review 3. Combine paragraphs if necessary 4. Add topic sentences and transitions to form literature review's body paragraphs 5. Add introduction and conclusion paragraphs to complete the literature review The literature review does not have to be a daunting or mysterious academic assignment. As a matter of fact, the so-called "literature review" is a common task in the professional workplace but is called a "backgrounder" or "background research" instead of a literature review. The video provides a real-world example of writing a practical literature review as an HR employee in an IT company. Stop being intimadated by what is actually an easy assignment by learning what a literature review really is and how to do one quickly and easily. Review of Literature | Literature Review Example | Literature Review Sample | Literature Survey | Literature Review Format | Literature Review Dissertation | Example of Literature Review | Writing a Literature Review
Views: 566905 David Taylor
Aboriginal Title and Provincial Regulation: The Impact of Tsilhqot'in Nation v BC
 
01:59:08
In partnership with the Centre for Global Studies and the POLIS Project on Ecological Governance, UVic Law presents this two-hour panel discussion and Continuing Legal Education (CLE) course on this case of national significance. Panelists include: Jay Nelson (General Counsel to the Tsilhqot'in Nation, Associate Counsel at Woodward & Company), Krista Robertson (Lawyer at JFK Law Corporation with expertise in Aboriginal Rights Law) and Dr. John Borrows (Canada Research Chair in Indigenous Law at the University of Victoria).
Views: 7119 UVic Law
The Articles of Confederation - Becoming the United States - Extra History - #1
 
09:30
When the thirteen colonies of North America broke away from Great Britain, they struggled to draft their first constitution. After great debate, they created the Articles of Confederation and formed the United States of America. Support us on Patreon! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon (--More below) Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Play games with us on Extra Play! http://bit.ly/WatchEXP Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Get our list of recommended games on Steam: http://bit.ly/ECCurator ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Get the outro music here! http://bit.ly/23isQfx *Music by Sean and Dean Kiner: http://bit.ly/1WdBhnm
Views: 1123153 Extra Credits
Idle No More: Protest to Change?
 
54:10
Momentum and a movement: Idle No More organizers, supporters and observers discuss the objectives and significance of the movement with Steve Paikin.
MPs thrash out May's Brexit deal in parliament
 
09:39:33
THERESA May has vowed to push ahead with her crunch vote on Brexit next week - even as minister begged her to scrap it. The Prime Minister defied her critics this morning to insist she has no plans to put off the crucial Commons showdown. She told the BBC today: "We’re in the middle of 5 days of debate which will lead to a vote on this issue... they are voting on the deal." And she refused several times to be drawn on whether she could cancel it altogether. At least three Cabinet ministers are believed to be trying to persuade the PM to put the December 11 vote off. And Labour plans to issue a vote of no confidence if May loses. With the clock ticking, and unrest across Parliament, some senior Tories have suggested she delay the vote. It could give Britain more time to negotiate a deal before the March 29 axe falls. But Downing Street has always ruled out a date change. Senior Tories on both sides of the Brexit divide predicted Britain's EU departure date of March 29 will now be delayed as ministers will be forced to put together a new softer option to please Parliament... By James Cox and Natasha Clark Continue reading: https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/brexit/7911547/theresa-may-brexit-postpone-eu-leaders/ MPs hijack Brexit as they win power to block No Deal and call second referendum if Theresa May is defeated next week https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/brexit/7893804/theresa-may-brexit-deal-house-of-commons-vote/ Government forced to hand over ALL Brexit legal advice after humiliating Commons defeat sees it found in contempt of Parliament for first time ever https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/brexit/7898762/ministers-could-be-booted-out-of-parliament-as-theyre-found-in-contempt-over-brexit-cover-up/ Theresa May’s defeats were huge blows to her Government and possibly Brexit: https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/7901153/theresa-may-lost-dup-brexit/ Tory rebel Remainers set out stall for soft Brexit if Theresa May’s plan falls: https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/brexit/7903847/tory-rebel-remainers-set-out-stall-for-soft-brexit-if-theresa-mays-plan-falls/ What date will Britain leave the EU, when was Article 50 triggered and what is the Lisbon Treaty? https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/1900423/article-50-lisbon-treaty-brexit-eu-european-council-march-29-2019-commons-vote/ Sun Subscribers receive the latest breaking news and videos direct to their feed. SUBSCRIBE NOW and hit the bell to be the first in the know. http://www.thesun.co.uk Like The Sun on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thesun/ Follow The Sun on Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheSun Subscribe to The Sun on Snapchat: https://www.snapchat.com/discover/The_Sun/1633225139
Views: 12041 The Sun
"We will leave the EU in a smooth and orderly way," said May
 
00:40
Subscribe to France 24 now: http://f24.my/youtubeEN FRANCE 24 live news stream: all the latest news 24/7 http://f24.my/YTliveEN SOT UK PM THERESA MAY Mr Speaker, what we agreed yesterday was not the final deal - it is a draft treaty - it's not- it is a draft treaty that means we will leave the EU in a smooth and orderly way on the 29th of MArch 2019 -- jeering-- and which sets the framework for a future relationship that delivers in our national interest. It takes back control of out borders, laws and money - it protects jobs security and the integrity of the UK and it delivers in ways many said could simply not be done. Visit our website: http://www.france24.com Subscribe to our YouTube channel: http://f24.my/youtubeEN Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/FRANCE24.English Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/France24_en
Views: 607 FRANCE 24 English
BREXIT 'Article 50 may be revoked 'European Parliament's 'red lines' on brexit
 
21:40
The European Parliament has overwhelmingly approved a non-binding resolution that lays out its views on the Brexit negotiations. The parliament will have no formal role in shaping the Brexit talks. The negotiations will be led by the European Commission on behalf of the EU's remaining 27 member states. Their draft negotiating guidelines were issued last week. But the parliament's views still matter because under the Article 50 rules it will get a vote on the final EU-UK "divorce" deal and if it does not like what has been agreed it could demand changes and delay the process. BBC Reality Check correspondent Chris Morris teases out some of the key sentences from the resolution and explains their significance. Article 50 may be revoked - A revocation of notification needs to be subject to conditions set by all EU-27, so that it cannot be used as a procedural device or abused in an attempt to improve on the current terms of the United Kingdom's membership; Short grey line This is interesting. It implies that the European Parliament thinks the UK can change its mind about Article 50 (whereas the UK government has implied the opposite). The truth is that irrevocability is the subject of legal dispute and, as this is a matter of interpreting a European treaty, the ultimate arbiter would be the European Court of Justice. Either way, the parliament makes clear here that it would not allow the UK to plead for a better deal if it tried to return - even the package of measures offered to David Cameron in February 2016 (remember this?) is now null and void. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-39501866 credit http://www.europarl.europa.eu/portal/en more videos ON BREXIT https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=P7JxO9OktXk https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=Y_-EOUYExvc https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=6fo8kA4xaco https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=-ib615BdZcY https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=fNNw0QtzhI4 https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=W1y8laFUpM4 https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=-4keBw0UfYM
Views: 60464 Samuel Ezerzer
Belgium: Barnier unveils draft Brexit treaty
 
02:11
The European Union's chief negotiator Michel Barnier unveiled his draft Brexit treaty in Brussels on Wednesday, including a 'provocative' section about the new hard border in Ireland. "To maintain full alignment with those rules of the Internal Market and the Customs Union which, now or in the future, support North-South cooperation, the all-island economy and the protection of the Good Friday Agreement. This is the backstop solution," said Barnier. This is one of three new proposed solutions to solve the hard border issue. The so-called backstop would effectively create a common regulatory framework for the whole the island. The UK government responded by saying that the text threatens the constitutional and territorial integrity of the nation. The complete draft text is 120-pages long and contains 168-articles. Subscribe to our channel! rupt.ly/subscribe Video ID: 20180228 019 Video on Demand: http://www.ruptly.tv Contact: [email protected] Twitter: http://twitter.com/Ruptly Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/Ruptly
Views: 170 Ruptly
Constitution of India : Constituent Assembly formation and constitution creation process (Hindi)
 
12:46
 For more interesting updates Please subscribe My Channel https://www.youtube.com/mediaguruji?sub_confirmation=1  YouTube चैनल : https://www.youtube.com/mediaguruji ►►Watch More...  What is McMahon Line and dispute? : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7evfyVyhmQU  How to do Basil cultivation and earn 8 lac /year : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zk-k9uOBNAM  संविधान सभा का गठन एवं संविधान निर्माण प्रक्रिया: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9eh2cZx_dhk  सिर्फ १ हेक्टेयर की ज़मीन पर एलोवेरा से कैसे कमाए ३ लाख ज्यादा मुनाफा : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hz5C5pdfio8  Stevia से कैसे कमाए 9 लाख से ज्यादा मुनाफा : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aV-ErxJ0FMo&t=7s  What is Panchsheel Treaty ? : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_GNxKidSnOU  कामसू‍त्र और खजुराहो मंदिर के संबंधों का रहस्य : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cbZw823BLY0&t=57s Media guru is about media, latest news, current affairs, history and worldwide news, business ideas and general knowledge including comedy entertainment. इस तरह के और भी टिप्स के लिए आप हमारे फेसबुक पेज को Like कर सकते हैं, और YouTube चैनल को Subscribe कर सकते हैं. ►फेसबुक पेज : https://www.facebook.com/Media-Guru-1735508456758712/ ►Blog : http://mediaguru2017.blogspot.in/ The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens. It is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world.The nation is governed by it. B. R. Ambedkar is regarded as its chief architect. It imparts constitutional supremacy and not parliamentary supremacy, as it is not created by the Parliament but, by a constituent assembly, and adopted by its people, with a declaration in its preamble. Parliament cannot override the constitution. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950. With its adoption, the Union of India became the modern and contemporary Republic of India replacing the Government of India Act, 1935 as the country's fundamental governing document. To ensure constitutional autochthony, the framers of the constitution repealed the prior Acts of the British Parliament via Article 395 of the constitution. India celebrates its coming into force on 26 January each year, as Republic Day. It was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, which was elected by elected members of the provincial assemblies. The 389 member Constituent Assembly took almost three years (two years, eleven months and eighteen days to be precise) to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for independent India, during which, it held eleven sessions over 165 days. Of these, 114 days were spent on the consideration of the draft Constitution. On 29 August 1947, the Constituent Assembly set up a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar to prepare a draft Constitution for India. While deliberating upon the draft Constitution, the assembly moved, discussed and disposed of as many as 2,473 amendments out of a total of 7,635 tabled. Dr B.R. Ambedkar, Sanjay Phakey, Jawaharlal Nehru, C. Rajagopalachari, Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Kanaiyalal Munshi, Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar, Sandipkumar Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Nalini Ranjan Ghosh, and Balwantrai Mehta were some important figures in the assembly. There were more than 30 members of the scheduled classes. Frank Anthony represented the Anglo-Indian community, and the Parsis were represented by H. P. Modi. The Chairman of the Minorities Committee was Harendra Coomar Mookerjee, a distinguished Christian who represented all Christians other than Anglo-Indians. Ari Bahadur Gurung represented the Gorkha Community.[citation needed] Prominent jurists like Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer, Benegal Narsing Rau and K. M. Munshi, Ganesh Mavlankar were also members of the Assembly. Sarojini Naidu, Hansa Mehta, Durgabai Deshmukh, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur and Vijayalakshmi Pandit were important women members. assembly signed two copies of the document on 24 January 1950.
Views: 57574 Media Guru
IS IT GOODBYE AMERICA BADBUY USA ?
 
04:14
On October 14, Lord Christopher Monckton gave a presentation in St. Paul, MN on the subject of global warming. In this 4-minute excerpt from his speech, he issues a dire warning to all Americans regarding the United Nations Climate Change Treaty that is scheduled to be signed in Copenhagen in December 2009. A draft of the treaty can be read here: http://www.globalclimatescam.com/documents/un-fccc-copenhagen-2009.pdf Page 18: Section 38 of the "Share vision for long-term cooperation action plan" contains the text for forming the new government. Page 40: Section 46 Subsection H of the "Objectives, scope, and guiding principles" contains the text for enforcement and establishment of the rule of law. There has been considerable debate raised about Monckton's conclusion that the Copenhagen Treaty would cede US sovereignty. His comments appear to be based upon his interpretation of the The Supremacy Clause in the US Constitution (Article VI, paragraph 2). This clause establishes the Constitution, Federal Statutes, and U.S. TREATIES as the supreme law of the land. Concerns have been raised in the past that a particularly ambitious treaty may supersede the US Constitution. In the 1950s, a constitutional amendment, known as the Bricker Amendment, was proposed in response to such fears, but it failed to pass. You can read more about the Bricker Amendment in a 1953 Time Magazine article: Google "National Affairs: THE BRICKER AMENDMENT: A Cure Worse Than The Disease?"- http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,806676-1,00.html Lord Monckton served as a policy adviser to Margaret Thatcher. He has repeatedly challenged Al Gore to a debate to which Gore has refused. Monckton sued to stop Gore's film "An Inconvenient Truth" from being shown in British schools due to its inaccuracies. The judge found in-favor of Monckton, ordering 9 serious errors in the film to be corrected. Lord Monckton travels internationally in an attempt to educating the public about the myth of global warming. Reupload from mnmajoritydotorg's channel
Views: 5683 91177info
China's Impact on Africa - New Colonialism or Win Win Situation for the region - Analysis
 
20:24
Download UPSCIQ Magazine - http://bit.ly/2DH1ZWq || Download All Videos PDFs - https://goo.gl/X8UMwF || Join #StudyIQ on Telegram - https://goo.gl/xBR3g8 #Pendrive_Courses for Various Govt. Exams. Click here to know more - https://goo.gl/aTFK6Q or #Call_9580048004 Live Chat Support - https://goo.gl/s68PZ1 UPSC/CSE 2019 - https://goo.gl/UrCD46 SSC & Bank - https://goo.gl/9LQ4Ai UPSC Optionals - https://goo.gl/rtmXRU State PSCs - https://goo.gl/FDB32q Defence Exams - https://goo.gl/UEmtRz SSC JE Exams - https://goo.gl/2WyU1Z RBI Grade B - https://goo.gl/PY32m6 NABARD Grade A - https://goo.gl/C6CzAL DMRC Exams - https://goo.gl/yDnvyf Insurance Exams - https://goo.gl/iLEFxf CLAT 2019 - https://goo.gl/Burjtj Railway Jobs - https://goo.gl/5KaL7h Teaching Jobs - https://goo.gl/q117TX UPSC Prelim 2019Test Series -https://goo.gl/zkCG51 Free PDFs - https://goo.gl/cJufZc || Free Quiz - https://goo.gl/wCxZsy || Free Video Courses - https://goo.gl/jtMKP9" Follow us on Facebook - https://goo.gl/iAhPDJ Telegram - https://t.me/Studyiqeducation The Hindu Editorial Analysis - https://goo.gl/vmvHjG Current Affairs by Dr Gaurav Garg - https://goo.gl/bqfkXe UPSC/IAS Burning Issues analysis- https://goo.gl/2NG7vP World History for UPSC - https://goo.gl/J7DLXv Indian History - https://goo.gl/kVwB79 Follow us on Facebook - https://goo.gl/iAhPDJ Follow Dr Gaurav Garg on Facebook - https://goo.gl/xqLaQm UPSC/IAS past papers questions - https://goo.gl/F5gyWH SSC CGL + IBPS Quantitative tricks - https://goo.gl/C6d9n8 English Vocabulary - https://goo.gl/G9e04H Reasoning tricks for Bank PO + SSC CGL- https://goo.gl/a68WRN Error spotting / Sentence correction https://goo.gl/6RbdjC Static GK complete- https://goo.gl/kB0uAo Complete GK + Current Affairs for all exams- https://goo.gl/MKEoLy World History - UPSC / IAS - https://goo.gl/kwU9jC Learn English for SSC CGL, Bank PO https://goo.gl/MoL2it Science and Technology for UPSC/IAS - https://goo.gl/Jm4h8j Philosophy for UPSC/IAS - https://goo.gl/FH9p3n Yojana Magazine analysis -https://goo.gl/8oK1gy History for SSC CGL + Railways NTPC - https://goo.gl/7939eV
Views: 55379 Study IQ education