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Exchange rate regimes: gold standard, fixed and flexible exchange rate (ECO)
 
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Subject : Economic Paper :Advanced Macroeconomics
Views: 18845 Vidya-mitra
The Gold Standard: How Does it Work? Do We Need It?
 
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The Gold Standard: How Does it Work? Do We Need It? 🌟SPECIAL OFFERS: ► Free 30 day Audible Trial & Get 2 Free Audiobooks: https://amzn.to/2Iu08SE ...OR: 🌟 try Audiobooks.com 🎧for FREE! : http://affiliates.audiobooks.com/tracking/scripts/click.php?a_aid=5b8c26085f4b8 The gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is a fixed weight of gold. There are distinct kinds of gold standard. First, the gold specie standard is a system in which the monetary unit is associated with circulating gold coins, or with the unit of value defined in terms of one particular circulating gold coin in conjunction with subsidiary coinage made from a less valuable metal. Similarly, the gold exchange standard typically does not involve the circulation of gold coins, instead using notes or coins made of silver or other metals, but where the authorities guarantee a fixed exchange rate with another country that is on the gold standard. This creates a de facto gold standard, in that the value of the silver coins has a fixed external value in terms of gold that is independent of the inherent silver value. Finally, the gold bullion standard is a system in which gold coins do not circulate, but in which the authorities have agreed to sell gold bullion on demand at a fixed price in exchange for the circulating currency. No country currently uses the gold standard as the basis of its monetary system, although several hold substantial gold reserves. (from Wikipedia) There are strong arguments for and against the gold standard. Others say that neither the Federal Reserve OR the gold standard should exist, and that instead, the U.S. Treasury itself should control the currency supply by issuing a Greenback currency (rather than the PRIVATE Federal Reserve Bank). This position's case has been well made in the documentary film "The Secret of Oz" by Bill Still. Watch "The Secret of Oz" for free on Bill Still's channel: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=swkq2E8mswI&feature=plcp SUBSCRIBE to Bright Enlightenment: http://www.youtube.com/BrightEnlightenment Join the club: http://www.facebook.com/BrightEnlightenment What do you think? Federal Reserve? Gold Standard? U.S. Treasury Greenbacks? Leave a comments, thoughts, and opinions in the comments!
Views: 117860 Bright Enlightenment
BoP adjustment under Gold Standard and under Fixed Exchange rate
 
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Subject:Economics Paper: International economics
Views: 1173 Vidya-mitra
How Exchange Rates Work
 
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● We explain topics simply. So Subscribe if you want to learn while being entertained. ✔ Please like the video and comment if you enjoyed - it helps a lot! ▶ If you want a question answered then ask in the comments and we may make a video about it! About the video: You may have traveled a lot and wondered why you get more of one currency when you exchange it for another. If so, you have witnessed exchange rates in action, but do you know how they work? Watch the video to find out what exchange rates are, how to convert between them and the different systems which determine a currencies exchange rate. Historically the gold standard system had been used, which fixed currency to a select value of gold, held in a vault. The three main systems are the floating, managed and fixed exchange rate systems. The floating system has minimal government intervention, using supply and demand to determine the exchange rate. The managed exchange rate is allowed to be within a permitted band and a fixed exchange rate is usually pegged to a currency with the interest of being competitive in the international market. The video explains this in more detail and with helpful picture to guide you through the subject.
Views: 460599 SimplyExplain
Floating vs. Fixed Exchange Rates- Macroeconomics 5.4
 
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Float it or fix it? Mr. Clifford expalins the difference between floating and fixed exchange rates and how countries peg the value of their currency to another currency. Make sure to watch this video first: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9DVYVfI81R8
Views: 313567 Jacob Clifford
MMT:  A Gold Standard Or Fixed Exchange Rate Reduces Domestic Policy Space
 
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Professor L. Randall Wray on why a fixed exchange rate regime (such as a gold standard) reduces domestic policy space. This is because the government must operate its budget and the economy in such a way as to ensure that it grows the amount of reserves it has, or at minimum maintains it. In an exchange rate peg, the government makes purchases in the market using its own currency and the foreign currency in order to manipulate the price away from its market value. Therefore, the government must ensure that it has the foreign currency it's pegged to. Foreign currency comes into the country when the country exports (sells goods in exchange for foreign currency), and so the country must export more than it imports. The way to do this is with austerity, to keep domestic wages low so your citizens can't import, or to limit imports by law. With a gold standard, the government must ensure that it has a steady supply of gold to meet conversion demand. So, if the government allowed the money supply to increase (like by deficit spending) this would increase the demand for conversion, and eat into the government's gold supply. To combat this, the government can sell bonds (and allow the market determine the interest rate) to lock that money up so its citizens don't convert. In both cases, the amount the government can spend is limited. In a fixed currency exchange rate, too much spending will promote employment, cause wages to rise, leading to rising imports, and decreasing the government's foreign currency reserve. In a gold standard, the government must issue bonds when it deficit spends, and must let the market determine the interest rate, potentially leading to a runaway deficit and forced default. But on a floating exchange rate, neither of these can happen: the government can determine how much to spend and what interest rates should be, without fear of defaulting on any promises. See the whole video here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-KRi9nF8BiA Follow Deficit Owls on Facebook and Twitter: https://www.facebook.com/DeficitOwls/ https://twitter.com/DeficitOwls
Views: 1311 Deficit Owls
What is the Gold Standard? - Learn Liberty
 
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Before 1974, U.S. dollars were backed by gold. This meant that the federal government could not print more money than it could redeem for gold. Learn more: http://bit.ly/1HVAtKP. While this constrained the federal government, it also provided citizens with a relatively stable purchasing power for goods and services. Today's paper currency has no intrinsic value. It is not based on the value of gold or anything else. Under a gold standard, inflation was really limited. With floating value, or fiat, currency, however, some countries have seen inflation reach extremely high levels—sometimes enough to lead to economic collapse. Gold standards have historically provided more stable currencies with lower inflation than fiat currency. Should the United States return to a gold standard? SUBSCRIBE: http://bit.ly/1HVAtKP FOLLOW US: - Website: https://www.learnliberty.org/ - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LearnLiberty - Twitter: https://twitter.com/LearnLiberty - Google +: http://bit.ly/1hi66Zz LEARN LIBERTY Your resource for exploring the ideas of a free society. We tackle big questions about what makes a society free or prosperous and how we can improve the world we live in. Watch more at http://bit.ly/1UleLbP
Views: 308158 Learn Liberty
Floating and Fixed Exchange Rates
 
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This revision video looks at fixed, managed floating and fixed exchange rates and considers some of the advantages / drawbacks of each choice of currency system. A Level Economics Revision Flashcards These superb packs of revision flashcards contain everything you need to cover for AQA & Edexcel A Level Economics A 20% discount is automatically applied if you order 4 or more flashcard packs in the same order! https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/store/selections/alevel-economics-revision-flashcards CONNECT WITH TUTOR2U ECONOMICS Web: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics Twitter: tutor2u Economics: https://twitter.com/tutor2uEcon Twitter: Geoff Riley https://twitter.com/tutor2uGeoff Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/tutor2u Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/tutor2uecon/ MORE HELP WITH A LEVEL & IB ECONOMICS Online webinars: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/events/students/online Revision Workshops: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/events/students/face-to-face Study Notes on every Topic: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/reference/study-notes Key topics: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/topics - - - - - - - - - MORE ABOUT TUTOR2U ECONOMICS: Visit tutor2u Economics for thousands of free study notes, videos, quizzes and more: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics A Level Economics Revision Flashcards: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/store/selections/alevel-economics-revision-flashcards A Level Economics Example Top Grade Essays: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/store/selections/exemplar-essays-for-a-level-economics
Views: 32383 tutor2u
Barry Eichengreen: Pegged exchange rates
 
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Barry Eichengreen, an economist, compares the problems of the gold standard to those of the European Monetary System and the Eurozone. From The Economy, published free online by The CORE Project (http://core-econ.org).
Views: 4139 CORE team
Fixed exchange-rate system
 
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A fixed exchange rate, sometimes called a pegged exchange rate, is a type of exchange rate regime where a currency's value is fixed against either the value of another single currency, to a basket of other currencies, or to another measure of value, such as gold. There are benefits and risks to using a fixed exchange rate. A fixed exchange rate is usually used in order to stabilize the value of a currency by directly fixing its value in a predetermined ratio to a different, more stable or more internationally prevalent currency, to which the value is pegged. In doing so, the exchange rate between the currency and its peg does not change based on market conditions, the way floating currencies will do. This makes trade and investments between the two currency areas easier and more predictable, and is especially useful for small economies in which external trade forms a large part of their GDP. A fixed exchange-rate system can also be used as a means to control the behavior of a currency, such as by limiting rates of inflation. However, in doing so, the pegged currency is then controlled by its reference value. As such, when the reference value rises or falls, it then follows that the value(s) of any currencies pegged to it will also rise and fall in relation to other currencies and commodities with which the pegged currency can be traded. In other words, a pegged currency is dependent on its reference value to dictate how its current worth is defined at any given time. In addition, according to the Mundell–Fleming model, with perfect capital mobility, a fixed exchange rate prevents a government from using domestic monetary policy in order to achieve macroeconomic stability. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 1328 Audiopedia
3.2 Exchange rates - #4 Fixed exchange rates
 
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For IB Economics Online Tutoring: http://teachingIBEconomics.com
Views: 731 Mohamed El-Ashiry
Fixed Exchange Rate System
 
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Fixed Exchange Rate System watch more videos at https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Ms. Madhu Bhatia, Tutorials Point India Private Limited
Exchange Rates Unit:  Fixed Exchange Rate System
 
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Your IB Economics Course Companion! This is video 3 of 10 videos in “The Exchange Rates Series”. Watch the entire series right here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkH_sdGVbD8ADVwIApVuVIMe As a teacher of IB Economics in Santiago, Chile, these videos were created to help Standard Level students navigate their way through their two-year course of study. I have made these videos public in the hope that they might be helpful to other economics students around the world. It is important to note that I use Jocelyn Blink and Ian Dorton's "IB Economics Course Companion" as the primary text in class. As a result, many of these videos use this text as source material. I have found it to be an excellent resource for students. Another source you may find helpful is Jason Welker’s site www.econclassroom.com. Welker’s site and course companions are excellent and have served as another source for these videos. Thank you Jocelyn, Ian, and Jason. I hope you find these videos helpful to your study of IB Economics and please let me know if you have any suggestions to improve them. Enjoy! Brad Cartwright . Follow on Twitter: IB Specific News and Analysis Daily! https://twitter.com/econ_ib . Follow on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/econcoursecompanion/ Support Econ Course Companion: https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&hosted_button_id=CQS377QG4VM4G&source=url
Views: 11073 Econ Course Companion
Fixed and Floating Exchange Rates
 
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Fixed and Floating Exchange Rates - A look at the difference between fixed and floating exchange rates, specifically looking at how fixed exchange rate regimes are managed
Views: 90475 EconplusDal
The Gold Standard Explained in One Minute
 
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A one minute video about the monetary role of gold. As of 1971, the precious metal stopped having such a role altogether and it's interesting to analyze how and why that happened. Through this video, I did just that. Please like, comment and subscribe if you've enjoyed the video. And, of course, a share on Facebook and/or Twitter would be highly appreciated. This channel is still in its infancy, so every bit of help counts. To support the channel, give me a minute (see what I did there?) of your time by visiting OneMinuteEconomics.com and reading my message. Bitcoin donations can be sent to 1AFYgM8Cmiiu5HjcXaP5aS1fEBJ5n3VDck and PayPal donations to [email protected], any and all support is greatly appreciated! Oh and I've also started playing around with Patreon, my link is: https://www.patreon.com/oneminuteeconomics Interested in reading a good book? My first book, Wealth Management 2.0 (through which I do my best to help people manage their wealth properly, whether we're talking about someone who has a huge amount of money at his disposal or someone who is still living paycheck to paycheck), can be bought using the links below: Amazon - https://www.amazon.com/Wealth-Management-2-0-Financial-Professionals-ebook/dp/B01I1WA2BK Barnes & Noble - http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/wealth-management-20-andrei-polgar/1124435282?ean=2940153328942 iBooks (Apple) - https://itun.es/us/wYSveb.l Kobo - https://store.kobobooks.com/en-us/ebook/wealth-management-2-0 My second book, the Wall Street Journal and USA Today bestseller The Age of Anomaly (through which I help people prepare for financial calamities and become more financially resilient in general), can be bought using the links below. Amazon - https://www.amazon.com/Age-Anomaly-Spotting-Financial-Uncertainty-ebook/dp/B078SYL5YS Barnes & Noble - https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/the-age-of-anomaly-andrei-polgar/1127084693?ean=2940155383970 iBooks (Apple) - https://itunes.apple.com/us/book/age-anomaly-spotting-financial-storms-in-sea-uncertainty/id1331704265 Kobo - https://www.kobo.com/ww/en/ebook/the-age-of-anomaly-spotting-financial-storms-in-a-sea-of-uncertainty Last but not least, if you'd like to follow me on social media, use one of the links below: https://www.facebook.com/oneminuteeconomics https://twitter.com/andreipolgar https://ro.linkedin.com/in/andrei-polgar-9a11a561
Views: 128828 One Minute Economics
Fixed exchange rates
 
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In this video you will learn how fixed exchange rate systems work, their advantages and disadvantages and what is meant by devaluation and revaluation.
Views: 7300 EnhanceTuition
Malaysia's Prime Minister Proposes Currency Pegged To Gold - RTD Quick Take
 
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Thanks for watching this RTD Quick Take. Share your thoughts below and don't forget to subscribe for more quick thoughts throughout the day. Here is the link to the article mentioned in this RTD Quick Take: #Malaysia's Mahathir proposes common East Asia #currency pegged to #gold https://www.reuters.com/article/us-malaysia-currency-idUSKCN1T00FX Join the RTD Gold Team and partner with me in Getting Your Weight Up... (Karatbar Gold Opportunity) - http://bit.ly/RTD_goldteam Get FREE educational reading & interview resources at RTD website:  1. The Simplicity of Money (4 Things You Didn’t Learn In School) -       https://www.rethinkingthedollar.com/education/ 2. 5 Reasons To Hold Precious Metals Before The Next Recession       – http://bit.ly/5ReasonsEbook 3. RTD University (30+ hours of video interviews from authors, economist & commentators)     http://bit.ly/RTD_University Support the Rethinking the Dollar channel: 1. Donate Cryptocurrency:          https://www.rethinkingthedollar.com/donate 2. Patreon (Monthly membership): https://www.patreon.com/rtd 3. Get RTD merchandise:          https://www.rethinkingthedollar.com/store DISCLAIMER: The financial and political opinions expressed in this video are those of the guest and not necessarily of "Rethinking the Dollar". Opinions expressed in this video should not be relied on for making investment decisions, tax advice and do not constitute personalized investment advice. The information shared is for the sole purpose of education. education.
Views: 1873 Rethinking the Dollar
Fixed exchange rates
 
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AS Level Economics A Level Economics
Views: 474 G Conomics
Forced Government Default Can Only Happen On Foreign-Currency Debt Or Fixed Exchange Rates
 
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Discussion of what can force a government to default, and a few historical examples. If a government issues its own currency and makes no other promises (such as a fixed exchange rate or to peg the price of gold) then it can never be forced to default. They might do so for political reasons or because they are stupid, but they can't be forced. On the other hand, if the government makes some sort of promise to peg or borrows in a foreign currency then it can be forced to default. If it borrows in a currency that it can't issue, then it may wind up in a situation where it doesn't have any of that currency left and can't easily get any. If the government pegs an exchange rate or the price of gold, then it must have sufficient reserves of that currency/gold to be able to maintain the peg (to maintain a gold peg for instance, it must buy gold if the price drops too low, or sell gold if the price rises too high). If there are too many people trying to convert and the government is running out of reserves, it can offer bonds (and let the market determine the interest rate) to try to lock up some of its own currency so it can't be converted. If the people don't trust the ability of the government to maintain the peg, then there might be no interest rate high enough to prevent people from converting. See the whole video here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=leXHTTOLzO4&list=PLKvPLZsgEcXSbdqMUTc-4usIO-9f0xBlc&index=4&spfreload=5
Views: 1316 Deficit Owls
Fixed Exchange Rate
 
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See more videos at: http://talkboard.com.au/ In this video, we look at the central government can fix the value of the currency either above or below the fundamental value.
Views: 13996 talkboard.com.au
V-93 Foreign exchange || Foreign Exchange Rate || Fixed Exchange Rate
 
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This video explains the meaning of Foreign exchange. It also explains Foreign Exchange Rate. It covers Fixed Exchange Rate System. With the help of this video students can understand Gold Standard System of Exchange Rate & Adjustable Peg System of Exchange Rate easily. It also covers Merits & Demerits of Fixed Exchange Rate System. #ForeignExchange #ForeignExchangeRate #FixedExchangeRate V- 92 Control of Credit https://youtu.be/G3ovQ6Q6i3Q V-91 Functions of Central Bank https://youtu.be/_7D0FikUTIw V- 90 Credit Creation by Commercial Banks https://youtu.be/a7mYRefO_Zw V-89 Functions of Commercial Banks https://youtu.be/BIZthn4lrHg V-88 Money Supply || Measures of Money Supply https://youtu.be/AFE0CxTuUws V-87 Functions of Money || Definition of Money https://youtu.be/vaa4RG7pSc0 V-86 Evolution of Money || Forms of Money https://youtu.be/UbTwN9L-OfE V-85 Barter System || Limitations of Barter System https://youtu.be/gMRoIREZSig V-84 Measures to correct Deficient Demand https://youtu.be/vVrbyfpZ1F4 V-83 Deficient Demand || Impact of Deficient Demand || Causes of Deficient Demand https://youtu.be/oTJbM2Qo-VM V-82 Measures to Correct Excess Demand https://youtu.be/InmaxzyqK44 V-81 Excess Demand || Impact of Excess Demand || Causes of Excess Demand https://youtu.be/nV03pvqmjF0 V-80 Numericals of Investmemt Multiplier https://youtu.be/qDc-IHziccg V-79 Investment Multiplier || Mechanism of Multiplier https://youtu.be/yJk0CDh0gT0 V-78 Full Employment || Frictional Unemployment || Structural Unemployment https://youtu.be/FImHxftaDGI V-77 Solved Numericals of Equilibrium level of Income https://youtu.be/ZFWw2nmkgLE V-76 Saving - Investment Approach https://youtu.be/7321Kv1LXpE V-75 Aggregate Demand - Aggregate Supply Approach https://youtu.be/5_ZOHl6CX9k V-74 Solved Numericals of Consumption Function & Saving Function https://youtu.be/nzo6qC8d8gw V-73 Derivation of Consumption Curve & Saving curve https://youtu.be/eO8YIs2uGEw V-72 Relationship between APC & APS || Relationship between MPC & MPS https://youtu.be/qdExdC8eyqc V-71 Average Propensity to Save || Marginal Propensity to Save https://youtu.be/Br5sp7stuAI V-70 Saving Function https://youtu.be/oC_R0z0ZmQk V-69 Average Propensity to Consume || Marginal Propensity to Consume https://youtu.be/qHXHtQaXi80 V-68 Consumption Function https://youtu.be/7FEfMMSNWvE V-67 Aggregate Supply || Components of Aggregate Supply https://youtu.be/7Wn11AuGmcw V-66 Aggregate Demand || Components of Aggregate Demand https://youtu.be/d6tqzGoT03w V-65 Numericals of Expenditure Method https://youtu.be/Oanxj-zhW8M V-64 Precautions of Expenditure Method https://youtu.be/JaGqFqUJLck V - 63 Expenditure Method https://youtu.be/5tAaqCngZLA V-62 Numericals of Income Method https://youtu.be/isJsJJVlLQk V - 61 Precautions of Income Method https://youtu.be/Sy7NZbZnBec V-60 Income Method https://youtu.be/lMj-U7l94-s V-59 Numericals of Value Added Method https://youtu.be/9cw0JLqcjaw V-58 Problem of Double Counting || Precautions of Value Added Method https://youtu.be/H53GAm7AnIU V-57 Value Added Method of National Income ||Product Method of National Income . https://youtu.be/4PPDOQfcITw V-56 GDP & Welfare || Green GDP https://youtu.be/pjPLPRJT2N0 V- 55 Nominal GDP || Real GDP || GDP Deflator https://youtu.be/_BLlYQJ1QdI V-54 National Disposable Income || Gross National Disposable Income | https://youtu.be/GnHwX3dHcww V- 53 Personal Income || Personal Disposable Income https://youtu.be/ewNv9yiSeOo V- 52 Private Income || Numericals of Private Income https://youtu.be/-4npiqjr76w V-51 Market Price|| Factor Cost|| National Income Aggregates https://youtu.be/cKqrR8TE_AQ V - 50 Domestic Territory || Normal Resident || GDP || GNP https://youtu.be/T41l2plxiIM V-49 Depreciation || Investment || Gross Investment || Net Investment https://youtu.be/giAgmYtnt8g V-48 Stock & Flow https://youtu.be/l2D3zGjlrkE V- 47 Circular flow of income https://youtu.be/XuhoW2eMTyY V-46 Final Goods || Intermediate Goods || Consumer Goods || Capital Goods https://youtu.be/QS-2xTBhj-M
Views: 346 Economics Point
#72, Foreign exchange rate (Class 12 macroeconomics)
 
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Class 12 macroeconomics ..... Foreign exchange rate.... Foreign exchange.... Types of foreign exchange rate ..... Depreciation and appreciation of currency.... Contact for my book 7690041256 Economics on your tips video 72 Our books are now available on Amazon Economics on your tips Macroeconomics ( new edition ) https://www.amazon.in/dp/B07R561YKH/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_apa_i_3wVXCbE2Z9DZE Economics on your tips Microeconomics http://amzn.in/d/cZykZVK Official series of playlists UG courses ( bcom, bba, bca, ba, honours) – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGirAqOr-hU8e-N_Nz0UpgJ- Micro economics complete course – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGg5n3YU6oEV7_HIzBuEbbOz Macro economics complete course- https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGg2ORORpILqiDR1gyH3MkXw Statistics complete course- https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGjrAkDyeMioJ7DEexAEeVdt National income – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGjpE-1V4uz_0wvvbZQnSsj_ In order to promote us and help us grow Paytm on - 7690041256
Views: 443104 Economics on your tips
How Bretton-Woods Fell Apart
 
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Professor Perry Mehrling discussing the structure and fall of the Bretton-Woods international monetary system. In this system, the dollar was pegged to gold at $35 per ounce, then all other national currencies were pegged to the dollar at fixed exchanges rates. Then SDRs (Special Drawing Rights) could also be used to settle international payments. This system was put into place in 1946 until it fell apart in 1971. The reason it fell apart was because the supply of international dollars was growing faster than the supply of gold. This happened because of US trade deficits, but also because they lent dollars into existence to foreign nations to finance development. But as the supply of dollars started to get much larger than the stock of gold that the US held, it started to put pressure on the dollar exchange rate with gold. We could have revalued gold, but we didn't until it was too late. When countries started demanding payments in gold instead of dollars, Nixon chose to end convertibility into gold. This ended the Bretton-Woods system, and began the era of floating exchange rates, which we still are in today. This was a monumental moment for the world, because on a floating exchange rate, a government is capable of pursuing full employment through a Job Guarantee policy (more on that here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KSw0ROvM6QM&t=344s&index=1&list=PLZJAgo9FgHWZHiVWJyW2KzOWsIresj_N2). Watch the whole lecture here: https://www.coursera.org/learn/money-banking/lecture/iMZY8/the-dollar-system Take the whole course here: https://www.coursera.org/learn/money-banking/home/welcome Follow Deficit Owls on Facebook and Twitter: https://www.facebook.com/DeficitOwls/ https://twitter.com/DeficitOwls
Views: 23860 Deficit Owls
Fixed vs Floating Exchange Rates
 
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AEI scholar Derek Scissors defines and compares fixed vs. floating exchange rates as part of this Tax Foundation University lecture series on the economics of trade.
Views: 2225 TaxFoundation
Origins of Money - First Form of Quantitative Easing and the Gold Standard Part 3
 
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Origins of Money - First Form of Quantitative Easing and the Gold Standard Part 3 http://www.financial-spread-betting.com/academy/bitcoin.html PLEASE LIKE AND SHARE THIS VIDEO SO WE CAN DO MORE! Coin clipping - First form of Quantitive Easing (QE) - Many rulers would clip gold/silver coins - Smelt down and redeem value of shavings - “cry down” the assigned value of a specific coin - Ruler could recant promise to pay IOU at a certain rate to clear their debts - Subjects would have to come up with more money to pay their debts - From mid-20th century onwards – because precious metal wears down easily coins have been created with steel or copper-nickel alloy Kreditivsedlar - Europe's first banknotes (1661) Stockholms Banco - Began to make out credit notes in round denominations which were freely transferable and backed by the promise of future payment in precious metal - These banknotes became very popular very quickly, simply because they were much easier to carry than precious metal - A note could be sent in an envelope - previously the large coins had to be transported by horse and cart Bank of England (1694) - Setup by William III to finance The Royal Navy for war against France - Privately owned bank Lent £1.2 million (large sum for the time) - Issue banknotes against coinage - Banknotes became the de facto currency as acceptance of payment for taxation The Gold Standard Era (18th – 20th Century) A gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is based on a fixed quantity of gold. - gold specie standard - the monetary unit is associated with the value of circulating gold coins - gold bullion standard - gold coins do not circulate, but the authorities agree to sell gold bullion on demand at a fixed price in exchange for the circulating currency. - gold exchange standard - government guarantees a fixed exchange rate to the currency of another country that uses a gold standard (specie or bullion) Arguments for the Gold Standard - Kept inflation down - Fixed international exchange rates and reduced uncertainty in international trade - Ensures governments live within their means – cannot spend beyond their value of gold reserves Arguments against the Gold Standard Protected savings of the wealthy Lead to people hoarding money in times of crisis Shut down credit growth Generated bankruptcies Led to unemployment
Views: 256 UKspreadbetting
Gold Standard (HINDI)
 
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Gold standard or the classical gold standard as it is known is an important phase (1870s - 1914) in the evolution of international monetary system. it is important for the reason that it had in-built mechanism for ensuring that a country's balance of payment will be balance. no country can sustain deficit or the surplus in BoP in the long term. Exchange rate stability was also ensured under it due to the auto corrective mechanism. Therefore gold standard naturally becomes the reference point whenever we analyse any international monetary system. It came to an end because of the1st world war. Attempts to revive it after the war did not succeed.
Views: 7112 E.Z. Classes
TYBCOM - Economics - Exchange Rate Systems - Introduction  Demo
 
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We begin this video with the introduction of how was the foreign exchange rate determined and what are the two different types of exchange rates - fixed and flexible. We begin with the first fixed exchange - Gold Standard and then proceed to the USA Dollar standard
Views: 474 Graduate Guru
Fixed Exchange rate & Floating Exchange Rate ? Hindi / Urdu
 
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This Video Give the basic concept of Fixed Exchange rate VS Floating Exchange Rate in Hindi / Urdu For More Informational & Educational Video Visit ZPZ Education Channel & Subscribe Must ZPZ Education For More Latest or new Videos. ZPZ Education Channel Link: www.youtube.com/channel/UCwFzeQDf9cGm_ZeTXV_t5SA
Views: 7374 ZPZ Education
Bretton Wood system (HINDI)
 
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International monetary system prevailed during 1945 - 1976 is also known as the Bretton Wood system. As the United Nation's Monetary and Financial Conference was held in Bretton Wood, New Hampshire, USA, the agreement that came out of this conference is called Bretton Wood Agreement. Conference was held to take stock of situation resulted from the devastation of World War II and complete collapse of gold standard as the international monetary system. Classical gold standard was collapse with beginning of World War I but during inter-war period efforts were made to revive it but the classical gold standard could not be restored. So at this point of time there was almost a total absence of the monetary system that would facilitate international trade. Two institutions were created by the BW agreement - International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IRBD) and International Monetary Fund 9IMF). The latter was to put in place an international monetary system. Member countries were to contribute to the IMF their agreed quota. Each member country would be represented in the Board and the voting power would be according the amount their respective quota. .system put in place was following: US$ was accepted as the payment currency for international transactions as US has agreed to exchange the $ with gold at a fixed rate (1 ounce of gold = $1). all the member countries were required to declare the exchange rate of their currencies in terms of $. This exchange rate was supposed to remain fixed. Countries would not devalue their currencies without the approval from the board which could be accorded in very restrictive conditions. Virtually it initiated an era of fixed exchange rate. As $ became acceptable currency US has very liberally imported the goods resulting in the accumulation of its short term liabilities abroad. Us had issued $ in excess of what its gold reserves would allowed it to issue. Its domestic expenditure too have increased substantially. It was engaged in Vietnam War that made it spend more. In view of these developments US in 1971 has announced that it would no longer abide by its pledge of $ convertibility. The decision is termed as Nixon (the US President) shock. Latter in 1976 in Jamaica conference floating exchange rates were formally accepted, thus bringing the BW system to an end. #YOUCANLEARNECONOMICS #ECONOMICS Subscribe me @ http://youtube.com/c/EZClassesfaghsa Like me on Facebook @ https://www.facebook.com/faghsa/ Follow me on Twitter @ https://twitter.com/?lang=en
Views: 6902 E.Z. Classes
Fixed and Floating Exchange Rates
 
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​This is a video recording of a revision webinar looking at the economics of floating, managed floating and fixed exchange rates. ​​ - - - - - - - - - MORE ABOUT TUTOR2U ECONOMICS: Visit tutor2u Economics for thousands of free study notes, videos, quizzes and more: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics A Level Economics Revision Flashcards: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/store/selections/alevel-economics-revision-flashcards A Level Economics Example Top Grade Essays: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/store/selections/exemplar-essays-for-a-level-economics
Views: 10072 tutor2u
#27 Foreign exchange Rate part-2 class 12 macroeconomics | Determination of Flexible exchange rate
 
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Hello friends.... Foreign exchange rate class 12 economics.... Fixed exchange rate system class 12 economics... Flexible exchange rate system of foreign exchange.. Determination of flexible exchange rate ..... Process of determination of flexible exchange rate.... Managed floating class 12 macroeconomics.... Gold system of exchange rate.... Bretton wood system of exchange rate... Exchange rate mechanism class 12 Exchange rate management..... Foreign exchange rate part-1 class 12 macroeconomics https://youtu.be/fn_cwPphjFE *********************************************** Contact me at Whatsapp-8802919803 Email me- [email protected] **************************************************
Views: 1011 Azam classes
L3/P5: IMF, SDR, Quota reform & Gold standard Exchange rate
 
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Language: Hindi, Topics Covered: 1. Bretton Woods conference and the origin of International monetary fund 2. IMF: structure and functions 3. What is gold standard exchange rate regime? Why did it fail? 4. What are special drawing rights (SDRs)? 5. Value of individual SDR and its utility 6. Criticism against IMF and the need for need for reforms in it? 7. IMF Reforms: (1) Quota reforms (2) governance structure reforms 8. BRICS Bank vs AIIB (Self study) Powerpoint available at http://Mrunal.org/download Exam-Utility: UPSC CSAT, CDS, CAPF, Bank, RBI, IBPS, SSC and other competitive exams, IIM, XLRI, MBA interviews and GDPI Venue: Sardar Patel Institute of Public Administration (SPIPA), Satellite, Ahmedabad, Gujarat,India
Views: 206588 Mrunal Patel
Fixed Exchange Rate and Flexible Exchange Rate | International Trade & Balance of Payment Economics
 
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To watch all videos on International Trade & Balance of Payment, visit playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLU2YP04_LRDukL62h5xlImJ_RNOarY745 Fixed Exchange Rate and Flexible Exchange Rate | International Trade & Balance of Payment | Economics Videos | Mathur Sir Classes #InternationalTrade #BalanceofPayment #Economics #bcom #CA #CS #bba #MathurSirClasses If you like this video and wish to support this EDUCATION channel, please contribute via, * Paytm a/c : 9830489610 * Paypal a/c : www.paypal.me/mathursirclasses [Every contribution is helpful] Thanks & All the Best WE NEED YOUR SUPPORT TO GROW UP..SO HELP US!! Hope you guys like this one. If you do, please hit Like!!! Please Share it with your friends! Thank You! Please SUBSCRIBE for more videos. Video Recording and Editing by - Gyankaksh Educational Institute (9051378712) https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCFzUEzxnRDsbWIA5rnappwQ
Views: 3966 Mathur Sir Classes
TYBCOM - Economics - Exchange Rate Systems- Dollar Standard Demo
 
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We continue this video with the Dollar standard and the collapse of the dollar standard. We also present all the arguments in favour of the Fixed Exchange Rate systems and why did world move towards flexible exchange rates
Views: 335 Graduate Guru
Foreign exchange rate and its types
 
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In this video I am explaining the topic of Foreign exchange Foreign exchange rate Currency depreciation Currency appreciation Types of foreign exchange rate - Fixed exchange rate Floating exchange rate Managed floating exchange rate Plz like and share the video Subscribe my channel to watch more videos of class Xll economics Give your comments at [email protected]
Pt7. How did the Gold Standard benefit world trade?
 
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We look at how the Gold Standard and therefore by definition, fixed exchange rates, made trading more convenient by eliminating any risk of exchange rate volatility.
Views: 2721 Symmetricinfo
A brief history of money - From gold to bitcoin and cryptocurrencies
 
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https://www.udemy.com/blockchain-for-business-the-new-industrial-revolution/?couponCode=YOUTUBE A brief history of money - let's consider the concept of money as an abstraction of value. Money is as old as human civilisation and civilisation itself is reliant on possessing ways in which to exchange, account for, and transfer value. What once started as barter trade (trading goods for goods) was replaced using standardized token money. Gold and silver were the first universally accepted natural choices for money. Actually, they fit the bill so well that they were the primary form of money for centuries across the globe and have been instilled in human culture... I bet when I say "gold" you instinctively think of value or wealth. After this came paper money – a more user-friendly way to carry and move around value compared to precious metals. China was the first to adopt it in the 7th century. The first European banknotes weren't issued until the 17th century. It took people several centuries to accept the new paradigm at the time and shift from gold and silver coins to banknotes backed by these same precious metals as the widely used form of money. This led to the birth of 'the gold standard'. The banknotes themselves didn't hold any intrinsic value like gold and silver coins do. Instead, paper money was backed by precious metals (like gold and silver) stored in a treasury vault somewhere. This was the case until 1944. At the end of World War II, yet another related system was introduced, the "gold exchange standard", under the Bretton Woods agreement. This meant that many countries fixed their national currencies’ exchange rates to the US dollar which was in turn convertible to gold at a fixed rate. Not only that, but this convertibility was no longer available to individuals or companies, only to central banks. However, the Bretton Woods system ended in 1971, when the US dollar convertibility to gold was terminated. So long "the gold standard" and commodity-linked money. Paper money is no longer backed by gold or anything else tangible but just faith! Welcome to the world of fiat currencies! So how does paper hold any value if it's not backed by anything? Well, that's where concepts like legal tender come in. The fiat system, which we still use today, has governments assign value to a currency, declaring it a legal tender. This means a government decides whether a medium of payment will be recognised for financial transactions, trade settlement or commerce in a country or jurisdiction. Throughout all these stages we had an idea of value in our mind but it has evolved hand in hand with our civilisation and technology. From something you can touch and actually use, to something you can touch but cannot use except for trade, to just an abstract idea. On facebook: https://www.facebook.com/365careers/ On the web: http://www.365careers.com/ On twitter: https://twitter.com/365careers Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/365careers
Views: 9396 365 Careers
What Is The Gold Standard - How Does It Work - (TheLibertarianChannel)
 
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Follow us on Twitter at @CaseyCockfield The Gold Standard: How Does it Work? Do We Need It? The gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is a fixed weight of gold. There are distinct kinds of gold standard. First, the gold specie standard is a system in which the monetary unit is associated with circulating gold coins, or with the unit of value defined in terms of one particular circulating gold coin in conjunction with subsidiary coinage made from a less valuable metal. Similarly, the gold exchange standard typically does not involve the circulation of gold coins, instead using notes or coins made of silver or other metals, but where the authorities guarantee a fixed exchange rate with another country that is on the gold standard. This creates a de facto gold standard, in that the value of the silver coins has a fixed external value in terms of gold that is independent of the inherent silver value. Finally, the gold bullion standard is a system in which gold coins do not circulate, but in which the authorities have agreed to sell gold bullion on demand at a fixed price in exchange for the circulating currency. No country currently uses the gold standard as the basis of its monetary system, although several hold substantial gold reserves. (from Wikipedia) There are strong arguments for and against the gold standard. Others say that neither the Federal Reserve OR the gold standard should exist, and that instead, the U.S. Treasury itself should control the currency supply by issuing a Greenback currency (rather than the PRIVATE Federal Reserve Bank). This position's case has been well made in the documentary film "The Secret of Oz" by Bill Still. For more information PLEASE SUBSCRIBE to this pure Libertarian YouTube channel, and follow us at @CaseyCockfield on Twitter. Other popular hashtags to use on Twitters are: #Liberty #tcot #Libertarian #Infowars #Freedom
Views: 2247 Casey Cockfield
What is DUAL EXCHANGE RATE? What does DUAL EXCHANGE RATE mean? DUAL EXCHANGE RATE meaning
 
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What is DUAL EXCHANGE RATE? What does DUAL EXCHANGE RATE mean? DUAL EXCHANGE RATE meaning - DUAL EXCHANGE RATE definition - DUAL EXCHANGE RATE explanation. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - http://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ?sub_confirmation=1 Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. In economics, a dual exchange rate is the occurrence of two different values of a currency for different sets of monetary transactions. One of the most common types consists of a government setting one exchange rate for specific transactions involving foreign exchange and another exchange rate governing other transactions. A dual exchange rate policy can arise for a variety of reasons. In the past European and Latin American countries have used dual exchange rates to ease the transition from a fixed rate to a floating rate. Dual exchange rates are similar to multiple exchange rates in that they can appear when there is simultaneously both an official and black market rate. In the gold standard and the Bretton Woods system, the major developed countries mainly implemented fixed exchange rate systems. Due to the devaluation of the pound around the 1970s and the collapse of the Bretton Woods system, many developed countries switched to floating exchange rates. In 1971, France started to adopt the dual exchange rate system. After that, in 1973, Italy also adopted this system. Both countries maintained these dual exchange rate systems through the early 1970s. The Belgium–Luxembourg Economic Union has been using this system since the early 1990s. Around the same time, many Latin American countries also shifted from a single exchange rate system to a dual exchange rate system or a multiple exchange rate system. With the structural adjustment to international trade that has occurred since the mid-1980s, especially the deepening of trade reform, Latin American countries have begun gradually abandoning multiple exchange rate systems, favoring instead the implementation of single exchange rate systems. From 1981 to 1985, during a period of Chinese economic reform, China formally implemented a dual exchange rate system. After 1985, China appeared in the foreign exchange market and the official exchange rate coexisted with a market-determined exchange rate. This system, though, didn't last long and was abandoned in 1994. From 1985 to 1995, South Africa also implemented a dual exchange rate system, and achieved remarkable results. The advantages of dual exchange systems are tied primarily to their ability to prevent capital movements from affecting the current account and the exchange rate for current transactions by separating the exchange market for capital transactions and the exchange market for current transactions. Dual exchange systems are oftentimes used as a short-term alternative to placing quantitative controls on capital movements, especially in cases where a country may be transitioning between exchange rate types.. Dual exchange rates are oftentimes used to stabilize currency values when countries face financial crises. Because most modern financial crises are preceded by substantial inflows and outflows of short to medium-term loans (which create financial instability), countries may implement dual exchange markets in order to discourage undesirable capital imports. Dual exchange rates are able to discourage these undesirable imports while maintaining desirable capital imports and allowing the exchange rate of the current account market to remain independent of the exchange rate of the capital account market, thereby preventing substantial negative effects on the current account. This separation will prevent the current account exchange rate from devaluing or overvaluing a country’s exports and may prevent inflation that would otherwise take place due to the inflows of undesirable capital imports.....
Views: 263 The Audiopedia
Effect of Exchange Rate on Domestic Gold Prices  - Jayant Manglik - Religare Online
 
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Effect of Exchange Rate on Domestic Gold Prices. Jayant Manglik, President of Retail Distribution at Religare Securities Limited, answers this question in video. Visit www.religareonline.com to know more.
Views: 509 Religare
Nixon Ends Bretton Woods International Monetary System
 
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On August 15, 1971, President Nixon announced on TV 3 dramatic changes in economic policy. He imposed a wage-price freeze. He ended the Bretton Woods international monetary system. And he imposed a temporary surcharge (tariff) on all imports. The Bretton Woods system was created towards the end of World War II and involved fixed exchange rates with the U.S. dollar as the key currency - but also a role for gold linked to the dollar at $35/ounce. The system began to falter in the 1960s because of an excess of dollars flowing out of the U.S. which foreign central banks had to absorb. A run on gold in 1968 was stemmed by a patch on Bretton Woods known as the two-tier gold system. All of this was ended unilaterally by the Nixon decision. After a brief attempt to create a modified fixed exchange rate system, the world moved to flexible rates.
Views: 336198 danieljbmitchell
Determination of foreign exchange rate and foreign exchange market.    Class Xll Economics
 
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In this video I am explaining the topic of determination of foreign exchange rate Change in foreign exchange rate Foreign exchange market Spot market Forward market Plz like and share the video Subscribe my channel to watch more videos of class Xll Economics. If you have any doubt, feel free to ask me at [email protected]
Why Foreign Currency Reserves Are Important – A Beginners Guide
 
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http://illuminatisilver.com http://facebook.com/illuminatisilver Why Foreign Currency Reserves Are Important Today is Sunday 18th December 2016 and we are providing an explanation as to what Foreign Currency Reserves are and why they are important. We are too well aware that many of our subscribers have differing experiences with and knowledge of; markets, foreign currencies and International currency trading issues. So as a guide for those who are perhaps less experienced in these areas we thought we would provide a brief definition and general guide as to what they are why such reserves are important and how various Governments use them. Foreign Currency Reserves (Forex Reserves) is the amount of foreign currencies that are held by the Central Bank of a country. In general use, foreign currency reserves may also include gold and IMF reserves such as SDR’s or Special Drawing Rights. 2 Main Reasons for Holding Foreign Currency Reserves are: 1. To influence the exchange Rate. With large foreign exchange reserves, a country can target a certain exchange rate. For example, suppose a country wanted to increase the value of its currency, it could sell it’s dollar reserves to buy its own currency on the foreign exchange markets. The increased demand for this currency would appreciate its value. An example of the opposite of this happening and to which President-Elect Trump has made reference during the Election campaign, is the case of China who have historically been trying to keep the Yuan undervalued by selling Yuan and buying Dollars thereby improving their export prospects to overseas markets – by flooding them with ‘cheap goods’. This is why China has so many Dollar reserves in excess of $3 trillion worth at the current time. 2. To act as a Guarantor for Liabilities such as External Debt. If a country holds substantial foreign debt, holding foreign currency reserves can help to give more confidence in the country’s ability to pay. If countries have dwindling foreign currency reserves, there is likely to be deterioration in a country’s credit worthiness. There are Problems however in holding Foreign Currency Reserves: 1. Foreign Currency Reserves are rarely sufficient to target a certain exchange rate. If speculators sell heavily, then a currency will fall despite the best efforts of a Central Bank. e.g. In 1992, the UK lost billions of pounds trying to protect the value of Sterling when it was in the Exchange Rate Mechanism. Eventually, the UK authorities had to admit defeat and devalue the pound. This was the time when the much maligned George Soros made a $1 billion in betting against the Bank of England. 2. Inflation Erodes Value. The problem with holding foreign currency reserves is that they can lose their value. Inflation erodes the value of currencies not fixed against gold for example. Therefore, a Central Bank will need to keep buying foreign reserves to maintain the same purchasing power in markets. 3. They may lose Money on Currency Changes. In theory a Central Bank can make money through the appreciation of other currencies it holds. However, many Central Banks have been losing money through the long term decline in the value of the dollar for example, though recently this situation has reversed. Knowing all of this now, hopefully when you hear that a country has embarked on a policy of selling its US Dollar foreign currency reserves, such as China has recently, rather than assuming it’s because it no longer has confidence in that currency, which many of the gold and silver pumpers would have you believe, which admittedly could be one reason, it could also be because it is trying to maintain or prop up the value of its own currency - the Yuan - for which it has exchanged those dollars or even taking profits on some of the reserves it owns, especially when the dollar is gaining strength. Please view our recent videos: Gold and Silver Update w/e 16th December 2016 https://youtu.be/ulTkoUYUoFA Ignore the Dollar Collapse Fear Mongering – Rants Illuminati Silver https://youtu.be/5iOG7-_vvF0 Gold nanotechnology and AMD - Blindness https://youtu.be/jNry9Q8aaQs Fed raises Rates - More to Come - Gold and Silver prices fall https://youtu.be/3NMz7kZf4eA Oil prices Jump 6% – Good News for Gold and Silver prices https://youtu.be/yEPyvytaV5Y Why is Donald Trump upsetting the Chinese Bear? https://youtu.be/tB_f9yO9KsI FED, Gold, Silver, Interest rates and Markets 2016 https://youtu.be/DhUGxJtDmiQ Gold and Silver Update w/e 9th December 2016 https://youtu.be/1QX6134XbPU Why Silver May Outshine Gold (cont.) https://youtu.be/tWqrbebJuZ4 ECB Extends QE but Tapers it – Gold prices rise in Euro terms. https://youtu.be/DaOKkkEn-Ug Financial Armageddon – The Final Days https://youtu.be/CNl3RCMSpOo
Views: 15024 Illuminati Silver
Gold is Turkey’s Only Hope At Saving The Lira - Expert
 
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The only chance that Turkey has to stabilize the lira and stop further depreciation is to establish a currency board and anchor the lira to another reserve, like gold, said Steve Hanke, professor of Applied Economics at the Johns Hopkins University and senior fellow at the Cato Institute. “Under a currency board arrangement that was gold-based, the lira would trade at a fixed exchange rate to gold, be freely convertible, and it would be fully backed 100% by gold. So, the lira would literally be as as good as gold,” Hanke told Kitco News. Hanke noted that under this arrangement, inflation in Turkey would “collapse,” from 100% on an annual basis down to “almost nothing, overnight,” further stabilizing the lira. He added that this currency board arrangement is Turkey’s only option at preventing further lira depreciation at this point, as by definition, capital controls under a currency board with a fixed currency is not possible, and raising interest rates would also not be economically sound policy given the high inflation rate. “There’s no way that the lira will stabilize with the current system that they have. The inflation rate, as I measure it, is around 100% in Turkey right now, on an annual basis, and that implies that to get a real yield that’s positive, you’d have to have interest rates over 100% and that of course, that will kill the Turkish economy,” he said. Hanke added that Turkey is no stranger to lira collapses, as their currency has witnessed similar rapid depreciation in the past. “They’re slow learners,” he said. _________________________________________________________________ Kitco News is the world’s #1 source of metals market information. Our videos feature interviews with prominent industry figures to bring you market-affecting insights, with the goal of helping people make informed investment decisions. Subscribe to our channel to stay up to date on the latest insights moving the metals markets. For more breaking news, visit http://www.kitco.com/ Follow us on social media: Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/KitcoNews/?ref=br_rs Twitter - https://twitter.com/kitconewsnow Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/0/116266490328854474588 StockTwits - https://stocktwits.com/kitconews Live gold price and charts: http://www.kitco.com/gold-price-today-usa/ Live silver price and charts: http://www.kitco.com/silver-price-today-usa/ Don’t forget to sign up for Kitco News’ Weekly Roundup – comes out every Friday to recap the hottest stories & videos of the week: https://connect.kitco.com/subscription/newsletter.html Join the conversation @ The Kitco Forums and be part of the premier online community for precious metals investors: https://gold-forum.kitco.com/ Disclaimer: Videos are not trading advice and the views expressed may not reflect those of Kitco Metals Inc.
Views: 54389 Kitco NEWS
The Determinants of Exchange Rates in a Floating Exchange Rate System
 
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To understand how a country's currency might appreciate or depreciate, you must understand the variable that can affect demand or supply for the currency on the forex market. This lesson will introduce a useful acronym (TIPSY) for remembering the determinants of exchange rates, and evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of floating exchange rate systems. Want to learn more about economics, or just be ready for an upcoming quiz, test or end of year exam? Jason Welker is available for tutoring, IB internal assessment and extended essay support, and other services to support economics students and teachers. Learn more here! http://econclassroom.com/?page_id=5870
Views: 32837 Jason Welker