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TRIPS (Trade Related of Intellectual Property Rights) - The Hindu Editorial Decode
 
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TRIPS(Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) video deal with the IAS preparation. TRIPS(Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) would help you in in IAS 2017 exam and IAS 2018 exam. TRIPS(Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) tutorial deals with Patent ,Trips , Trips plus dissected Video by BrainyIAS for IAS Preparation. How to prepare for IAS exam, Best IAS Coaching, IAS Civil Services Syllabus, Study Material for IAS Exam, IAS Civil Services Exam, UPSC Preparation, Tips for IAS, Material for IAS Preparation, UPSC Exam Material, IAS How to prepare, Other good resources: , IAS preparation tips, How to prepare for IAS 2015,free ias classes, TRIPS(Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) TRIPS(Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) TRIPS(Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) TRIPS(Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "What is Bhima koregaon issue? | Current Affairs-6th Class" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HH4smPm8G5s -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 19374 Brainy IAS
Trade-related Intellectual Property rights
 
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http://www.wto.org/ 11.07.07 Does the TRIPS agreement strike the right balance? The speakers Celine Charveriat, head of Oxfams advocacy office in Geneva and Harvey Bale, Director General of the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association discuss whether the TRIPS agreement strikes the right balance between the rights of governments and the rights of patent holders. Each speaker has two minutes to make their case, followed by three and a half minutes of exchange and a 30-second summing up. The moderator is WTO spokesperson Keith Rockwell. More trade debates: http://www.youtube.com/user/WTO#grid/user/F80C09FFF3DCFFD6 More information on Intellectual Property Rights is available on the WTO's website: http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_E/trips_e/trips_e.htm
WTO (Part 3): GATS, TRIMs, TRIPs ; For UPSC and other competitive Exams
 
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WTO (Part 3 ) : General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) , Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs), Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) For UPSC and other competitive exams Subscribe to https://www.youtube.com/c/palpalgk
Views: 34434 palpal GK
#54, Intellectual property rights and entrepreneurship
 
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class 11 business studies intellectual property rights (IPR)and entrepreneurship defination intellectual property include 1-patent 2-copyright 3-trademark mind your own business video 54 #commerce #business studies #IPR and entrepreneurship -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- "How to prepare for business exam | Class 12 board exam | preparation |" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HaW4qGVoJMw -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
TRIPS: The Story of How Intellectual Property Became Linked to Trade (1/7)
 
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In this 7 part series, Professor Peter Drahos explains how multinationals from US, Europe, and Japan collaborated to create a global platform for multinationals to privatize knowledge Link to full series http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=832&Itemid=74&jumival=1561
Views: 9885 The Real News Network
Introduction to Intellectual Property: Crash Course IP 1
 
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This week, Stan Muller launches the Crash Course Intellectual Property mini-series. So, what is intellectual property, and why are we teaching it? Well, intellectual property is about ideas and their ownership, and it's basically about the rights of creators to make money from their work. Intellectual property is so pervasive in today's world, we thought you ought to know a little bit about it. We're going to discuss the three major elements of IP: Copyright, Patents, and Trademarks. ALSO, A DISCLAIMER: he views expressed in this video do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Copyright Office, the Library of Congress, or the United States Government. The information in this video is distributed on "As Is" basis, without warranty. While precaution has been taken in the preparation of the video, the author shall not have any liability to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damage caused or alleged to be caused directly or indirectly by any information contained in the work. This video is intended for educational purposes only and is not intended to be, nor should it be construed as, legal advice. Intellectual property law is notoriously fact specific, and this video (or any other single resource) cannot substitute for expert guidance from qualified legal counsel. To obtain legal guidance relevant to your particular circumstances, you should consult a qualified lawyer properly licensed in your jurisdiction. You can contact your local bar association for assistance in finding such a lawyer in your area. The Magic 8 Ball is a registered Trademark of Mattel Citation 1: Brand, Stewart. Quote from speech given at first Hackers' Conference, 1984 Citation 2: Plato, Phaedrus. 390 BC p. 157 Crash Course is now on Patreon! You can support us directly (and have your contributions matched by Patreon through April 30th!) by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Suzanne, Dustin & Owen Mets, Amy Fuller, Simon Francis Max Bild-Enkin, Ines Krueger, King of Conquerors Gareth Mok, Chris Ronderos, Gabriella Mayer, jeicorsair, Tokyo Coquette Boutique, Konradical the nonradical TO: Everyone FROM: Bob You CAN'T be 'Based off' of anything! BASED ON! TO: the world FROM: denial Nou Ani Anquietas. Hic Qua Videum. Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 564559 CrashCourse
WIPO – World Intellectual Property Organization – Intellectual Property Basics #rolfclaessen
 
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WIPO – World Intellectual Property Organization - https://www.freischem.eu - Subscribe https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=rolfclaessen #rolfclaessen Patentanwalt https://www.freischem.eu The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is an agency of the United Nations. WIPO was created in 1967 "to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world." Subscribe to this channel: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_I... http://www.wipo.int/ Most countries in the world are member to at least one of the 26 international treaties that WIPO is administering. I want to briefly introduce the 3 most significant treaties: The PCT (Patent Cooperation Treaty) has been signed by 148 countries worldwide. The treaty allows the member countries to file one single patent application that is considered a valid patent application in all member countries. It does not lead to a granted patent, but must be converted into a national or regional patent application within 30 months after the so called priority date in most countries and regions. So basically, the patent applicant is buying time to make the decision about the countries where the applicant needs patent protection. The Madrid System allows applicants from 97 members such as the EU, the US, China, Japan and Korea to first file a trademark in their home country as a so called basic registration and then extend it potentially to all 97 members with one single application. So with just two trademark applications you can have protection in up to 97 countries and regions (e.g. the EU). The Hague Agreement allows applicants from over 65 countries and regions to file a single application for a design and have protection in all 65 contracting parties, such as the EU, the US, Japan and Korea. You can protect up to 100 designs with just one single application. In addition to important international treaties, WIPO strives to help developing countries to establish protection for intellectual property. WIPO is also working on the harmonization of intellectual property laws. WIPO also has a very cool video cartoon series with Pororo the Little Penguin as a comic, where WIPO teaches basic intellectual property concepts to kids. Pororo is a figure that is popular in South Korea among kids. One example is their wildly successful video "Pororo and his Friends Invent a Jet-Engine Sled", where Pororo becomes an inventor. In "Great Ideas", Pororo the Little Penguin and his friends invent a jet-engine sled: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uda-c... I hope you have enjoyed this brief overview of the WIPO – World Intellectual Property Organization. Related Channels: Keywords: World Intellectual Property Organization WIPO wipo trademark search Rolf Claessen wipo patent search Madrid Agreement Patent Cooperation Treaty wipo search Hague Agreement IP Patent Invention Inventions PCT Innovation Creativity Education patentscope patent search patentanwalt Pororo ompi Pororo The Little Penguin (TV Program) francis gurry Penguin Pororo the Little Penguin English Intellectual Property wipo romarin Inventor creator patentscope wipo country codes Other useful websites: IP Fridays - http://www.ipfridays.com (intellectual property podcast) IP Newsflash - http://www.ipnewsflash.com (intellectual property news portal, free patent PDF download, free patent family search) Contact Rolf at Dr. Rolf Claessen Patent Attorneys Freischem Salierring 47 - 53 (12th floor) D-50677 Cologne Germany Telephone: +49 (221) 270 5770 Facsimile: +49 (221) 27057710 http://www.freischem.eu Legalese and Disclaimer You have been watching a video by Rolf Claessen. The views expressed by the participants of this program are their own and do not represent the views of nor are they endorsed by their respective law firms. None of the content should be considered legal advice. This video should not be construed as legal advice or legal opinion on any specific facts or circumstances. The contents of this video are intended for general informational purposes only and you are urged to consult your own patent attorney on any specific legal questions. As always, consult a patent attorney.
Views: 16829 FREISCHEM & PARTNER
What is TRIPS AGREEMENT? What does TRIPS AGREEMENT mean? TRIPS AGREEMENT meaning & explanation
 
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✪✪✪✪✪ WORK FROM HOME! Looking for WORKERS for simple Internet data entry JOBS. $15-20 per hour. SIGN UP here - http://jobs.theaudiopedia.com ✪✪✪✪✪ What is TRIPS AGREEMENT? What does TRIPS AGREEMENT mean? TRIPS AGREEMENT meaning - TRIPS AGREEMENT definition - TRIPS AGREEMENT explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is an international agreement administered by the World Trade Organization (WTO) that sets down minimum standards for many forms of intellectual property (IP) regulation as applied to nationals of other WTO Members. It was negotiated at the end of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1994. The TRIPS agreement introduced intellectual property law into the international trading system for the first time and remains the most comprehensive international agreement on intellectual property to date. In 2001, developing countries, concerned that developed countries were insisting on an overly narrow reading of TRIPS, initiated a round of talks that resulted in the Doha Declaration. The Doha declaration is a WTO statement that clarifies the scope of TRIPS, stating for example that TRIPS can and should be interpreted in light of the goal "to promote access to medicines for all." Specifically, TRIPS requires WTO members to provide copyright rights, covering content producers including performers, producers of sound recordings and broadcasting organizations; geographical indications, including appellations of origin; industrial designs; integrated circuit layout-designs; patents; new plant varieties; trademarks; trade dress; and undisclosed or confidential information. TRIPS also specifies enforcement procedures, remedies, and dispute resolution procedures. Protection and enforcement of all intellectual property rights shall meet the objectives to contribute to the promotion of technological innovation and to the transfer and dissemination of technology, to the mutual advantage of producers and users of technological knowledge and in a manner conducive to social and economic welfare, and to a balance of rights and obligations.
Views: 20294 The Audiopedia
International IP Law: Crash Course Intellectual Property #6
 
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This week, Stan Muller teaches you how intellectual property law functions internationally. Like, between countries. Well, guess what. There's kind of no such thing as international law. But we can talk about treaties. There are a bevy of international treaties that regulate how countries deal with each others' IP. The upside is that this cooperation tends to foster international trade. The downside is, these treaties tend to stifle creativity by making it harder to shorten copyright terms. You win some, you lose some. Crash Course is now on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark Brouwer, Jan Schmid, Steve Marshall, Anna-Ester Volozh, Sandra Aft, Brad Wardell, Christian Ludvigsen, Robert Kunz, Jason, A Saslow, Jacob Ash, Jeffrey Thompson, Jessica Simmons, James Craver, Simun Niclasen, SR Foxley, Roger C. Rocha, Nevin, Spoljaric, Eric Knight, Elliot Beter, Jessica Wode -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 133162 CrashCourse
GATT AND WTO || MAJOR WTO AGREEMENTS || GATT BECAME WTO ||
 
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THIS PRESENTATION VIDEO INCLUDES : - ►GATT (GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TARIFFS AND TRADE) AND ►WTO (WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION) ►WTO AGREEMENTS ● AGREEMENT ON AGRICULTURE ● GREEN BOX SUBSIDIES ● BLUE BOX SUBSIDIES ● AMBER BOX SUBSIDIES ● TRIPs (INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY) ● TRIMs ● GATS ● MULTI FIBER ARRANGEMENTS ( AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN TEXTILE AND CLOTHING ) ►IMPACT OF WTO ON AGRICULTURE & INDUSTRIES (INDIAN ECONOMY) ►TRADE NEGOTIATIONS ►TRADE BARRIERS ( TARIFF & NON-TARIFF BARRIERS ) ►STRUCTURE OF WTO ● MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ● GENERAL COUNCIL ● TRADE POLICY REVIEW BODY ● DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BODY ;) HOPE YOU LIKE IT,,,, PLEASE SUBSCRIBE ( https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCq6F_3o__BOOKm8ne_28TgQ ) TAGS : gatt vs wto, gatt wto deutsch, gatt wto, gatt to wto, gatt und wto wto crash, wto and india, wto explained, wto mrunal, wto documentary, wto lecture, wto agreements, wto, wto in hindi, wto and indian agriculture, wto blast, wto lecture in hindi, wto and gatt, wto agreement on agriculture, wto agreement impact on indian economy exposed by rajiv dixit, wto animation, wto and agriculture, a we wtorek, wto byju, wto boxes, wto by mrunal, wto building, wto bali summit, wto brexit, wto batam, wto bad, wto brother, mel b wtorek, wto conspiracy, wto conference, wto crash course, wto case, wto criticism, wto dispute settlement mechanism, wto doha round, wto dispute settlement, wto debate, wto documentary in hindi, wto dispute, wto doha, wto developing countries, wto destroyer, wto economics, wto explained in hindi, wto exposed, eminem wto, wto einfach erklärt, wto ewa, wto functions, wto for upsc, wto food security, wto at fifteen, the wto kills farmers, wto trade facilitation agreement, wto gatt, wto geneva, gatt vs wto, wto gina, gatt wto deutsch, wto hindi, wto history, wto helmet, wto india, wto ias, wto imf world bank, wto issues, wto introduction, wto india solar, wto imf, wto kills farmers, kontrasosial wto, wto kim, wto ktv, wto lil jay, wto law, la naja wto naja, wto movie, wto mfn, wto meeting, wto ministerial conference, wto moot court, wto meeting in my bedroom, yes men wto, gatt and wto ppt gatt and wto pdf gatt and wto difference gatt and wto slideshare gatt and wto trade rounds gatt and wto notes gatt and wto objectives gatt and wto definition gatt and wto history gatt and wto summary gatt and wto gatt and wto agreement gatt and wto agreements and implications ppt gatt and wto agreements and implications gatt wto adalah gatt wto articles gatt/wto apush gatt wto agriculture difference between gatt and wto agreements gatt a wto gatt 1994 wto agreement gatt became wto gatt and wto highlighting the difference between the two between gatt and wto difference between gatt and wto difference between gatt and wto ppt similarities between gatt and wto relation between gatt and wto from gatt to wto and beyond difference between gatt and wto dispute settlement difference b w gatt and wto gatt and wto comparison gatt and wto conclusion gatt wto customs valuation gatt wto cases gatt wto china effect of gatt and wto on commerce of pharmaceuticals developing countries and gatt/wto dispute settlement compare and contrast gatt and wto common features of gatt and wto gatt and wto differences ppt gatt wto dispute settlement system gatt dan wto gatt documents wto define gatt and wto discuss gatt and wto gatt/wto and environment gatt en wto evolution of gatt and wto gatt and emergence of wto essays on gatt and wto example of gatt and wto role of gatt and wto in world economy historical evolution of gatt and wto gatt e wto gatt e wto differenze gatt and wto functions gatt and wto full form features of gatt and wto formation of gatt and wto why is gatt and wto important for international finance failures of gatt and wto functional difference between gatt and wto fundamental difference between gatt and wto major features of gatt and wto gatt/wto and global liberalisation gatt wto globalization gatt gats wto gatt and wto in hindi gatt to wto history ppt how gatt and wto opened up international trade history of gatt and wto pdf difference between gatt and wto in hindi how are gatt and wto different brief history of gatt and wto what do gatt wto and nafta have in common gatt and wto in india gatt and wto introduction gatt wto and imf gatt and wto succeeded in gatt-wto in the philippines gatt wto imf world bank gatt wto indonesia gatt wto italiano
Views: 23115 Sonu Singh - PPT wale
Ilan Vertinsky - Health & Intellectual Property Rights: Dynamics of Coordinated Compliance
 
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Ilan Vertinsky explores the ways China interprets its international obligations to support the rights of its people to health and affordable basic medicines. He will discuss the various policies introduced to achieve the affordable medicine objectives and examine their effectiveness. He will then examine the apparent conflict between these objectives and China's obligations under the World Trade Organization agreement, Trade-Related Aspect of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) to protect intellectual property and explore the extent to which China utilizes available TRIPS flexibilities. The presentation will conclude with a discussion of the political economy of the pharmaceutical sector explaining the dynamics of coordinated compliance in the supply of affordable medicines.
Public health, intellectual property and WTO rules at 20
 
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Innovation and Access to Medicines; Learning from the Past, Illuminating the Future: Opening a symposium on “Public Health, Intellectual Property and TRIPS at 20” at the WTO’s headquarters on 28 October 2015, Director-General Roberto Azevêdo emphasized that the TRIPS (trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights) Agreement can be part of the solution in tackling public health challenges in developing countries. He also recognized that enhanced cooperation and dialogue between the WTO, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) is a vital contribution to creating a stronger and more stable global framework that helps people lead better and healthier lives. Speakers: Roberto Azevêdo, WTO Director-General Margaret Chan, WHO Director-General Francis Gurry, WIPO Director-General Hans Rosling, keynote speaker
TRIPS Agreement and Competition Law Issues
 
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In this lecture, we discuss the TRIPS Agreement and Competition Law issues. We will also discuss the National Determination of IPR related competition policy, compulsory license as a remedy, remedies for anti-competitive licensing and much more. This lecture will be delivered to you by Mr. Avinash Tripathi. Website: http://www.fusionlawschool.com/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/fusionlawschool/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/FusionLawSchool Google+ : https://plus.google.com/+FusionLawSchool/
Views: 6958 Fusion Law School
360° VIEW II TRIPS & TRIMS II WTO SERIES II ALL DOUBTS DESTROYED
 
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The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMS)
Views: 6253 Online GS
Intellectual property rights
 
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IPR, copyright, patent, trade mark, trade secrets, Geographic indications, related rights, importance of IPR and international associations dealing with IPR
Views: 17 Agriculture
Why you can't get the lifesaving drugs you need | Ellen 't Hoen | TEDxZurich
 
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Access to medicines patents can be a question of life and death in the developing world. Global discussions have centred on how to prevent the "tragedy of the anti-commons," in which use of important drugs is off-limits due to the intellectual property rights while also preserving incentives to innovate. The Medicines Patent Pool is an initiative that goes beyond the discussion clearing away medicines patent barriers to increase access to new, affordable HIV treatment in developing countries. Ellen 't Hoen is an independent medicines law and policy consultant. She has particular expertise in the area of access to medicines and intellectual property. Her most recent achievement is the establishment of the Medicines Patent Pool to accelerate the availability of low cost HIV treatments in developing countries through patent licensing. In 1981 she co-founded DES Action the Netherlands and remained its coordinator until 1990. In 1990 she joined Health Action International to head the policy and campaigns unit. From 1996 until 1999 she was the international coordinator of the independent medicines journal La Revue Prescrire/Prescrire International and the International Society of Drug Bulletins (ISDB). From 1999 until 2009 she was the Director of Policy and Advocacy at Médecins sans Frontières' (MSF) Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines. In 2009 she became the Senior Adviser for Intellectual Property and Medicines Patent Pool at WHO/UNITAID where she set up the Medicines Patent Pool which aims at brokering and making available patent licenses to antiretroviral medicines with the purpose of increasing access to low-cost and better adapted ARVs, for example pediatric formulations or fixed dose formulations for use in low and middle income countries. She was the executive-director of the Medicines Patent Pool until June 2012. She won several awards for her work on the effects of exposure to the drug (DES) in the 1980s and 1990s, including the prestigious Harriet Freezerring award in 1989. In 2005, 2006 and 2010 she was listed as one of the 50 most influential people in intellectual property in the world by the journal Managing Intellectual Property. She is a research fellow at the IS HIV/AIDS Academy of the University of Amsterdam and authored the book "The Global Politics of Pharmaceutical Monopoly Power. Drug patents, access, innovation and the application of the WTO Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health." which was published in January 2009 and is available for free download here: http://www.msfaccess.org/content/global-politics-pharmaceutical-monopoly-power. She is a member of the World Health Organization's Expert Advisory Panel on Drug Policies and Management and a member of the advisory board of Universities Allied for Essential Medicines (UAEM). In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)
Views: 26315 TEDx Talks
TRIPS Agreement
 
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The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights is an international agreement administered by the World Trade Organization that sets down minimum standards for many forms of intellectual property regulation as applied to nationals of other WTO Members. It was negotiated at the end of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in 1994. The TRIPS agreement introduced intellectual property law into the international trading system for the first time and remains the most comprehensive international agreement on intellectual property to date. In 2001, developing countries, concerned that developed countries were insisting on an overly narrow reading of TRIPS, initiated a round of talks that resulted in the Doha Declaration. The Doha declaration is a WTO statement that clarifies the scope of TRIPS, stating for example that TRIPS can and should be interpreted in light of the goal "to promote access to medicines for all." This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 11992 Audiopedia
Keith Maskus: IP-Related Trade Agreements
 
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In this HKUST IEMS academic seminar, Keith Maskus (University of Colorado) presented research looking at how preferential trade agreements (PTAs) with complex chapters covering intellectual property rights (IPRs) affect the composition of trade. More about the seminar at http://iems.ust.hk/maskus
Adam Mossoff: The American IP System
 
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Adam Mossoff, Professor of Law at the Antonin Scalia Law School, George Mason University, gives a brief overview of the United States' intellectual property system. He discusses the United States' innovative manner of treating patents and trademarks as property rights. He also explains how the United States has influenced many modern countries' approaches. As always, the Federalist Society takes no position on particular legal or public policy issues; all expressions of opinion are those of the speaker. Related links: Intellectual Property Outlook: Cases and Trends to Follow in 2016 http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=80f0379a-c077-47f7-85eb-20f1255bf855 How Patent Law Can Block Even Lifesaving Drugs http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/29/upshot/how-patent-law-can-block-even-lifesaving-drugs.html Congress Strengthens Trade-related Intellectual Property Protection http://www.huffingtonpost.com/umar-zulqarnain/congress-strengthens-trad_b_9628094.html United States plummets down IP rankings table; cost and enforcement frustrations cited http://www.worldtrademarkreview.com/Blog/detail.aspx?g=f0bcf910-1fc9-42ca-8e89-9341d4e3e9c3 Intellectual Property Law - June 2016 http://www.jdsupra.com/legalnews/intellectual-property-law-june-2016-31085/ The WTO and trade agreements Free trade means free individuals and a free society. http://www.bworldonline.com/content.php?section=Opinion&title=the-wto-and-trade-agreements&id=128880 TPP: The New Gold Standard for Intellectual Property Protection in Trade Agreements? http://new.www.huffingtonpost.com/eastwest-center/tpp-the-new-gold-standard_b_9544428.html
Views: 10364 The Federalist Society
Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TRIPS_Agreement 00:02:08 1 Background and history 00:04:15 2 The requirements of TRIPS 00:07:15 2.1 Access to essential medicines 00:09:00 2.2 Software and business method patents 00:09:42 3 Implementation in developing countries 00:11:37 4 Post-TRIPS expansion 00:13:03 5 Panel reports 00:14:40 6 Criticism 00:18:52 7 See also 00:19:04 7.1 Related treaties and laws 00:19:37 7.2 Related organizations 00:19:52 7.3 Other Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8052394335605246 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is an international legal agreement between all the member nations of the World Trade Organization (WTO). It sets down minimum standards for the regulation by national governments of many forms of intellectual property (IP) as applied to nationals of other WTO member nations. TRIPS was negotiated at the end of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1994 and is administered by the WTO. The TRIPS agreement introduced intellectual property law into the international trading system for the first time and remains the most comprehensive international agreement on intellectual property to date. In 2001, developing countries, concerned that developed countries were insisting on an overly narrow reading of TRIPS, initiated a round of talks that resulted in the Doha Declaration. The Doha declaration is a WTO statement that clarifies the scope of TRIPS, stating for example that TRIPS can and should be interpreted in light of the goal "to promote access to medicines for all." Specifically, TRIPS requires WTO members to provide copyright rights, covering content producers including performers, producers of sound recordings and broadcasting organizations; geographical indications, including appellations of origin; industrial designs; integrated circuit layout-designs; patents; new plant varieties; trademarks; trade dress; and undisclosed or confidential information. TRIPS also specifies enforcement procedures, remedies, and dispute resolution procedures. Protection and enforcement of all intellectual property rights shall meet the objectives to contribute to the promotion of technological innovation and to the transfer and dissemination of technology, to the mutual advantage of producers and users of technological knowledge and in a manner conducive to social and economic welfare, and to a balance of rights and obligations.
Views: 6 wikipedia tts
TRIPS: The Story of How Intellectual Property Became Linked to Trade (2/7)
 
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The architects of this trade agreement saw great profit from controlling the building blocks of the biological and digital technologies of the future, says professor Peter Drahos Link to full series http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=832&Itemid=74&jumival=1561
Views: 3930 The Real News Network
TRIPS: The Story of How Intellectual Property Became Linked to Trade (5/7)
 
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Professor Peter Drahos explains the TRIPS Agreement gave multinational corporate owners of intellectual property rights a global form of private taxing power Link to full series http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=832&Itemid=74&jumival=1561
Views: 4050 The Real News Network
Intellectual Property Rights Explained in hindi
 
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Intellectual Property Rights Explained in hindi Hello dosto, aaj is video me mai aapko samjhaunga ki Intellectual property kya hota hai aur intellectual property right kya hota hai. is law ke ander kya kya topic aata hai jaise ki copyright or Patent or Trademark or Industry Design or Geographical Indication etc. ------------------------ What about your opinions? tell me in comment. ------------------------ Follow us on Facebook-https://www.facebook.com/asinformer Follow us on Twitter -https://twitter.com/asinformer Follow us on Instagram-https://www.instagram.com/asinformer Subscribe us-https://www.youtube.com/asinformer Website - http://www.techaj.com/ ------------------------ Thanks for watching my Video , Keep liking and subscribe my channel About : AS Informer channel contains daily tech news, How to guide and review with lot of technology concept. Incoming Terms : intellectual property rights intellectual property intellectual property law intellectual property rights in hindi intellectual property law in hindi intellectual property rights in india
Views: 39138 AS Informer
TRIPS: The Story of How Intellectual Property Became Linked to Trade (3/7)
 
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Countries like India and Brazil saw early on how excessive monopoly protection due to intellectual property rights would be an impediment to development, says professor Peter Drahos Link to full series http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=832&Itemid=74&jumival=1561
Views: 3434 The Real News Network
Understanding intellectual property 2. How business lobbying changed the world, by Peter Drahos
 
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In the second part of his talk, Peter Drahos outlines how concerted business lobbying inserted intellectual property into the global trade negotiations, which resulted in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) becoming part of the World Trade Organisation. He sketches out some implications of this on states' ability to act on citizens behalf through regulating for food provisioning, health and environmental well-being. He uses the example of Australia's tobacco plain packaging legislation to illustrate this. Running order: Introduction: 0:00 Part 1. Changing the global rules: 1:41 Part 2. Some effects: 10:11 Part 3. Australia vs Big Tobacco: 21:48 Part 4. Lessons from Australia's tobacco experience: 34:58 For further reading go here: http://www.foodsystemsacademy.org.uk/videos/peter-drahos2.html Other links: http://www.foodsystemsacademy.org.uk/ http://www.tansey.org.uk/
Views: 975 Geoff Tansey
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS EXPLAINED IN HINDI
 
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Find the notes of INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY on this link - https://viden.io/knowledge/intellectual-property?utm_campaign=creator_campaign&utm_medium=referral&utm_source=youtube&utm_term=ajaze-khan-1
Views: 63009 LearnEveryone
TRIPS AND TRIMS ( meaning in hindi ) part 1.
 
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TRIPS AND TRIMS ( Meaning in hindi ) part 1 by R.G.A.D commerce classes.
Views: 177 deepikaAnoop Mishra
Intellectual Property Rights In Telugu || Patents || Copyright || TradeMark || Registered
 
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#KOTHA_ABHISHEK My Blog: http://kothaabhishek.blogspot.in/ Music :http://www.bensound.com/royalty-free-music Programming Tutorials In Telugu by Kotha Abhishek Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/Programming-Tutorials-In-Telugu-146323729206321/ Google+ : https://plus.google.com/100152656881619711250 Twitter: https://twitter.com/abhishekkotha LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/abhishek-kotha-0a413b13a Youtube: https://youtube.com/programmingtutorialsintelugu HTML in telugu : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FY-OxURSqlI&list=PLv_sM9ZH4RUWkdiiILVHnNZUsOr2DBS7S CSS in telugu : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DfHdLSN0ZRM&list=PLv_sM9ZH4RUVjmxTl5PysFSxJ6VQbdnRc JavaScript in telugu : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VUhkKI1fkrE&list=PLv_sM9ZH4RUW_Pgz-6B0Q-YTfWvC7RVFN ORACLE in telugu : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zk1x48fLUAQ&list=PLv_sM9ZH4RUXedOGLCSx9kSgcE1gSdShN Java in telugu : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uv_tyv0IWGQ&list=PLv_sM9ZH4RUX80_kQBVolY5te0JWF_V38 PHP in Telugu: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xw5qtJwlaro&list=PLv_sM9ZH4RUV9OZcXjU_oJyT63oTkpsUz Python in Telugu: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PI2cpyOGqgk&list=PLv_sM9ZH4RUXF7ARa1ogf8lJpCtgV10eu AngularJS in Telugu: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A_LAnEQZwHI&list=PLv_sM9ZH4RUWdXn7yejVgqm2R8zX84V7x C in Telugu: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_3ns0tkN55Q&list=PLv_sM9ZH4RUWi0XbsEi22SRLq0j0NP3to XML Tutorials in Telugu https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLv_sM9ZH4RUVVgcym1eWfexIEuXRuTEqJ Materials For Programming Tutorials: http://htmlintelugu1.blogspot.com http://cssintelugu1.blogspot.com http://javascriptintelugu1.blogspot.com http://sqlintelugu1.blogspot.com http://javaintelugu1.blogspot.com
Views: 11969 KOTHA ABHISHEK
Trips Agreement
 
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Dr Neeru Bhooshan, ZTM & BPD Unit IP Management
Views: 5061 ZTM BPD IARI
What is Intellectual Property Rights? Why Should I Care? By Saurabh Lal in hindi
 
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In this video Mr. Saurabh Lal, a well known Intellectual Property Attorney talks about IPR and why you should pay attention to this? Watch this video if you're looking for... Intellectual Property or IP Intellectual Property Rights or IPR Importance of Intellectual Property Why you need Intellectual Property Rights Importance of Intellectual Property for Business For more important updates and resources, visit http://www.consultease.com/resources Connect with us on facebook, twitter & linked in, to stay up-to-date Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/consultease/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/consultease LinkedIn - https://www.linkedin.com/company-beta/13181997/ DISCLAIMER ******** This video is mere a general guide meant for learning purposes only. All the instructions, references, content or documents are for educational purposes only and do not constitute a legal advice. We do not accept any liabilities whatsoever for any losses caused directly or indirectly by the use/reliance of any information contained in this video or for any conclusion of the information. Prior to acting upon this video, you're suggested to seek the advice of your financial, legal, tax or professional advisors as to the risks involved may be obtained and necessary due diligence, etc may be done at your end. Category
Views: 50639 ConsultEase
“TRIPS Plus clauses on IP within the scope of free trade agreements” - Carola Musetti
 
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Presentation of Carola Musetti, from the Ministry of Health of Argentina, during the table “TRIPS Plus clauses on intellectual property within the scope of free trade agreements”. The table was part of the seminar Public Health, Innovation and Intellectual Property, sponsored by ISAGS in partnership with the Ministry of Health of Argentina and the Technical Group for Universal Access to Medicines of the South American Health Council. The seminar was held in Buenos Aires (Argentina) on December 3rd and 4th, 2014.
Views: 306 Isags Unasur
Intellectual Property Enforcement
 
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BOOK REVIEW INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ENFORCEMENT A Commentary on the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) By Michael Blakeney Edward Elgar Publications Limited ISBN: 978 1 84980 003 7 www.e-elgar.com PROTECTING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS WORLDWIDE --A NEW STRENGTHENED STANDARD An appreciation by Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers Fundamentally it is innovation which keeps markets and economies moving. But in the wake of new ideas, there are always counterfeiters and pirates out there ready, willing and able to profit hugely by stealing them -- hence the pressing need for the protection of intellectual property and the even more pressing need for effective enforcement worldwide. Enter ACTA -- the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement finally enacted from 15 April 2011 after several years of tortuous negotiations and in the teeth of opposition in 2006 from Argentina, Brazil, China and India in response to an EU proposal at a TRIPS Council meeting that year, for 'an in-depth discussion' of enforcement issues. Recently published by Edward Elgar Publishing, this timely work of reference and research presents a thorough, scholarly and certainly readable examination of this newly enacted worldwide initiative, which has been signed by almost 40 nations footnoted in the book's Appendix, which contains the text of the ACTA itself. (It is illuminating, if dismaying, to note the nations that haven't signed up for it.) Providing for enhanced international cooperation in enforcement matters, the agreement promotes sound enforcement practices. Quoting the press statement issued by the negotiating parties, author Michael Blakeney points out that the ACTA 'establishes a strengthened standard that builds on the minimum standards of the TRIPS Agreement and therefore effects 'a considerable improvement in international trade norms for effectively combating the global proliferation of commercial-scale counterfeiting and piracy in the 21st century.' The book also comments upon all pertinent aspects of ACTA, including the negotiations and the impacts of the global trade in counterfeit and pirated products, citing along the way, some horrifying financial statistics. In 1995 apparently, the worth of such products was US$60 billion annually, a sum which increased 10-fold ten years later. One of the major contributions of ACTA, says Blakeney, is that 'both the direct and indirect benefits obtained by those participating in this trade should be subject to confiscation.' Check out Chapter 9 for more on the subject of implementing confiscation actions. Also note the important innovation of enforcing intellectual property rights in the digital environment. This important book should be required reading for all IP practitioners, academics, students and policy makers concerned with the protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights. Extensively footnoted, with a detailed index at the back, this impressively analytical volume opens up any number of avenues for further research. The publication date is cited as at 11 November 2011.
Views: 114 Phillip Taylor
Intellectual Property Rights, Patents and Indian Patent Laws - IPR  [UPSC/SSC/All Government Exam]
 
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Intellectual Property Rights, Patents and Indian Patent Laws - IPR [UPSC/SSC/All Government Exam] Intellectual Property Rights,Patents and Indian Patent Laws - Intellectual property rights IPR & their significance Intellectual property is an intangible property or proprietary asset, which applies to any product of the human intellect that has commercial value. Intellectual Property Rights (I P Rights) are one’s legal rights in respect of the ‘property’ created by one’s mind – such as an invention, or piece of music, or an artistic work, or a name or slogan or symbol, or a design, which is used in commerce, in the form of books, music, computer software, designs, technological know-how, trade symbols, etc. These rights are largely covered by the laws governing Patents, Trademarks, Copyright and Designs. These various laws protect the holder of IP rights from third party encroachment of these rights. It also allows them to exercise various exclusive rights over their intellectual property. Intellectual property laws and enforcement vary widely from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. There are inter-governmental efforts to harmonise them through international treaties such as the 1994 World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs), while other treaties may facilitate registration in more than one jurisdiction at a time. With companies, institutions and individuals constantly forging ahead in newer fields and geographical territories and with path breaking inventions becoming the norm, the field of Intellectual Property Rights has assumed primordial importance, especially in emerging economies like India. UPSC CSE/IAS 2019 Strategy for Prelims & Mains - Sources and Approach Telegram group link:- https://t.me/knowledgehouse2819 Our Facebook page:- https://www.facebook.com/Knowledge-Ho...
Views: 1840 Knowledge House
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY in HINDI
 
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Find the notes of INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY on this link - https://viden.io/knowledge/intellectual-property?utm_campaign=creator_campaign&utm_medium=referral&utm_source=youtube&utm_term=ajaze-khan-1
Views: 88728 LearnEveryone
Patents and Indian Patent Laws - Intellectual property rights IPR & their significance
 
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Views: 39500 Study IQ education
WTO TRIPS amendment: Pascal Lamy
 
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The amendment to the TRIPS Agreement creates a permanent legal pathway for access to affordable medicines for developing and least-developed countries reliant on pharmaceutical imports. In this video statement, former WTO Director-General Pascal Lamy says that the new rules must now be incorporated into national and international health policy initiatives so that governments can reap the benefits. TRIPS is the WTO agreement dealing with trade-related intellectual property rights, including patents on medicines and other health technologies. The amendment entered into force on 23 January 2017, after two thirds of WTO members accepted the 2005 protocol amending the agreement. Learn more at wto.org/tripshealth -- Pascal Lamy’s Statement They say the best things in life are worth waiting for and in this case the expression holds true. Following ratification by two-thirds of the WTO's members, the First Amendment of the WTO Agreements has entered into force. And it is no ordinary amendment. The efforts to amend the WTO's agreement of intellectual property were entirely motivated by public health considerations and how best to use the rules of the global trading system in support for people in developing countries that have fallen ill with serious diseases such as for instance HIV/AIDS. Negotiations to amend the WTO rule book date back to 2001, when developing countries wanted greater certainty that international protection of patents would not undermine health policies aimed at finding essential medicines for their people and providing them at the most affordable prices. This clarity was achieved through an agreement reached in Doha, Qatar in 2001. But there was one element missing – how could poor countries without the capacity to manufacture generic drugs at home be assured they could obtain them in times of need? And the solution was to enable those countries to source production of such medicines to drug makers in third countries in case negotiations with the patent holder did not succeed in the provision of affordable medicines. Negotiating the terms of this very specific clause was not easy, but thanks to the push, the sort of persistence of the WTO's African Members and many civil society groups, this portion of the amendment was finally agreed in 2003. That many years ago, but the wheels of law making sometimes turn slowly and it has taken governments quite a long time to ratify this important accord. Now that the amendment is in force developing countries have a useful tool for achieving the important health policy objective of obtaining affordable medicines. And what is important for the future in my view is that these new rules be incorporated into health policy initiatives nationally or internationally. Only then at the end of the day, can governments reap the benefits for the people that negotiators at the time worked so hard to achieve.
TRIPS: The Story of How Intellectual Property Became Linked to Trade (4/7)
 
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The globalization of intellectual property rights will not improve trade, competition, or the livelihood of workers; it leads to underdevelopment, says professor Peter Drahos. Link to full series http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=832&Itemid=74&jumival=1561
Views: 2424 The Real News Network
TRIPS, IPR and Human Rights
 
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Subject:Human Rights and Duties Paper: Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights; Duties and Responsibilities
Views: 204 Vidya-mitra
Intellectual property rights in India
 
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This video talks about The patent Act, Trade Marks Act, Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, The Copyright Act
Views: 509 learn services
TRIPS: The Story of How Intellectual Property Became Linked to Trade (6/7)
 
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Professor Peter Drahos says the story of the trade agreement is not just a story of power, it’s also a story of clever psychology Link to full series http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=832&Itemid=74&jumival=1561
Views: 1967 The Real News Network
TRIPS: The Story of How Intellectual Property Became Linked to Trade (7/7)
 
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Professor Peter Drahos says a global effort will be needed to keep knowledge in the public domain Link to full series http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=832&Itemid=74&jumival=1561
Views: 1640 The Real News Network
Interpreting TRIPS
 
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BOOK REVIEW Interpreting TRIPS Globalisation of Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Medicines By Hiroko Yamane Hart Publishing ISBN: 978-1-84113-953-1 www.hartpub.co.uk PROTECTING IPRs (INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS) GLOBALLY An Appreciation by Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers If you're reading this and you're not in the legal profession, (or not yet), TRIPS means: "Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property". Business, the creativity that accompanies it -- and the intellectual property that results -- have all, probably in most respects, gone global and so have most issues relating to intellectual property. In the wake of a number of significant IP directives and agreements, such IP issues will inevitably impact on world trade in different ways for the immediate future. The author, Professor Hiroko Yamane, in her thorough and analytical explorations of such issues, touches on the potential impact created by a regulated IP environment on different areas referred to as the industrialized nations...the developing countries...and the leading emerging economies such as India and China. Having perused her comments for the most part, we gather that she feels that a 'one-size-fits-all' policy, or policies, for IP regulation worldwide will not necessarily benefit business in all countries or trading environments. And that's the dilemma! Nonetheless, with the protection of IPRs (intellectual property rights) having become an established global issue now, the TRIPS Agreement has evolved with a view to outlining and indeed establishing minimum standards for IPR protection for members of the WTO (World Trade Organisation) over a vast range of creative endeavours, from IT to the pharmaceutical and biological sciences. It's interesting that the author and -- presumably the impressive global team of IP experts she mentions in her acknowledgements -- take a cautious approach here, warning that 'the benefits of TRIPS are more questionable in poorer countries where national infrastructure for research and development and social protection are inadequate...and the cost of innovation is high'. Hmm. IPR protection, she argues, 'should be supporting domestic policies for innovation and investment.' At the same time, she advocates the benefits of international co-operation in on IP issues. Bearing such diverse views in mind, Yamane's extremely erudite book does much to shed light on the various attitudes worldwide to the role of intellectual property rights as incentives for innovation and investment, while also examining the ongoing worldwide debate over IPRs. A copiously researched and monumentally impressive magnum opus, this book will undoubtedly provide a welcome and authoritative contribution to such a debate, particularly among specialist IP practitioners and academics. Meticulously footnoted and indexed, it contains extensive tables of cases and legislation over a worldwide range of jurisdictions. So, if you're in any way involved in cross-border matters relating to intellectual property, this book with its global perspective should prove a useful and thought provoking addition to your professional library.
Views: 1138 Phillip Taylor
Patent Sovereignty and International Law
 
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The international patent system walks a tightrope between harmonization and diversity. Harmonization efforts offer the benefit of uniformity, but because of diverse national interests, one size cannot fit all countries. What national flexibilities do current treaties such as the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) offer? Given the rise of regional trade agreements, and controversies over “fast track” negotiating authority, what flexibilities will be available in the future? This conference begins with the recent Declaration on Patent Protection and Regulatory Sovereignty Under TRIPs as a launching point to explore the proper balance between international patent harmonization and national sovereignty. Tweet questions to: #TRIPSatUCI Please email: [email protected] for any questions
Views: 409 UCI Media
WTO TRIPS amendment: Kenya's Mohamed
 
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The amendment to the TRIPS Agreement creates a permanent legal pathway for access to affordable medicines for developing and least-developed countries reliant on pharmaceutical imports. In this video statement Amina Mohamed, Kenya's Cabinet Secretary for Foreign Affairs, says she is proud that African countries played a major role in bringing about this amendment, which is an important tool to access medicines. TRIPS is the WTO agreement dealing with trade-related intellectual property rights, including patents on medicines and other health technologies. The amendment entered into force on 23 January 2017, after two thirds of WTO members accepted the 2005 protocol amending the agreement. Learn more at wto.org/tripshealth -- Amina Mohammed’s Statement For any government, there is no greater priority than the health of its nation's people. As important as trade policy is, health and well-being must take precedence. WTO Members recognise this and have proven how seriously they take health issues by ratifying and putting into force an amendment to WTO rules which will facilitate access to essential medicines in low income countries. Efforts to amend WTO's Trade and Intellectual Property Agreement were driven by public health considerations and by a desire to find the best way to use the rules of the global trading system to assist those in developing countries who are seriously ill. This is the first ever amendment to WTO agreements and now that two-thirds of the members of WTO have ratified it, it will come into force. It has been a long time coming. The concerns held by developing countries were based on their need to ensure adequate flexibility to obtain affordable medicines. Protection of patents is important. It helps to foster creativity and innovation. But health care is paramount. In 2001, WTO Members struck a deal which clarified the accords and provided governments in the developing world with greater clarity and certainty. But one more element was needed – how to guarantee that countries lacking the capacity to produce generic drugs could still procure them affordably? In 2003, WTO Members agreed that if the importing country could not negotiate the acquisition of patented medicines at affordable prices these medicines could be produced under licence by drug makers in third countries. This was a major step and I am proud to say that African countries played a major role in bringing about this agreement. I was Kenya's ambassador to the WTO in those years and chaired several important WTO bodies including the General Council. I saw what it took to gain agreement and I have seen how well the agreement can work. It has taken some time to implement this agreement. But now that it is in place, developing country governments have an important tool for obtaining affordable medicines. I urge governments to incorporate these new rules into their health policies nationally and internationally so that the benefits of this amendment can be secured by governments and the people they represent.